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Figure 4. Income Disparities in Preventable Hospitalizations for Chronic Conditions

Hospitalization Rates per 100,000 Population,a 2000, Residents of Higher Income Areas Relative to Residents of Areas of Incomes Below $25,000

Bar chart showing hospitalization rates for residents of higher income areas relative to residents of areas of incomes below $25,000 by chronic condition. Go to Text Description below for details.

Figure 4. Income Disparities in Preventable Hospitalizations for Chronic Conditions (Text Description)

Hospitalization Rates per 100,000 Population,a 2000, Residents of Higher Income Areas Relative to Residents of Areas of Incomes Below $25,000

1.00 = Residents of areas with median incomes below $25,000 (reference group)

Chronic Condition $25,000-$34,999 $35,000-$44,999 >$45,000
Uncontrolled diabetes without complications 0.68* 0.48* 0.26*
Short-term diabetes complications 0.73* 0.62* 0.42*
Long-term diabetes complications 0.78* 0.66* 0.47*
Diabetes-related lower extremity amputations 0.74* 0.67* 0.48*
Congestive heart failure 0.78* 0.69* 0.57*
Hypertension 0.75* 0.57* 0.38*
Angina without a procedure 0.85* 0.66* 0.48*
Adult asthma 0.71* 0.57* 0.43*
Pediatric asthma 0.77* 0.63* 0.46*
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 0.83* 0.67* 0.49*

* = statistically different at p < 0.05 relative to residents of low-income areas. Rates are adjusted by age and sex, using year 2000 as the standard population.
a Admission rate populations vary by type of condition. Diabetes, circulatory diseases, adult asthma, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease include individuals 18 years and older; pediatric asthma includes children less than 18 years of age.

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