Skip Navigation U.S. Department of Health and Human Services www.hhs.gov
Agency for Healthcare Research Quality www.ahrq.gov
Archive print banner
National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2004

This information is for reference purposes only. It was current when produced and may now be outdated. Archive material is no longer maintained, and some links may not work. Persons with disabilities having difficulty accessing this information should contact us at: https://info.ahrq.gov. Let us know the nature of the problem, the Web address of what you want, and your contact information.

Please go to www.ahrq.gov for current information.

Racial and ethnic differences

Table 2.8a. Racial and Ethnic Differences in Effectiveness of Care: Respiratory Diseases

Measure Racial Differencei Ethnic Differenceii
Black Asian NHOPI AI/AN >1 Race Hispanic
Influenza Immunization
High risk persons 18-64 who received influenza vaccine in past yeariii   = =
People 65 and over who received influenza vaccine in the past yeariii =      
Hospital admissions for influenza per 100,000 population 65 and overiv =iv =iv       =
Pneumococcal Immunizationiii
High risk persons 18-64 who ever received pneumococcal vaccination =       =
People 65 and over who ever received pneumococcal vaccination      
Treatment of Pneumonia
Pneumonia patients who have blood cultures taken before antibioticsv v =v =  
Pneumonia patients who receive initial antibiotic dose within 4 hours of arrivalv v v =  
Pneumonia patients who receive initial antibiotic consistent with current recommendationsv =v =v   =
Pneumonia patients who receive influenza screening or vaccinationv v =v =  
Pneumonia patients who receive pneumococcal screening or vaccinationv v =v  
Deaths per 1,000 adult admissions with pneumoniaiv =iv iv     =
Treatment of Upper Respiratory Infectionvi
Rate antibiotics prescribed at visits with a diagnosis of common cold per 10,000 population =          
Management of Asthmavii
Hospital admissions for asthma per 100,000 population under 18          
Hospital admissions for asthma per 100,000 population 18 and over          
Treatment of Tuberculosisviii
Tuberculosis patients who complete a curative course of treatment within 12 months of initiation of treatment = =viii   =

iCompared with whites.
iiCompared with non-Hispanic whites.
iiiSource: National Health Interv i ew Survey, 2001.
ivSource: HCUP State Inpatient Databases disparities analysis file, 2001. This source categorizes race/ethnicity ve ry differently from other sources. Race/ethnicity information is categorized as a single item: non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, Asian or Pacific Islander. Contrasts compare each group with non-Hispanic whites.
vSource: CMS Quality Improvement Organization program, 2001-2002. This source categorizes race/ethnicity very differently from other sources. Race/ethnicity information is categorized as a single item: non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, Asian or Pacific Islander. Contrasts compare each group with non-Hispanic whites.
viSource: National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey/National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, 2000-2001. This source did not collect information for >1 race. Missing rates preclude analysis by ethnicity
viiSource: National Hospital Discharge Survey, 2001. This source did not collect information for >1 race. Missing rates preclude analysis by ethnicity.
viiiSource: CDC National TB Surveillance System, 2000. This source did not collect information on Asians and NHOPIs separately but in aggregate as Asian or Pacific Islander. This source did not collect information for >1 race.

 

 

The information on this page is archived and provided for reference purposes only.

 

AHRQ Advancing Excellence in Health Care