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Table 3. Most Common Reasons for Hospitalization for Pediatric Illness* by Age Group Compared With Adults**


Most Common Principal Diagnoses Children*
Number of hospital stays (in thousands)
Adults**
Number of hospital stays (in thousands)
< 1 Year 1-2 Years 3-5 Years 6-12 Years 13-17 Years 18+ Years
Fever of unknown origin 13          
Acute bronchitis 105 26        
Viral infections 16 8        
Urinary tract infections 18   5      
Intestinal infections 15 16 6      
Other upper respiratory infections 15 14 6      
Noninfectious gastroenteritis 12 13 6      
Fluid and electrolyte disorders 23 32 14 13    
Asthma 16 44 29 48 15  
Pneumonia 44 55 25 27 9 1,095
Epilepsy, convulsions   17 9 14    
Skin infections   7   11    
Fracture of upper limb     5 14    
Maintenance chemotherapy, radiotherapy     5 14 10  
Appendicitis       40 31  
Fracture of lower limb       11 15  
Affective disorders (primarily depression)       16 58 586
Other mental disorders         26  
Poisoning by medications and drugs         13  
Diabetes mellitus with complications         12  
Head (intracranial) injuries         12  
Hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis)           1,360
Congestive heart failure           1,023
Chest pain           792
Heart attack (myocardial infarction)           768
Irregular heartbeat (cardiac dysrhythmias)           647
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease           614
Intervertebral disc disorders, back pain           585
Stroke (cerebrovascular disease)           578

* Excluding neonates and pregnant adolescents.
** Excluding women with maternal conditions.

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