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Archived EPC Evidence Reports

The following is a list of EPC evidence reports that have not been updated within the past 5 years and are therefore no longer considered current. They are maintained for archival purposes only.

The decision not to update a report is based on several factors, such as the amount of new literature, potential changes to practice and policy, partner interest, available funding, and new nominations. If a partner nominates one of the archived topics for a new report, it is considered along with other topic nominations.

Please direct inquiries about EPC topics to epc@ahrq.gov.

Topic Index: A-Z

Topics

Clinical

 Cancer and Blood Disorders
 Complementary and Alternative Care
 Dietary Supplements
 Ear, Nose, and Throat Conditions
 Eye Conditions
 Heart and Vascular Diseases
 Infectious Diseases
 Kidney Conditions
 Lung Conditions
 Mental Health Conditions and Substance Abuse
 Metabolic, Nutritional, and Endocrine Conditions
 Musculoskeletal Disorders
 Nerve and Brain Conditions
 Obstetric and Gynecologic Conditions
 Oral and Gastrointestinal Disorders
 Pathology
 Pediatric Conditions
 Skin Conditions

Health Care Services

 Bioterrorism
 Financing and Economic Incentives
 Information Technology
 Quality Improvement and Patient Safety

Technical

 Methodology


Clinical

Cancer and Blood Disorders

Adnexal Mass (February 2006)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

Adrenal Mass, Clinically Inapparent (February 2002)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Anemia in Oncology, Use of Epoetin (March 2001)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Breast Abnormalities, Diagnosis and Management (April 2001)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Breast Cancer Care in Women, Measuring Quality (September 2004)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Cancer Care Quality Measures, Colorectal Cancer (May 2006)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

Cancer Care Quality Measures, Symptoms and End-of-Life (May 2006)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

Cancer Clinical Trials, Recruitment of Underrepresented Populations (June 2005)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Cancer Control Interventions, Diffusion and Dissemination (May 2003)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Cancer Family History, Collection and Use in Primary Care (October 2007)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

Cancer Pain, Management (January 2001)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Cancer Risk, Dietary Behavior (November 2000)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Cancer Symptoms, Management (July 2002)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Cancer-Related Decision Aids (July 2002)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Colorectal Cancer Screening (May 1998)
   Clinical Focus / Summary / Technical Review

Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer (May 2007)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

Immuno-Augmentation Therapy and Naltrexone for Cancer Treatment (April 2003)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Ovarian Cancer, Genomic Tests for Detection and Management (October 2006)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

Physical Activity, General Population and Cancer Patients and Survivors (June 2004)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Prostatic Cancer, Androgen Suppression (January 1999)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report / Selected Publications

Small Cell Lung Cancer, Management (July 2006)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

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Complementary and Alternative Care

Ayurvedic Treatments for Diabetes Mellitus (June 2001)
  Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Meditation Practices for Health (June 2007)
    Abstract / Evidence Report

Mind-Body Interventions, Gastrointestinal Conditions (March 2001)
  Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report / Selected Publications

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Dietary Supplements

Antioxidant Supplements, Cancer Prevention and Treatment (October 2003)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Antioxidant Supplements, Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Treatment (July 2003)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

B Vitamins and Berries and Age-Related Neurodegenerative Disorders (April 2006)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

Ephedra and Ephedrine for Weight Loss and Athletic Performance Enhancement (March 2003)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Garlic, Effects (October 2000)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Melatonin, Treatment of Sleep Disorders (November 2004)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Milk Thistle Effects (September 2000)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Multivitamin/Mineral Supplements, Chronic Disease Prevention (May 2006)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

