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Table 81a: Birth trauma injury per 1,000 selected live births, by race/ethnicity, selected States, 2000*

      Non-Hispanic    
  Total White African American API Hispanic (of any race)
Population group Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE
                     
Total, 16 Statesb 7.350 0.054 8.224 0.075 7.613 0.142 7.541 0.260 5.535 0.109
                     
Gender                    
Male 7.435 0.079 8.453 0.110 7.556 0.210 7.450 0.381 5.469 0.160
Female 5.798 0.081 6.519 0.113 6.209 0.214 6.175 0.395 4.140 0.164
                     
Median income of patient ZIP Code                    
Less than $25,000 5.131 0.214 6.931 0.435 7.586 0.403 7.678 1.700 2.497 0.335
$25,000-$34,999 5.993 0.118 6.498 0.178 7.221 0.265 5.575 0.901 4.561 0.217
$35,000-$44,999 6.691 0.109 7.265 0.158 7.356 0.275 7.055 0.586 5.418 0.208
$45,000 or more 8.551 0.077 9.201 0.099 8.188 0.250 7.912 0.312 7.228 0.178
                     
Residence location                    
MSA 7.532 0.057 8.569 0.081 7.629 0.149 7.602 0.262 5.700 0.111
Non-MSA 5.862 0.165 6.228 0.195 7.454 0.467 3.530 2.146 2.954 0.494

*Excludes preterm and osteogenesis imperfecta births.

aRates are adjusted by age, gender, age-gender interactions, comorbidities, and DRG clusters.

bThe 16 States are: Arizona, California, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and Wisconsin.

Key: API: Asian or Pacific Islander; SE: Standard error; MSA: Metropolitan Statistical Area

Note: The population categories used in this table are as reported from the source of the data (see below).

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient Databases, 16-State database.

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