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National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2004

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Racial and Ethnic Differences

Table 2.1a. Racial and Ethnic Differences in Effectiveness of Care: Cancer

Measure Racial Differencei Ethnic Differenceii
Black Asian NHOPI AI/AN >1 Race Hispanic
Cancer Screeningiii
Rate of breast cancers diagnosed at late stage = iii  
Rate of cervical cancers diagnosed at late stage =iii  
Rate of colorectal cancers diagnosed at late stage =iii  
Cancer Treatmentiv
Cancer deaths per 100,000 population per year for all cancers iv  
Cancer deaths per 100,000 male population per year for prostate cancer iv  
Cancer deaths per 100,000 female population per year for breast cancer iv  
Cancer deaths per 100,000 population per year for lung cancer iv  
Cancer deaths per 100,000 population per year for colorectal cancer iv  

Table 2.1b. Socioeconomic Differences in Effectiveness of Care: Cancer

Measure Income Differencev Educational Differencevi Insurance Differencevii
<100% 100-199% 200-399% <HS HS Grad Uninsured
Cancer Treatmentiv
Cancer deaths per 100,000 population per year for all cancers        
Cancer deaths per 100,000 male population per year for prostate cancer        
Cancer deaths per 100,000 female population per year for breast cancer       =  
Cancer deaths per 100,000 population per year for lung cancer        
Cancer deaths per 100,000 population per year for colorectal cancer        

iCompared with whites.
iiCompared with non-Hispanic whites.
iiiSource: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2002. This source categorizes race/ethnicity very differently from other sources. Race/ethnicity information is categorized as a single item: non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, Asian or Pacific Islander. These contrasts compare each group with non-Hispanic whites.
ivSource: National Vital Statistics System-Mortality, 2001. This source did not collect information on Asians and NHOPIs separately but in aggregate as Asian or Pacific Islander. This source did not collect information for >1 race.
vCompared with persons with family incomes 400% of Federal poverty thresholds or above.
viCompared with persons with any college education.
viiCompared with persons under 65 with any private health insurance.

Key: NHOPI=Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander; AI/AN=American Indian or Alaska Native.

Key to Symbols Used in Quality of Health Care Tables:
=: Group and comparison group receive about same quality of health care or have similar outcomes.
↑Group receives better quality of health care than the comparison group or has better outcomes.
↓Group receives poorer quality of health care than the comparison group or has worse outcomes.
Blank cell: Reliable estimate for group could not be made.

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