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Table 209d: Education - Dental expenditures paid out-of-pocket, by education,a United States, 1999

  Total Less than high school graduate High school graduate At least some college
Population group Percent SE Percent SE Percent SE Percent SE
Total 52.2 1.2 56.5 4.3 52.2 2.1 51.3 1.6
Age                
    0-17 * * * * * * * *
    18-44 44.0 1.5 45.5 4.1 45.6 2.8 43.0 1.9
    45-64 50.0 1.7 45.6 5.6 47.6 2.7 51.8 2.2
    65 and over 76.3 2.5 80.8 6.3 75.2 3.8 75.1 3.2
Gender                
    Male 51.2 1.9 56.6 6.1 48.6 3.4 51.3 2.4
    Female 53.1 1.4 56.4 5.6 54.9 2.3 51.3 1.8
Race                
    White 53.7 1.3 57.9 4.7 53.5 2.2 53.0 1.7
    Black 38.2 2.9 48.5 9.8 33.0 4.5 37.8 3.5
    Asian or Pacific Islander 42.8 6.5 * * * * 34.0 5.7
    American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * * * *
Ethnicity                
    Non-Hispanic 52.2 1.3 57.3 4.7 52.3 2.2 51.2 1.6
      White 53.7 1.4 59.1 5.3 53.6 2.3 52.8 1.7
      Black 38.2 2.9 48.8 9.9 32.5 4.4 38.1 3.5
    Hispanic 52.1 3.3 50.2 5.9 52.1 6.0 53.3 5.2
Family incomeb                
    Negative or poor 54.9 3.6 40.6 7.6 52.1 6.1 65.0 3.9
    Near poor/low 60.6 3.3 54.5 7.6 57.1 4.5 70.3 4.9
    Middle 52.4 2.1 60.0 5.9 53.7 3.8 48.8 2.7
    High 50.6 1.7 59.2 8.9 50.0 2.7 50.0 1.9
Insurance coverage                
    Under age 65                
      Any private 45.2 1.2 42.7 3.2 44.8 2.0 45.7 1.7
      Public only 35.4 6.2 * * * * * *
      Uninsured 86.4 2.8 90.7 4.9 83.0 5.0 85.9 4.3
    Age 65 and over                
      Medicare only 92.1 2.0 * * * * 88.6 3.1
      Medicare and private 71.3 2.9 76.1 8.1 67.0 4.5 72.2 3.5
      Medicare and other public * * * * * * * *
Residence location                
    MSA 51.2 1.4 56.0 4.9 51.2 2.4 50.2 1.7
    Non-MSA 58.1 2.2 60.4 5.8 56.5 3.6 58.8 3.2

aPersons age 18 and over. Less than high school graduate refers to fewer than 12 years of education; high school graduate, 12 years of education; and at least some college, more than 12 years of education.

bNegative or poor refers to household incomes below the Federal poverty line; near poor/low, over the poverty line to just below 200 percent of the poverty line; middle, 200 percent to just below 400 percent of the poverty line; and high, 400 percent of the poverty line and over.

*Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Key: SE: Standard error; MSA: Metropolitan Statistical Area

Note: The population categories used in this table are as reported from the source of the data (see below).

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey.

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