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National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2004

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Table 108a: Race/Ethnicity - Decubitus ulcers per 1000 discharges of length 5 or more days (excluding paralysis patients, patients admitted from long-term-care facilities, neonates, and obstetrical admissions), by race/ethnicity, 2001

      Non-Hispanic    
  Total White Black API Hispanic (of any race)
Population group Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE
                     
Total 24.437 0.119 21.882 0.138 36.547 0.263 18.785 0.821 25.099 0.360
                     
Age groups for conditions affecting any age                    
    0-17 4.739 0.533 5.305 0.688 3.796 1.156 * * 4.473 1.115
    18-44 2.195 0.363 2.966 0.422 * * * * * *
    45-64 10.249 0.297 9.797 0.327 13.429 0.592 * * 7.373 0.887
    65 and over 27.867 0.244 24.107 0.250 55.548 0.590 19.392 1.332 32.832 0.777
                     
Age groups for conditions affecting primarily elderly                    
    65-69 17.149 0.431 15.043 0.475 28.975 1.142 * * 15.952 1.612
    70-74 21.325 0.394 18.788 0.425 38.145 1.155 13.664 2.829 23.527 1.550
    75-79 25.834 0.381 22.249 0.404 54.525 1.198 15.279 2.720 30.737 1.610
    80-84 30.450 0.408 26.227 0.429 69.102 1.389 19.437 3.072 37.463 1.877
    85 and over 40.467 0.416 33.724 0.435 95.164 1.372 39.024 3.154 60.525 1.842
                     
Gender                    
    Male 23.956 0.172 22.282 0.201 33.364 0.377 16.948 1.150 22.572 0.492
    Female 25.129 0.173 21.976 0.197 39.060 0.368 20.757 1.168 27.616 0.528
                     
Median income of patient ZIP Code                    
    Less than $25,000 31.666 0.366 26.972 0.566 38.758 0.568 17.465 4.247 27.912 0.929
    $25,000-$34,999 23.905 0.219 20.461 0.263 35.693 0.462 21.254 2.636 24.965 0.698
    $35,000-$44,999 23.913 0.217 21.152 0.253 36.908 0.529 22.403 1.870 25.366 0.707
    $45,000 or more 23.634 0.171 22.498 0.192 35.436 0.517 17.461 0.998 23.729 0.613
                     
Residence location                    
    Metropolitan 25.623 0.128 22.989 0.151 37.179 0.274 19.604 0.863 25.439 0.370
    Micropolitan 18.815 0.345 17.465 0.374 31.058 1.141 10.027 2.708 23.866 1.857
    Non-Core 19.441 0.395 18.235 0.424 31.586 1.292 * * 13.977 2.504
                     
Location of inpatient treatment                    
    Northeast 25.203 0.226 23.171 0.266 35.049 0.522 27.228 2.191 24.641 0.759
    Midwest 22.232 0.220 18.895 0.243 40.092 0.529 22.336 3.468 18.012 2.270
    South 24.850 0.182 21.937 0.216 34.866 0.392 20.732 2.167 26.625 0.611
    West 25.508 0.265 25.088 0.340 40.141 0.854 16.610 1.002 24.276 0.550
                     
Expected payment source                    
    Private insurance 20.811 0.168 20.238 0.191 23.986 0.431 16.405 1.221 21.429 0.670
    Medicare 26.131 0.178 22.203 0.194 49.376 0.464 18.375 1.484 30.898 0.736
    Medicaid 26.619 0.243 26.892 0.354 28.779 0.420 21.817 1.659 23.481 0.563
    Other insurance 20.451 0.484 20.635 0.646 22.675 1.127 19.645 2.697 18.154 1.076
    Uninsured/self pay/no charge 19.281 0.377 18.873 0.522 20.262 0.749 24.459 3.332 18.995 0.880
                     

aRates are adjusted by age, gender, age-gender interactions, comorbidities, and DRG clusters. When reporting is by age, the adjustment is by gender, comorbidities, and DRG clusters; when reporting is by gender, the adjustment is by age, comorbidities, and DRG clusters.

* Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Key: API: Asian or Pacific Islander; SE: Standard error.

Note: The population categories used in this table are as reported from the source of the data (see below).

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, State Inpatient Databases, disparities analysis file, 2001. This file is designed to provide national estimates on disparities using weighted records from a sample of hospitals from the following 22 states: AZ, CA, CO, CT, FL, GA, HI, KS, MD, MA, MI, MO, NJ, NY, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, and WI.

 

 

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