Skip Navigation U.S. Department of Health and Human Services www.hhs.gov
Agency for Healthcare Research Quality www.ahrq.gov
Archive print banner

Kentucky State Case Study

This information is for reference purposes only. It was current when produced and may now be outdated. Archive material is no longer maintained, and some links may not work. Persons with disabilities having difficulty accessing this information should contact us at: https://info.ahrq.gov. Let us know the nature of the problem, the Web address of what you want, and your contact information.

Please go to www.ahrq.gov for current information.


On January 17, 2008, Trudi Matthews gave a presentation regarding Kentucky State's experience using AHRQ's Diabetes Guide and Workbook, HCUP data, and Preventable Hospitalization Costs: A County-Level Mapping Tool to support the State's quality improvement efforts. This is the text version of the event's slide presentation. Please select the following link to access the slides: (PowerPoint® File, 2.6 MB; PDF File, 1.9 MB; PDF Help).

Slides: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24


Slide 1: Transparency for Quality Improvement Efforts in the Commonwealth of Kentucky

Trudi Matthews, MA
AHRQ State Health Care Quality
Improvement Workshop
Phoenix, AZ
January 17, 2008

The slide is blue with a background of an artistic image of the head of a horse. A logo for Kentucky is at the bottom of the slide. The logo consists of the word "Kentucky" and beneath it is the phrase, "Unbridled Spirit." On the top of the word "Kentucky" is the artistic image of the horse head.

The presentation uses a template with a blue header, a white background, and a footer with the Kentucky logo.

Top of Page


Slide 2: Kentucky Legislation and Policy

  • 2005 law (HB 278): Secretary's Advisory Committee on Transparency
  • Transparency: 2006 law (HB 380) on public release of cost and quality data
  • Health Care Information Center Website:
     — Launched March 2007
     — Data on avoidable hospitalizations & inpatient quality
     — Consumers can compare KY hospitals on quality
     — http://chfs.ky.gov/ohp/healthdata/Exit Disclaimer

Top of Page


Slide 3: Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services

A screenshot is shown of the Web page for the Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services. The Web page displayed is about the Health Care Information Center. On the screen shot, the header of the Web page consists of the phrase, "Kentucky, Cabinet for Health and Family Services" and the image of two children walking-each with their arm around the other's shoulder. The left side of the page contains links on the Website, and in the center of the page is a description of the Health Care Information Center. An image of a female physician with a stethoscope is on the right side of the page.

Top of Page


Slide 4: How did KY Staff use the AHRQ Tools?

  • AHRQ Diabetes Guide and Workbook helped direct staff to:
     — Look at chronic diseases & focus on diabetes
     — Assemble most recent data in formats of the Diabetes Guide
     — Be productive in the analysis phase
     — Interpret data with better understanding

Top of Page


Slide 5: Data Sources

The Kentucky CHFS collects:

  • UB-92 inpatient records:
     — 600,000 per year
     — All Kentucky hospitals
  • Outpatient surgery records:
     — Hospital-based
     — Some ambulatory surgery centers
  • Public Health Data - BRFSS, Vital Statistics, etc.
  • Medicaid & State employee claims - Deidentified

To the right of the UB-92 inpatient records and Outpatient surgery records bullet points is a bracket that includes the following points:

  • Procedures & Diagnoses
  • Volume
  • Length of stay
  • Charges
  • HCUP Partner

Top of Page


Slide 6: Quality Measures

  • Non-proprietary consensus-based sources:
     — AHRQ: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
     — CMS: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
     — JCAHO: Joint Commission for Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations
  • Measures:
     — Inpatient Quality Indicators
     — Patient Safety Indicators
     — Prevention Quality Indicators
     — Other (e.g., CMS Hospital Compare)

The quality indicators noted are AHRQ QIs.

