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Table 206d: Education - Total health care expenditures paid out-of-pocket, by education,a United States, 1999

  Total Less than high school graduate High school graduate At least some college
Population group Percent SE Percent SE Percent SE Percent SE
Total 18.9 0.6 14.2 0.8 18.6 0.9 21.9 1.0
Age                
    0-17 * * * * * * * *
    18-44 19.5 1.1 16.2 1.8 17.9 1.5 21.5 1.7
    45-64 21.3 0.9 16.1 1.8 20.3 1.8 24.3 1.5
    65 and over 16.5 0.8 12.6 1.1 17.8 1.4 19.7 1.8
Gender                
    Male 17.6 0.9 12.4 1.2 18.3 1.8 20.3 1.3
    Female 19.8 0.8 15.6 1.1 18.8 1.0 23.0 1.5
Race                
    White 19.7 0.6 14.9 0.9 19.4 1.0 22.6 1.1
    Black 12.7 1.2 11.4 1.4 12.1 1.8 15.0 2.8
    Asian or Pacific Islander 21.2 1.9 20.5 5.3 21.4 5.3 21.5 2.4
    American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * * * *
Ethnicity                
    Non-Hispanic 19.1 0.6 14.5 1.0 18.6 1.0 22.0 1.1
      White 19.9 0.7 15.4 1.1 19.3 1.0 22.6 1.2
      Black 12.9 1.2 11.4 1.5 12.4 1.9 15.1 2.9
    Hispanic 16.1 1.3 12.3 1.4 19.0 3.0 21.3 2.4
Family incomeb                
    Negative or poor 13.6 1.3 9.3 1.2 15.1 2.3 23.6 3.6
    Near poor/low 16.2 1.0 13.6 1.4 16.3 1.7 20.9 3.1
    Middle 19.2 1.1 16.9 1.6 19.7 1.6 20.2 2.1
    High 21.8 1.0 19.7 2.4 20.3 1.7 22.9 1.2
Insurance coverage                
    Under age 65                
      Any private 20.6 0.8 15.6 1.2 20.0 1.4 22.0 1.2
      Public only 10.4 1.2 10.3 1.5 9.5 1.8 * *
      Uninsured 47.1 7.6 * * 45.4 5.9 71.2 4.2
    Age 65 and over                
      Medicare only 19.0 1.8 16.9 2.4 18.3 2.7 23.8 3.8
      Medicare and private 17.6 1.1 13.9 1.8 18.3 1.6 19.8 2.1
      Medicare and other public 6.8 1.0 5.6 0.9 * * * *
Residence location                
    MSA 19.6 0.7 14.6 1.1 19.4 1.1 22.3 1.2
    Non-MSA 20.6 1.0 16.1 1.2 21.8 1.5 23.4 2.0

aPersons age 18 and over. Less than high school graduate refers to fewer than 12 years of education; high school graduate, 12 years of education; and at least some college, more than 12 years of education.

bNegative or poor refers to household incomes below the Federal Poverty line; near poor/low, over the poverty line to just below 200 percent of the poverty line; middle, 200 percent to just below 400 percent of the poverty line; and high, 400 percent of the poverty line and over.

*Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Key: SE: Standard error; MSA: Metropolitan Statistical Area

Note: The population categories used in this table are as reported from the source of the data (see below).

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey.

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