Omega-3 Fatty Acids, Effects on Arrhythmogenic Mechanisms in Culture Studies (March 2004)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Omega-3 Fatty Acids, Effects on Asthma (March 2004)
  Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Omega-3 Fatty Acids, Effects on Cancer (February 2005)
  Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Omega-3 Fatty Acids, Effects on Cardiovascular Disease (March 2004)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Omega-3 Fatty Acids, Effects on Cardiovascular Risk Factors (March 2004)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Omega-3 Fatty Acids, Effects on Child and Maternal Health (August 2005)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Omega-3 Fatty Acids, Effects on Cognitive Functions (February 2005)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Omega-3 Fatty Acids, Effects on Eye Health (July 2005)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Omega-3 Fatty Acids, Effects in Type II Diabetes, Rheumatoid Arthritis, and Other Diseases (March 2004)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Omega-3 Fatty Acids, Effects on Mental Health (July 2005)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Omega-3 Fatty Acids, Effects on Organ Transplantation (February 2005)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

S-Adenosyl-L-Methionine (SAMe) for Depression, Osteoarthritis, and Liver Disease (August 2002)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Soy, Effects on Health Outcomes (August 2005)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Vitamin D, Effectiveness and Safety in Bone Health (August 2007)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

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Ear, Nose, and Throat Conditions

Acute Bacterial Rhinosinusitis (October 2000)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Rhinitis, Allergic and Nonallergic (May 2002)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Rhinitis, Allergic, in the Working-Age Population (February 2003)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Sinusitis, Acute Bacterial—Update (June 2005)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Speech/Language Disorders, Criteria for Determining Disability (January 2002)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

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Eye Conditions

Cataract and Glaucoma, Surgical Treatment (September 2000)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Cataract Surgery, Anesthesia Management (July 2000)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

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Heart and Vascular Diseases

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm, Endovascular and Open Surgical Repairs (August 2006)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

Angina, Unstable (August 2000)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report / Selected Publications

Atrial Fibrillation, New Onset (May 2000)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report / Selected Publications

Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory (November 2002)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Cardiac Ischemia, Acute, Emergency Department Technologies (September 2000)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report / Selected Publications

Cardiovascular Effects of Epinephrine (March 2002)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Coronary Heart Disease in Women, Selected Topics (May 2003)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Coronary Heart Disease in Women, Systematic Review (May 2003)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Deep Venous Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism (January 2003)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Heart Failure, Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (November 2004)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Heart Failure Diagnosis and Prognosis, Testing for BNP and NT-proBNP (September 2006)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

Heart Failure and Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction, Pharmacologic Management (July 2003)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (September 2003)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Insomnia, Manifestations and Management (June 2005)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction, Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy & Implantable Cardiac Defibrillators (June 2007)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

Multiple Sclerosis, Criteria to Determine Disability (May 2004)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Physical Activity, General Population and Cancer Patients and Survivors (June 2004)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Post-Myocardial Infarction Depression (May 2005)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Stable Angina, Conventional and Alternative Therapies (November 1999)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report / Selected Publications

Stroke, Evaluation and Treatment (July 2005)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Treatment-Resistant Epilepsy (April 2003)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Venous Thromboembolism, Prevention After Injury (August 2000)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

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Infectious Diseases

Antiretroviral (ARV) Drug Resistance in the Developing World (September 2007)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

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Kidney Conditions

Chronic Renal Failure, Determinants of Disability (May 2000)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report / Selected Publications

Chronic Renal Failure, Use of Epoetin for Anemia (March 2001)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Fecal and Urinary Incontinence in Adults, Prevention (December 2007)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

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Lung Conditions

Asthma, Chronic (September 2001)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Asthma, Work-Related (October 2005)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute Exacerbations (September 2000)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report / Selected Publications

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Spirometry (August 2005)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Mechanical Ventilation, Criteria for Weaning (June 2000)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report / Selected Publications

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Mental Health Conditions and Substance Abuse

Adults with Non-Psychotic Depression Treated with SSRIs, CYP450 Testing (January 2007)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

Alcohol Dependence, Pharmacotherapy (January 1999)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report / Selected Publications

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Diagnosis (October 1999)
   Clinical Focus / Summary / Technical Review