Top of Page


Slide 7: Focus on Diabetes

  • Kentucky: among worst health outcomes in US:
     — 2nd highest death and disability rates
     — 6th highest obesity prevalence
  • Diabetes:
     — 7th highest adult diabetes prevalence
     — Some Eastern counties nearly double national diabetes rates

Top of Page


Slide 8: Estimated Using Ideas from the Diabetes Guide + HCUP data

The slide is a bar graph on hospital admission rates for uncontrolled diabetes in 2006. Along the x-axis is the year and along the y-axis is "Per 10,000 KY residents age 18 and over."

  • In 2002 (sample size of 1022), there were 3.3 admissions per 10,000 KY residents
  • In 2003 (sample size 1002), there were 3.2 admissions per 10,000 KY residents
  • In 2004 (sample size 902), there were 2.86 admissions per 10,000 KY residents
  • In 2005 (sample size 851) there were 2.67 admissions per 10,000 KY residents
  • In 2006 (sample size 871) there were 2.71 admissions per 10,000 KY residents

Top of Page


Slide 9: Estimated Using Ideas from the Diabetes Guide + HCUP data

The slide is a bar graph of hospital admission rates for short-term complications of diabetes. Along the x-axis is the year from 2002-2006. Along the y-axis is "per 10,000 KY residents age 18 and over."

  2002 (sample size 1887): 6.1
  2003 (sample size 2018): 6.4
  2004 (sample size 1995): 6.3
  2005 (sample size 2092): 6.6
  2006 (sample size 1997) 6.2

Top of Page


Slide 10: Estimated Using Ideas from the Diabetes Guide + HCUP data

The slide is a bar graph of hospital admission rates for long-term complications of diabetes, 2006. Along the x-axis is the year from 2002-2006. Along the y-axis is "Per 10,000 KY residents age 18 and over."

  2002 (sample size 3924): 12.7
  2003 (sample size 3909): 12.5
  2004 (sample size 3882): 12.3
  2005 (sample size 3948): 12.4
  2006 (sample size 3846) 12.0

Top of Page


Slide 11: Obtained from Diabetes Guide: KY Compared to Worst/Best-in-Class States

This slide is of a bar graph of the percentage of the population with diabetes. Along the x-axis are selected states. Along the y-axis is percentage of the population.

 — Kentucky is slightly above 5%
 — Tennessee is slightly above 6%
 — Missouri is at 5%
 — Alaska is approximately 2.7%
 — Utah is approximately 2.8%
 — Colorado is approximately 3.2%
 — Minnesota is approximately 3.3%

Top of Page


Slide 12: Obtained from the Diabetes Guide

This slide is of a bar graph of the Estimates of the Direct, Indirect and Total Cost (in billions) of the Burden of Diabetes. Along the x-axis are selected states. Along the y-axis are total costs in billions of dollars.

  • Kentucky is slightly below $3 billion total (approximately $2.2 billion in direct medical costs and approximately $700 million in indirect costs)
  • Tennessee is slightly below $5 billion total (approximately $3.7 billion in direct medical costs and $1.2 billion in indirect costs)
  • Missouri is around $4 billion total (approximately $3 billion in direct medical costs and $1 billion in indirect costs)
  • Alaska is approximately $240 million (approximately $180 million in direct medical costs and $60 million in indirect costs)
  • Utah is approximately $920 million (approximately $705 million in direct medical costs and $215 million in indirect costs)
  • Colorado is approximately $2.1 billion (approximately $1.6 billion in direct medical costs and $500 million in indirect costs)
  • Minnesota is approximately $2.4 billion (approximately $1.8 billion in direct medical costs and $600 million in indirect costs)

Top of Page


Slide 13: New Display Using Diabetes Guide Data

The slide is a bar graph of the comparison of hospital admission rates for uncontrolled diabetes for the U.S., KY, and best performing states. Rates are risk-adjusted for age and gender. Along the x-axis are selected states for the years 2002 and 2003. Along the y-axis is "per 100,000 residents age 18 and over."

