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Figure 5. Income Disparities in Preventable Hospitalizations for Acute Conditions and Birth Outcomes

Hospitalization Rates per 100,000 Population,a 2000, Residents of Higher Income Areas Relative to Residents of Areas of Incomes Below $25,000

Bar chart showing hospitalization rates for residents of higher income areas relative to residents of areas of incomes below $25,000 by acute conditions and birth outcomes. Go to Text Description below for details.

Figure 5: Income Disparities in Preventable Hospitalizations for Acute Conditions and Birth Outcomes (Text Description)

Hospitalization Rates per 100,000 Population,a 2000, Residents of Higher Income Areas Relative to Residents of Areas of Incomes Below $25,000

1.00 = Residents of areas with median incomes below $25,000 (reference group)

Condition $25,000-$34,999 $35,000-$44,999 >$45,000
Bacterial pneumonia 0.90* 0.73* 0.59*
Dehydration 0.92* 0.79* 0.67*
Urinary tract infections 0.91* 0.76* 0.66*
Perforated appendix 0.96 0.98 0.95*
Pediatric gastroenteritis 0.90* 0.73* 0.56*
Low-weight births 0.89* 0.87* 0.76*

* = statistically different at p < 0.05 relative to residents of low-income areas. Rates are adjusted by age and sex, using year 2000 as the standard population.
a Admission rate populations vary by type of condition. Bacterial pneumonia, dehydration, urinary tract infections, and perforated appendix include individuals of all ages; pediatric gastroenteritis includes children less than 18 years of age; low-weight births include neonates only.

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