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National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2004

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Racial and Ethnic Differences

Table 2.6a. Racial and Ethnic Differences in Effectiveness of Care: Maternal and Child Health

Measure Racial Differencei Ethnic Differenceii
Black Asian NHOPI AI/ AN >1 Race Hispanic
Maternity Careiii
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care in first trimester =  
Live - born infants with low birth weight (<2,500 grams) = = =   =
Live - born infants with very low birth weight (<1,500 grams ) =   =
Infant mortality per 1,000 live births, all   =
Infant mortality per 1,000 live births, birth weight >2,499 grams =  
Infant mortality per 1,000 live births, birth weight 1,500-2,499 grams =    
Infant mortality per 1,000 live births, birth weight <1,500 grams = = =   =
Maternal deaths per 100,000 live births        
Immunization, Childhoodiv
Children 19-35 months who received all recommended vaccines =  
Children 19-35 months who received 4 doses of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTaP) vaccine =  
Children 19-35 months who received 3 doses of polio vaccine = = = = =
Children 19-35 months who received 1 dose of measles- mumps- rubella vaccine = = =
Children 19-35 months who received 3 doses of H. influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine = = =
Children 19-35 months who received 3 doses of hepatitis B vaccine =   =
Children 19-35 months who received 1 dose of varicella vaccine =   = =
Immunization, Adolescentv
Adolescents (13-15) who received 3 or more doses of hepatitis B vaccine =       = =
Adolescents (13-15) who received 2 or more doses of measles-mumps-rubella vaccine       =
Adolescents (13-15) who received 1 or more doses of diphtheria-tetanus booster =       = =
Adolescents (13-15) who received 1 or more doses of varicella vaccine =         =

iCompared with whites.
iiCompared with non-Hispanic whites.
iii Source: National Vital Statistics System, 2001. This source did not collect information for >1 race.
ivSource: National Immunization Survey, 2002.
vSource: National Health Interview Survey, 2001.

Key: NHOPI=Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander; AI/AN=American Indian or Alaska Native


Table 2.6a. Racial and Ethnic Differences in Effectiveness of Care: Maternal and Child Health (continued)

Measure Racial Differencei Ethnic Differenceii
Black Asian NHOPI AI/ AN >1 Race Hispanic
Treatment of Pediatric Gastroenteritisiii
Hospital admissions for pediatric gastroenteritis per 100,000 population =iii iii     =
Childhood Screening and Counselingiv
Children who had their height and weight measured by a doctor or other health provider = =iv  
Children 2-17 with advice about physical activity = =iv   =
Children 2-17 with advice about eating healthy = =iv  
Children 3-6 with a vision check      
Children with advice to parent or guardian about smoking in the house = iv =  
Children 0-40 lbs with advice to parent or guardian about using child car safety seats =       =
Children 40-80 lbs with advice to parent or guardian about using booster seats =       =
Children over 80 lbs with advice to parent or guardian about using lap and shoulder belts = =iv     =
Children 2-17 with advice about using helmets = =iv   =
Childhood Dental Careiv
Children 2-17 with a dental visit iv  

iCompared with whites.
iiCompared with non-Hispanic whites.
iiiSource: HCUP State Inpatient Databases disparities analysis file, 2001. This source categorizes race/ethnicity very differently from other sources.
Race/ethnicity information is categorized as a single item: Non-Hispanic white, Non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, Asian or Pacific Islander. These contrasts compare each group with non-Hispanic whites.
ivSource: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, 2001. This source did not collect information on Asians and NHOPIs separately but in aggregate. This source did not collect information for >1 race.

Key: NHOPI=Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander; AI/AN=American Indian or Alaska Native

Key to Symbols Used in Quality of Health Care Tables:

=: Group and comparison group receive about same quality of health care or have similar outcomes.
↑ Group receives better quality of health care than the comparison group or has better outcomes.
↓ Group receives poorer quality of health care than the comparison group or has worse outcomes.
Blank cell: Reliable estimate for group could not be made.

 

 

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