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National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2004

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Racial and ethnic differences

Table 2.5a. Racial and Ethnic Differences in Effectiveness of Care: HIV and AIDS

Measure Racial Differencei Ethnic Differenceii
Black Asian NHOPI AI/AN >1 Race Hispanic
AIDS Prevention
New AIDS cases per 100,000 population 13 and overiii iii iii  
Management of HIV
HIV-infection deaths per 100,000 populationiv iv =  

Table 2.5b. Racial and Ethnic Differences in Effectiveness of Care: HIV and AIDS

Measure Income Differencev Educational Differencevi Insurance Differencevii
<100% 100-199% 200-399% <HS HS Grad Uninsured
Management of HIV
HIV-infection deaths per 100,000 populationiv        

iCompared with whites.
iiCompared with non-Hispanic whites.
iiiSource: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2002. This source categorizes race/ethnicity very differently from other sources. Race/ethnicity information is categorized as a single item: non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, Asian or Pacific Islander. These contrasts compare each group with non-Hispanic whites.
ivSource: National Vital Statistics System-Mortality, 2001. This source did not collect information on Asians and NHOPIs separately but in aggregate as Asian or Pacific Islander. This source did not collect information for >1 race.
vCompared with persons with family incomes 400% of Federal poverty thresholds or above. viCompared with persons with any college education.
viiCompared with persons under 65 with any private health insurance.

Key: NHOPI=Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander; AI/AN=American Indian or Alaska Native.

Key to Symbols Used in Quality of Health Care Tables:
=: Group and comparison group receive about same quality of health care or have similar outcomes.
↑Group receives better quality of health care than the comparison group or has better outcomes.
↓Group receives poorer quality of health care than the comparison group or has worse outcomes.
Blank cell: Reliable estimate for group could not be made.

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