2002:
USA - 25.4
Kentucky - 32.8
Colorado - 5.3
Oregon - 8.3
Utah - 6.5
Vermont - 6.0
Washington - 7.5

2003:
USA - 23.8
Kentucky - 31.7
Colorado - 5.8
Oregon - 6.4
Utah - 4.2
Vermont - 3.3
Washington - 5.9

Top of Page


Slide 14: New Display Using Diabetes Guide Data

The slide is a bar chart of the comparison of hospital admission rates for short-term complications of diabetes for the U.S., KY, and best performing states. Rates are risk-adjusted for age and gender. Along the x-axis are various states for the years 2002 and 2003. Along the y-axis is "per 100,000 residents age 18 and over."

2002:
USA - 50.9
Kentucky - 61.0
Hawaii - 31.6
Minnesota - 34.0
Nebraska - 36.0
Oregon - 40.4
Vermont - 31.0
Washington - 39.3

2003:
USA - 51.1
Kentucky - 64.6
Hawaii - 36.6
Minnesota - 35.8
Nebraska - 38.1
Oregon - 37.8
Vermont - 30.1
Washington - 40.2

Top of Page


Slide 15: New Display Using Diabetes Guide Data

The slide is a bar graph of the comparison of hospital admission rates for long-term complications of diabetes for the U.S., KY, and best-performing states. Rates are risk-adjusted for age and gender. Along the x-axis are selected states for the years 2002 and 2003. Along the y-axis is "per 100,000 residents age 18 and over."

2002:
U.S. - 113.8
Kentucky- 125.9
Colorado - 81.7
Iowa - 78.0
Nebraska - 79.5
Oregon - 74.7
Utah - 71.2
Vermont - 64.0
Washington - 67.2

2003:
U.S. - 115.4
Kentucky- 123.2
Colorado - 69.6
Iowa - 78.6
Nebraska - 69.3
Oregon - 70.2
Utah - 70.3
Vermont - 61.2
Washington - 66.9

Top of Page


Slide 16: New Display Using Diabetes Guide Data

This slide is a bar chart. Along the x-axis is breast cancer screening (mammograms) and comprehensive diabetes care (HbA1c monitoring). The bars are categorized by Fort Smith, Hot Springs, U.S. Commercial Plans, U.S. Medicaid, and AR ConnectCare. Along the y-axis is percentage.

HbA1c Testing
Kentucky: 68%
National Average: 61%
Best-In-Class Average: 82%
Healthy People 2010 Goal: 50%

Retinal Eye Examination
Kentucky: 71%
National Average: 67%
Best-In-Class Average: 81%
Healthy People 2010 Goal: 75%

Foot Examination
Kentucky: 61%
National Average: 65%
Best-In-Class Average: 82%
Healthy People 2010 Goal: 75%

Flu Vaccination
Kentucky: 36%
National Average: 37%
Best-In-Class Average: 58%
Healthy People 2010 Goal: NA

Flu vaccination and foot examination are indicated as "target areas" on the graph.

The source of the data is the BRFSS & Diabetes Guide.

Top of Page


Slide 17: New Display/Estimates Using Diabetes Guide Data

The slide is a bar graph of the percent differences between Kentucky and other averages on various preventive health measures. Along the x-axis are the preventive health measures, including HbA1c testing, retinal eye examination, foot examination, and flu vaccination. Kentucky is compared with the National average, best-in-class average, and Healthy People 2010 goal. Along the y-axis is the percentage.

HbA1c Testing
National average: 7% (better)
Best-in-class average: -14% (worse)
Healthy People 2010 goal: 17% (better)

Retinal Eye Examination
National average: 4% (better)
Best-in-class average: -10% (worse)
Healthy People 2010 goal: -4% (worse)

Foot Examination
National average: -5% (worse)
Best-in-class average: -21% (worse)
Healthy People 2010 goal: -15% (worse)

Flu Vaccination
National average: -1% (worse)
Best-in-class average: -22% (worse)

Top of Page


Slide 18: County-Level Quality Improvement Data

GIS Mapping: Using HCUP Data & AHRQ Mapping Software

Top of Page


Slide 19: Uncontrolled Diabetes Admission Rate (PQI 14) Based on Kentucky Hospital Inpatient Discharge Claims January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2006

The slide is a map of Kentucky, broken down by county. The map is color-coded to reflect the risk-adjusted rates (considering margin of error) of uncontrolled diabetes admission. Ten counties are colored green, indicating that they are "below the national average." These 10 counties include the cities of Louisville, Frankfort, and Lexington. The bulk of the counties in the state are colored yellow, indicating that the counties are comparable to the national average. Thirty counties are colored red, indicating that they are above the national average. These counties are located mostly on the eastern side of the state or on the southwestern border.

