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Table 71a: Postoperative respiratory failure per 1,000 elective surgical discharges, by race/ethnicity, selected States, 2000*

Population group Total Non-Hispanic Hispanic (of any race)
White African American API
Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE
                     
Total, 16 Statesb 4.011 0.043 3.792 0.050 5.038 0.130 4.733 0.332 4.552 0.141
                     
Age groups for conditions affecting any age                    
0-17 2.761 0.238 2.235 0.303 3.122 0.717 5.222 1.504 3.856 0.529
18-44 1.502 0.086 1.251 0.105 2.494 0.219 1.350 0.626 1.642 0.252
45-64 2.577 0.082 2.410 0.093 3.812 0.260 3.234 0.602 2.665 0.290
65 and over 4.460 0.090 4.170 0.096 5.752 0.393 6.017 0.829 6.475 0.385
                     
Age groups for conditions affecting primarily elderly                    
65-69 3.616 0.165 3.469 0.181 4.291 0.643 4.963 1.410 4.262 0.643
70-74 4.222 0.165 3.978 0.178 4.798 0.715 6.007 1.522 5.630 0.680
75-79 4.759 0.182 4.400 0.194 5.318 0.877 7.703 1.593 8.953 0.825
80-84 5.548 0.253 4.968 0.267 11.108 1.285 8.472 2.644 9.247 1.307
85 and over 5.295 0.379 4.923 0.400 9.420 1.801 0.111 4.245 8.323 1.903
                     
Gender                    
Male 4.068 0.081 3.806 0.091 5.254 0.289 5.411 0.673 4.981 0.271
Female 3.501 0.052 3.303 0.061 4.470 0.149 3.916 0.384 3.850 0.169
                     
Median income of patient ZIP Code                    
Less than $25,000 4.901 0.209 4.113 0.296 6.016 0.428 9.432 2.338 5.806 0.459
$25,000-$34,999 4.191 0.099 3.955 0.118 5.207 0.262 5.653 1.219 4.504 0.289
$35,000-$44,999 4.243 0.089 4.095 0.104 4.950 0.254 5.691 0.844 4.427 0.277
$45,000 or more 3.743 0.059 3.579 0.066 4.657 0.200 4.185 0.380 4.299 0.217
                     
Residence location                    
MSA 4.057 0.047 3.845 0.054 4.965 0.137 4.769 0.335 4.540 0.145
Non-MSA 3.753 0.115 3.531 0.124 5.620 0.412 2.871 2.587 4.717 0.559

*Excludes patients with respiratory disease, patients with circulatory disease, and obstetric or neonatal admissions.

aRates are adjusted by age, gender, age-gender interactions, comorbidities, and DRG clusters.

bThe 16 States are: Arizona, California, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and Wisconsin.

Key: API: Asian or Pacific Islander; SE: Standard error; MSA: Metropolitan Statistical Area

Note: The population categories used in this table are as reported from the source of the data (see below).

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient Databases, 16-State database.

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