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Update (December 2006)
   Clinical Focus

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Treatment (November 1999)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report / Selected Publications

Depression, Treatment with New Drugs (March 1999)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report / Selected Publications

Depression, Perinatal (February 2005)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Depression, Post-Myocardial Infarction (May 2005)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Eating Disorders, Management (April 2006)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

Tobacco Use: Prevention, Cessation, and Control (June 2006)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

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Musculoskeletal Disorders

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Defining and Managing (September 2001)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Disability (December 2002)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Osteoarthritis of the Knee (October 2007)
  Abstract / Evidence Report

Osteoporosis in Postmenopausal Women (February 2001)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Total Knee Replacement (December 2003)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Worker-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders (October 2002)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

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Metabolic, Nutritional, and Endocrine Conditions

Diabetes Mellitus, Islet Transplantation in Patients (July 2004)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Diabetes Mellitus, Use of Glycated Hemoglobin and Microalbuminuria (July 2003)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Diabetes, Oral Medications (July 2007)
  Comparative Evidence Review

Impaired Glucose Tolerance and Fasting Glucose, Diagnosis, Prognosis, and Therapy (September 2005)
  Abstract / Summary/ Evidence Report

Obesity, Pharmacological and Surgical Treatment (July 2004)
  Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report / Clinician's Aid

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Nerve and Brain Conditions

Age-Related Neurodegenerative Disorders, B Vitamins and Berries (April 2006)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

Dementia, Pharmacological Treatment (April 2004)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Epilepsy, Management of Newly Diagnosed Patients (February 2001)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Headache, Treatment (February 1999)
   Overview
2.1. Chronic Headache
Technical Review
2.2. Migraine Headache, Behavioral and Physical Treatments
   Technical Review
2.3. Migraine Headache, Drug Treatments
   Technical Review
2.4. Acute Migraine Headache, Self-Administered Drug Treatments
   Technical Review
2.5. Acute Migraine Headache, Parenteral Drug Treatments
   Technical Review

Paralyzed Persons, Prevention and Management of Urinary Complications (January 1999)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report / Selected Publications

Parkinson's Disease, Diagnosis and Treatment (June 2003)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Sleep Apnea, Diagnosis (December 1998)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report / Selected Publications

Spinal Cord Injury, Neurogenic/Neuropathic Pain (September 2001)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Spinal Cord Injury, Pulmonary Disease (June 2001)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Spinal Cord Injury, Sexuality and Reproductive Health (December 2004)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Spinal Stenosis, Degenerative Lumbar Treatment (March 2001)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Stroke, Management Effectiveness (July 2002)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Traumatic Brain Injury, Rehabilitation (December 1998)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report / Selected Publications

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Obstetric and Gynecologic Conditions

Adnexal Mass (February 2006)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

Cervical Cytology (January 1999)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report / Selected Publications

Breastfeeding, Maternal and Infant Health Outcomes (April 2007)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

Cesarean Delivery on Maternal Request (March 2006)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

Episiotomy Use in Obstetrical Care (May 2005)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Hypertension During Pregnancy (August 2000)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Menopause-Related Symptoms, Management (March 2005)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Ovarian Cancer, Genomic Tests for Detection and Management (October 2006)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

Perinatal Depression: Prevalence and Screening (February 2005)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Preterm Labor, Management (January 1999)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Prolonged Pregnancy (March 2002)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Uterine Fibroids (January 2001)
   Abstract / Summary /Evidence Report

Uterine Fibroids—Update (July 2007)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

Vaginal Birth After Cesarean (March 2003)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

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Oral and Gastrointestinal Disorders

Celiac Disease (June 2004)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Dental Caries, Diagnosis and Management (February 2001)
  Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Dental Patients Who Are HIV Positive (February 2001)
  Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) (March 2001)
  Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Hepatitis C (June 2002)
  Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Periodontitis, Scaling and Root Planing Therapy (January 2004)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Swallowing Disorders (Dysphagia) in Acute-Care Stroke Patients (March 1999)
    Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report / Selected Publications

