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Table 209c: Income - Dental expenditures paid out-of-pocket, by family income,a United States, 1999

  Total Negative/poor Near poor/low Middle High
Population group Percent SE Percent SE Percent SE Percent SE Percent SE
Total 50.2 1.2 45.3 3.8 55.3 2.9 50.2 1.9 49.8 1.7
Age                    
    0-17 44.5 2.3 * * 40.3 5.1 44.9 3.7 47.3 3.3
    18-44 44.0 1.5 46.6 5.6 51.5 4.2 43.1 2.6 42.4 2.0
    45-64 50.1 1.7 56.5 6.1 50.7 7.1 48.2 3.1 50.2 2.2
    65 and over 76.1 2.5 * * 83.0 3.6 78.3 4.2 72.5 3.9
Gender                    
    Male 49.7 1.7 33.2 5.1 54.0 4.4 53.0 3.2 48.8 2.3
    Female 50.6 1.3 54.2 4.3 56.1 3.6 47.9 1.9 50.6 1.9
Race                    
    White 51.6 1.3 47.5 4.1 56.5 3.0 50.9 2.2 51.5 1.7
    Black 36.5 3.3 27.2 6.6 44.7 9.2 45.9 7.1 29.8 3.6
    Asian or Pacific Islander 41.4 5.2 * * * * 46.1 5.9 36.8 9.8
    American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * * * * * *
Ethnicity                    
    Non-Hispanic 50.3 1.3 45.6 4.1 55.7 3.3 50.5 2.1 49.8 1.7
      White 51.7 1.3 48.1 4.5 57.2 3.4 51.0 2.4 51.5 1.8
      Black 36.6 3.3 26.6 6.8 44.1 9.4 47.0 7.2 29.7 3.6
    Hispanic 48.8 2.8 42.4 5.8 52.9 5.3 47.8 4.3 49.5 5.1
Educationb (age 18 and over)                    
    Less than high school graduate 56.5 4.3 40.6 7.6 54.5 7.6 60.0 5.9 59.2 8.9
    High school graduate 52.2 2.1 52.1 6.1 57.1 4.5 53.7 3.8 50.0 2.7
    At least some college 51.3 1.6 65.0 3.9 70.3 4.9 48.8 2.7 50.0 1.9
Insurance coverage                    
    Under age 65                    
      Any private 45.4 1.3 50.8 4.6 47.9 3.7 42.9 2.0 46.0 1.7
      Public only 24.7 4.2 18.3 4.7 * * * * * *
      Uninsured 84.0 3.1 * * 80.2 7.3 80.6 5.9 86.5 4.4
    Age 65 and over                    
      Medicare only 92.1 2.0 * * * * * * * *
      Medicare and private 71.2 2.9 * * 79.5 5.2 74.2 5.6 66.9 3.5
      Medicare and other public * * * * * * * * * *
Residence location                    
    MSA 49.3 1.3 46.7 3.9 54.9 3.4 48.4 2.0 49.2 1.8
    Non-MSA 55.3 2.2 40.1 8.2 56.4 5.6 59.5 4.6 54.6 2.5

aNegative or poor refers to household incomes below the Federal poverty line; near poor/low, over the poverty line to just below 200 percent of the poverty line; middle, 200 percent to just below 400 percent of the poverty line; and high, 400 percent of the poverty line and over.

bLess than high school graduate refers to fewer than 12 years of education; high school graduate, 12 years of education; and at least some college, more than 12 years of education.

*Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Key: SE: Standard error; MSA: Metropolitan Statistical Area

Note: The population categories used in this table are as reported from the source of the data (see below).

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey.

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