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Conceptual framework: Differences (continued)
- Observers ability to observe and understand the algorithms that govern a systems operation
- Natural systems
- Algorithms describing component interactions and state variables have to be deduced and are not fully understood
- Models—describe and mimic behavior
- Engineered systems
- Designed for transparency
- Relationships are planned and calculated during design process
- Despite transparency have complex systems sometimes unpredicted and unanticipated emergent behavior
- Transparency affects the ability to cope with changes of system
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