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Pathology

Autopsy (October 2002)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

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Pediatric Conditions

Acute Sinusitis in Children, Supplement (October 2000)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Asthma, Chronic (September 2001)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Breastfeeding, Maternal and Infant Health Outcomes (April 2007)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

Bronchiolitis in Infants and Children (January 2003)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Failure to Thrive, Determining Disability in Infants and Children (March 2003)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Low Birth Weight, Determining Disability in Infants and Children (March 2003)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia (November 2002)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Otitis Media, Acute (June 2000)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report / Selected Publications

Otitis Media with Effusion, Diagnosis (June 2002)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Pediatric Anthrax, Bioterrorism Preparedness (August 2006)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

Short Stature, Determining Disability in Infants and Children (March 2003)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Toilet Training, Effectiveness of Different Methods (December 2006)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

Traumatic Brain Injury in Children and Adolescents (October 2000)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

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Skin Conditions

Acne, Management (March 2001)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Heparin, Uses Treat Burn Injury (December 2006)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

Wound Healing, Laser Treatment and Vacuum-Assisted Closure (December 2004)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

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Health Care Services

Bioterrorism

Bioterrorism Preparedness, Information Technology (June 2002)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Bioterrorism Preparedness, Regionalization (April 2004)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Bioterrorism Preparedness, Training of Clinicians (December 2001)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Mass Casualty Incident, Training Hospital Staff to Respond (April 2004)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Pediatric Anthrax, Bioterrorism Preparedness (August 2006)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

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Financing and Economic Incentives

Medicare Expenditures for Physicians' Services (October 2003)
   Clinical Focus / Technical Review

Preventive Care, Economic Incentives (August 2004)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Quality-based Purchasing, Support Strategies (July 2004)
   Abstract / Summary / Technical Review

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Information Technology

Telemedicine for the Medicare Population (February 2001)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report / Selected Publications

Telemedicine for the Medicare Population—Update (January 2006)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

Telemedicine, Supplement: Indirect Home Interventions (August 2001)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

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Quality Improvement and Patient Safety

Children With Special Health Care Needs, Care Coordination Strategies
   Abstract / Technical Review

Continuing Medical Education, Effectiveness (February 2007)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

End-of-Life Care and Outcomes (November 2004)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Literacy and Health Outcomes (January 2004)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Minority Healthcare Quality, Improvement Strategies (January 2004)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Nurse Staffing and Quality of Patient Care (March 2007)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

Patient Safety, Effects of Working Conditions (March 2003)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Patient Safety Indicators: Hospital Data (August 2002)
   Abstract / Technical Review

Patient Safety Practices, Making Health Care Safer (July 2001)
   Abstract/ Summary / Evidence Report (HSTAT; HTML)

Periodic Health Evaluation, Value (April 2006)
   Abstract / Evidence Report

Refinement of the HCUP Quality Indicators (May 2001)
   Abstract / Summary / Technical Review

Violence Prevention in Adolescents (October 2004)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Technical

Financing and Economic Incentives

Regulation of Healthcare, Costs (November 2005)
   Summary

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Methodology

Community-Based Participatory Research (August 2004)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report

Current Validity of AHRQ Clinical Practice Guidelines (September 2002)
   Abstract / Technical Review

Health Benefit Design, Consumer-Oriented Strategies for Improving (July 2007)
   Abstract / Technical Review

Rating Systems for Strength of Scientific Evidence (March 2002)
   Abstract / Summary / Evidence Report / Fact Sheet / Selected Publications

Statement of Work for Technical Analysis, Methodology (January 2006)
   Abstract / Technical Review

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Internet Citation:

Archived EPC Evidence Reports. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://archive.ahrq.gov/clinic/epcarch.htm


 

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