The national rate per 1,000 population (age 18 and over) is 0.22. The state rate per 1000 population (age 18 and over) is 0.27.

These data were last revised in May 2007. The source is the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, 2004, AHRQ website, http://www.qualityindicators.ahrq.gov.

Top of Page


Slide 20: Diabetes Short-Term Complications Admissions Rate (PQI 1) Based on Kentucky Hospital Inpatient Discharge Claims January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2006.

The slide is a map of Kentucky, broken down by county. The map is color-coded to reflect the risk-adjusted rates (considering margin of error) of diabetes short-term complications. Seven counties are colored green, indicating that they are "below the national average." The bulk of the counties in the state are colored yellow, indicating that the counties are comparable to the national average. Twenty-four counties are colored red, indicating that they are above the national average. These counties are located throughout the state.

The national rate per 1,000 population (age 18 and over) is 0.55. The state rate per 1000 population (age 18 and over) is 0.63.

These data were last revised in May 2007. The source is the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, 2004, AHRQ website, http://www.qualityindicators.ahrq.gov

Top of Page


Slide 21: Diabetes Long-Term Complications Admission Rate (PQI 3) Based on Kentucky Hospital Inpatient Discharge Claims January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2006

The slide is a map of Kentucky, broken down by county. The map is color-coded to reflect the risk-adjusted rates (considering margin of error) of diabetes long-term complications admissions. Just under 30 counties are colored green, indicating that they are "below the national average," none of which are on the far eastern part of the state. The bulk of the counties in the state are colored yellow, indicating that the counties are comparable to the national average. Fourteen counties are colored red, indicating that they are above the national average. These counties are located mostly on the eastern part of the state.

The national rate per 1,000 population (age 18 and over) is 1.27. The state rate per 1000 population (age 18 and over) is 1.16.

This data was last revised in May 2007. The source is the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, 2004, AHRQ website, http://www.qualityindicators.ahrq.gov

Top of Page


Slide 22: Adult Asthma Admission Rate (PQI 15) Based on Kentucky Hospital Inpatient Discharge Claims January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2006

The slide is a map of Kentucky, broken down by county. The map is color-coded to reflect the risk-adjusted rates (considering margin of error) of adult asthma admission. About 20 counties are colored green, indicating that they are "below the national average," located primarily in the northern part of the state. About half of the counties in the state are colored yellow, indicating that the counties are comparable to the national average. About one-third of the counties are colored red, indicating that they are above the national average.

The national rate per 1000 population (age 18 and over) is 1.21. The state rate per 1000 population (age 18 and over) is 1.46.

This data was last revised in May 2007. The source is the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, 2004, AHRQ website, http://www.qualityindicators.ahrq.gov

Top of Page


Slide 23: Conclusion

  • Kentucky leaders committed to transparency efforts
  • Transparency (Data & Measurement) is first step to quality improvement
  • Diabetes Guides critical tool for how best to present our data
  • We need now to take more steps to facilitate quality improvement
  • The Guides give us credibility in our QI efforts

Top of Page


Slide 24: Trudi L. Matthews, MA Director of Policy & Public Relations at HealthBridge, Former Senior Policy Advisor CHFS Office of the Secretary

The slide has a photograph of Trudi L. Matthews, MA Director of Policy & Public Relations at HealthBridge, Former Senior Policy Advisor CHFS Office of the Secretary

513.247.5266
tmatthews@healthbridge.org

Top of Page

Return to Contents

The information on this page is archived and provided for reference purposes only.

 

AHRQ Advancing Excellence in Health Care