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Table 210c: Income - Emergency room expenditures paid out-of-pocket, by family income,a United States, 1999

  Total Negative/poor Near poor/low Middle High
Population group Percent SE Percent SE Percent SE Percent SE Percent SE
Total 13.7 1.2 10.5 2.6 20.5 3.3 12.8 2.6 12.2 1.6
Age                    
    0-17 12.0 2.0 * * 20.0 5.4 10.3 2.3 13.9 2.9
    18-44 18.6 2.7 20.5 5.3 27.4 5.4 20.3 5.8 13.0 3.1
    45-64 14.5 1.7 * * * * 13.9 2.6 14.7 2.7
    65 and over 6.1 1.8 * * * * 2.7 0.7 * *
Gender                    
    Male 12.4 1.2 15.0 4.1 17.1 3.6 10.9 1.6 10.8 1.9
    Female 14.9 2.0 * * 23.5 4.8 * * 13.9 2.1
Race                    
    White 13.7 1.4 11.6 3.3 19.4 3.4 13.2 3.0 12.3 1.7
    Black 12.8 2.8 * * * * 12.4 3.5 * *
    Asian or Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
    American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * * * * * *
Ethnicity                    
    Non-Hispanic 13.7 1.3 11.6 2.4 19.5 3.5 13.0 2.8 12.4 1.6
      White 13.9 1.4 13.7 3.0 18.2 3.5 13.2 3.2 12.8 1.8
      Black 12.5 2.9 * * * * 13.3 3.7 * *
    Hispanic 13.4 3.8 * * 25.4 7.0 11.1 2.5 * *
Educationb (age 18 and over)                    
    Less than high school graduate 14.2 3.9 13.6 3.6 12.8 3.5 * * * *
    High school graduate 14.5 1.9 * * 24.5 6.2 11.3 2.1 12.3 2.8
    At least some college 13.6 1.7 * * * * 10.2 1.9 12.2 2.1
Insurance coverage                    
    Under age 65                    
      Any private 12.1 1.1 * * 16.0 3.0 10.4 1.2 12.9 1.8
      Public only 6.0 1.6 * * * * * * * *
      Uninsured 60.8 6.7 * * * * * * * *
    Age 65 and over                    
      Medicare only * * * * * * * * * *
      Medicare and private * * * * * * * * * *
      Medicare and other public * * * * * * * * * *
Residence location                    
    MSA 13.1 1.4 * * 19.2 4.0 12.9 3.3 11.6 1.4
    Non-MSA 16.9 2.6 * * 28.4 6.4 13.6 2.5 * *

aNegative or poor refers to household incomes below the Federal poverty line; near poor/low, over the poverty line to just below 200 percent of the poverty line; middle, 200 percent to just below 400 percent of the poverty line; and high, 400 percent of the poverty line and over.

bLess than high school graduate refers to fewer than 12 years of education; high school graduate, 12 years of education; and at least some college, more than 12 years of education.

*Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Key: SE: Standard error; MSA: Metropolitan Statistical Area

Note: The population categories used in this table are as reported from the source of the data (see below).

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey.

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