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Racial and ethnic differences

Table 3.1a. Racial and Ethnic Differences in Getting Into the Health Care System

Measure Racial Differencei Ethnic Differenceii
Black Asian NHOPI AI/AN >1 Race Hispanic
Health Insurance Coverage
People under 65 with health insuranceiii = =
People under 65 with any private health insuranceiii = =
People 65 and over with any private health insuranceiii =
People uninsured all yeariv = iv =  
People with any period of uninsurance during the yeariv = =iv =  
People with any period of public insurance during the yeariv =iv  
Usual Source of Care
People who have a specific source of ongoing careiii = = = =
People in fair or poor health who have a specific source of ongoing careiii = =     =
People with a hospital, emergency room, or clinic as source of ongoing careiii =   =
People without a usual source of care who indicate a financial or insurance reason for not having a source of careiv =      
People who have a usual primary care provideriv = =iv =  
Patient Perceptions of Neediv
Families that experience difficulties or delays in obtaining health care or do not receive needed care = =iv =  
Families that experience difficulties or delays in obtaining health care due to financial or insurance reasons =       =
Families that did not receive a doctor's care or prescription medications because the family needed the money =      
Families not ve ry satisfied that they can get health care if they need it = iv =  
People who sometimes or never get appointments for routine care as soon as wanted iv =  
People who sometimes or never get care for illness or injury as soon as wanted iv    

iCompared with whites.
iiCompared with non-Hispanic whites.
iiiSource: National Health Interv i ew Survey, 2001.
ivSource: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, 2001. This source did not collect information on Asians and NHOPIs separately but in aggr egate as Asian or Pacific Islander. This source did not collect information for >1 rac
Key: NHOPI=Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander; AI/AN=American Indian or Alaska Native.

Key to Symbols Used in Quality of Health Care Tables:
=: Group and comparison group receive about same quality of health care or have similar outcomes.
↑Group receives better quality of health care than the comparison group or has better outcomes.
↓Group receives poorer quality of health care than the comparison group or has worse outcomes.
Blank cell: Reliable estimate for group could not be made.

Table 3.1b. Socioeconomic Differences in Getting Into the Health Care System

Measure Income Differencei Educational Differenceii Insurance Differenceiii
<100% 100-199% 200-399% <HS HS Grad Uninsured
Health Insurance Coverage
People under 65 with health insuranceiv  
People under 65 with any private health insuranceiv  
People 65 and over with any private health insuranceiv  
People uninsured all yearv  
People with any period of uninsurance during the yearv  
People with any period of uninsurance during the yearv  
Usual Source of Care
People who have a specific source of ongoing careiv
People in fair or poor health who have a specific source of ongoing careiv =
People with a hospital, emergency room, or clinic as source of ongoing careiv
People without a usual source of care who indicate a financial or insurance reason for not having a source of carev
People who have a usual primary care providerv =
Patient Perceptions of Needv
Families that experience difficulties or delays in obtaining health care or do not receive needed care =
Families that experience difficulties or delays due to financial or insurance reasons =
Families that did not receive a doctor's care or prescription medications because the family needed the money
Families not very satisfied that they can get health care if they need it
People who sometimes or never get appointments for routine care as soon as wanted = =
People who sometimes or never get care for illness or injury as soon as wanted = =

iCompared with persons with family incomes 400% of Federal poverty thresholds or above.
iiCompared with persons with any college education.
iiiCompared with persons under 65 with any private health insurance.
ivSource: National Health Interview Survey, 2001.
vSource: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, 2001.
Key: HS=high school

 

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