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National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2004

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Racial and ethnic differences

Table 2.9a. Racial and Ethnic Differences in Effectiveness of Care: Nursing Home and Home Health Care

Measure Racial Differencei Ethnic Differenceii
Black Asian NHOPI AI/AN >1 Race Hispanic
Chronic Care in Nursing Facilitiesiii
Long- stay nursing home residents who have moderate to severe pain iii iii  
Long- stay nursing home residents who were physically restrained iii iii  
Long- stay nursing home residents who spend most of their time in bed or in a chair iii iii =  
Long- stay nursing home residents who had a urinary tract infection iii iii =  
Long- stay nursing home residents who are more depressed or anxious iii iii  
Low risk long-stay nursing home residents who lose control of their bowels or bladder =iii =iii  
Low risk long-stay nursing home residents who had a catheter inserted and left in their bladder =iii iii   =
Post-Acute Care in Nursing Facilitiesiii
Short- stay nursing home residents with delirium iii iii =  
Short- stay nursing home residents who have moderate to severe pain iii iii =  
Short- stay nursing home residents who have pressure sores iii =iii =  

Table 2.9a. Racial and Ethnic Differences in Effectiveness of Care: Nursing Home and Home Health Care (continued)

Measure Racial Differencei Ethnic Differenceii
Black Asian NHOPI AI/AN >1 Race Hispanic
Home Health Careiv
Home health care patients who get better at getting dressed = =
Home health care patients who get better at taking their medicines correctly = = = = = =
Home health care patients who get better at bathing = = = = =
Home health care patients who don't get worse at bathing = = =
Home health care patients who get better at getting in and out of bed = = = = = =
Home health care patients who get better at walking or moving around = = = =
Home health care patients who get better at going to and from the toilet = = =
Home health care patients who have less pain when moving around = = = =
Home health care patients who have less shortness of breath = = = = = =
Home health care patients who have less urinary incontinence = = = = =
Home health care patients who are confused less often = = = = = =
Home health care patients who had to be admitted to the hospital = =

iCompared with whites.
iiCompared with non-Hispanic whites.
iiiSource: CMS Minimum Data Set. This source categorizes race/ethnicity very differently from other sources. Race/ethnicity information is categorized as a single item: non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, Asian or Pacific Islander. Contrasts compare each group with non-Hispanic whites.
ivSource: CMS Outcome and Assessment Information Set, 2002.

Key: NHOPI=Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander; AI/AN=American Indian or Alaska Native

Key to Symbols Used in Quality of Health Care Tables:
=: Group and comparison group receive about same quality of health care or have similar outcomes.
↑Group receives better quality of health care than the comparison group or has better outcomes.
↓Group receives poorer quality of health care than the comparison group or has worse outcomes.
Blank cell: Reliable estimate for group could not be made.

 

 

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