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National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2004

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Table 144b: Adults without problems getting referral to a specialist in past year, by ethnicity, United States, 2001

      Non-Hispanic    
  Total All races White Black Hispanic
Population group Percent SE Percent SE Percent SE Percent SE Percent SE
                     
Total 79.5 0.6 81.0 0.6 82.1 0.7 77.9 1.7 62.6 1.9
                     
Age                    
    18-44 75.5 1.0 77.5 1.0 78.5 1.2 74.9 2.9 58.9 2.8
    45-64 79.5 1.0 80.6 1.0 81.7 1.0 79.0 3.4 63.5 3.0
    65 and over 86.6 1.0 87.3 1.0 88.3 1.0 84.5 4.1 73.6 4.2
                     
Gender                    
    Male 79.8 0.8 81.3 0.8 82.6 0.9 75.5 3.0 62.8 3.3
    Female 79.3 0.8 80.7 0.8 81.7 0.9 79.0 2.2 62.4 2.2
                     
Family incomea                    
    Negative or poor 68.0 2.1 69.1 2.3 70.3 2.7 66.7 4.2 62.0 4.3
    Near poor/low 75.8 1.6 78.6 1.7 80.1 1.8 77.1 4.3 57.4 3.8
    Middle 80.9 1.0 82.4 1.1 83.9 1.1 80.2 3.1 65.6 3.5
    High 82.0 0.9 82.7 0.9 83.2 0.9 82.4 3.3 64.5 4.4
                     
Educationb(age 18 and over)                    
    Less than high school graduate 75.6 1.3 79.6 1.4 81.3 1.6 76.5 4.3 58.5 2.6
    High school graduate 81.8 1.1 82.6 1.1 83.9 1.1 78.7 2.9 70.2 3.6
    At least some college 79.6 0.8 80.6 0.8 81.4 0.9 79.5 2.7 61.5 3.5
                     
Insurance coverage                    
Under age 65                    
    Any private 80.3 0.7 81.1 0.8 81.7 0.8 81.8 2.0 68.6 2.8
    Public only 65.9 2.5 67.3 2.8 69.6 3.1 67.2 5.1 58.7 5.3
    Uninsured 59.6 2.8 65.8 3.3 68.2 3.6 * * 39.7 4.4
Age 65 and over                    
    Medicare only 85.4 1.8 86.9 1.8 88.1 1.9 * * * *
    Medicare and private 88.0 1.3 88.2 1.3 88.9 1.2 * * * *
    Medicare and other public 83.0 3.1 84.0 3.7 * * * * * *
                     
Residence locationc                    
    Metropolitan-large 77.0 1.0 78.7 1.0 80.0 1.0 77.8 2.1 61.6 2.2
    Metropolitan-small 82.1 1.0 83.1 1.1 83.7 1.2 79.9 3.3 65.5 4.0
    Micropolitan 83.9 1.3 84.6 1.3 86.0 1.3 * * * *
    Noncore-adjacent 84.2 2.6 85.0 2.5 85.7 2.7 * * * *
    Noncore-rural 83.9 3.2 83.8 3.2 84.1 3.5 * * * *
                     

aNegative or poor refers to household incomes below the Federal poverty line; near poor/low, over the poverty line to just below 200 percent of the poverty line; middle, 200 percent to just below 400 percent of the poverty line; and high, 400 percent of the poverty line and over.

bLess than high school graduate refers to fewer than 12 years of education; high school graduate, 12 years of education; and at least some college, more than 12 years of education.

cSee MEPS entry in the Data Sources Appendix (Appendix A) for more information.

*Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality or confidentiality.

Key: SE: Standard error.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Center for Financing, Access and Cost Trends, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey.

 

 

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