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Table 196a: Race - Mean prescription medication expenditures among persons with prescription medication expenditures, by race, United States, 1999

  Total White Black API AI/AN
Population group Mean SE Mean SE Mean SE Mean SE Mean SE
                     
Total $547 $14 $562 $15 $481 $26 $378 $59 $417 $89
                     
Age                    
    0-17 $153 $17 $165 $21 $100 $11 $80 $15 * *
    18-44 $356 $15 $366 $17 $307 $35 $293 $75 * *
    45-64 $775 $30 $778 $33 $821 $80 $562 $96 * *
    65 and over $1,071 $30 $1,073 $33 $1,046 $84 * * * *
                     
Gender                    
    Male $511 $21 $526 $23 $444 $37 $340 $70 * *
    Female $574 $15 $591 $17 $505 $36 $406 $77 * *
                     
Family incomea                    
    Negative or poor $661 $46 $690 $57 $636 $84 * * * *
    Near poor/low $558 $26 $584 $30 $430 $44 * * * *
    Middle $546 $24 $561 $26 $513 $53 $294 $59 * *
    High $510 $18 $527 $20 $344 $32 $353 $64 * *
                     
Educationb (age 18 and over)                    
    Less than high school graduate $767 $24 $780 $27 $751 $68 $631 $173 * *
    High school graduate $676 $28 $699 $31 $582 $71 * * * *
    At least some college $578 $19 $589 $20 $504 $40 $454 $102 * *
                     
Insurance coverage                    
    Under age 65                    
      Any private $411 $14 $426 $15 $320 $25 $272 $44 * *
      Public only $699 $52 $748 $69 $628 $89 * * * *
      Uninsured $275 $19 $287 $21 $195 $25 * * * *
    Age 65 and over                    
      Medicare only $1,016 $57 $1,039 $63 $899 $127 * * * *
      Medicare and private $1,083 $39 $1,064 $40 $1,289 $133 * * * *
      Medicare and other public $1,219 $93 $1,325 $119 * * * * * *
                     
Residence location                    
    MSA $536 $16 $553 $18 $468 $28 $381 $64 * *
    Non-MSA $581 $21 $589 $21 $554 $75 * * * *

aNegative or poor refers to household incomes below the Federal poverty line; near poor/low, over the poverty line to just below 200 percent of the poverty line; middle, 200 percent to just below 400 percent of the poverty line; and high, 400 percent of the poverty line and over.

bLess than high school graduate refers to fewer than 12 years of education; high school graduate, 12 years of education; and at least some college, more than 12 years of education.

*Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Key: API: Asian or Pacific Islander; AI/AN: American Indian or Alaska Native; SE: Standard error; MSA: Metropolitan Statistical Area

Note: The population categories used in this table are as reported from the source of the data (see below).

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey.

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