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National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2004

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Racial and Ethnic Differences

Table 2.6b. Socioeconomic Differences in Effectiveness of Care: Maternal and Child Health

Measure Income Differencei Educational Differenceii Insurance Differenceiii
<100% 100-199% 200-399% <HS HS Grad Uninsured
Maternity Careiv
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care in first trimester        
Live-born infants with low birthweight (<2,500 grams )        
Live-born infants with very low birthweight (<1,500 grams )       =  
Infant mortality per 1,000 live births, all        
Infant mortality per 1,000 live births, birthweight >2,499 grams        
Infant mortality per 1,000 live births, birthweight 1,500-2,499 grams        
Infant mortality per 1,000 live births, birthweight <1,500 grams       = =  
Maternal deaths per 100,000 live births        
Immunization, Childhoodv
Children 19-35 months who received all recommended vaccines      
Children 19-35 months who received 4 doses of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTaP) vaccine      
Children 19-35 months who received 3 doses of polio vaccine      
Children 19-35 months who received 1 dose of measles-mumps-rubella vaccine      
Children 19-35 months who received 3 doses of H. influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine      
Children 19-35 months who received 3 doses of hepatitis B vaccine =      
Children 19-35 months who received 1 dose of varicella vaccine      
Immunization, Adolescentvi
Adolescents (13-15) who received 3 or more doses of hepatitis B vaccine = = =     =
Adolescents (13-15) who received 2 or more doses of measles-mumps-rubella vaccine =     =
Adolescents (13-15) who received 1 or more doses of tetanus-diphtheria booster = = =     =
Adolescents (13-15) who received 1 or more doses of varicella vaccine = = =     =

iCompared with persons with family incomes 400% of Federal poverty thresholds or above.
iiCompared with mothers with any college education.
iiiCompared with persons under 65 with any private health insurance.
ivSource: National Vital Statistics System, 2001. This source did not collect information for >1 race.
vSource: National Immunization Survey, 2002.
viSource: National Health Interview Survey, 2001.

Key: HS=high school


Table 2.6b. Socioeconomic Differences in Effectiveness of Care: Maternal and Child Health (continued)

Measure Income Differencei Educational Differenceii Insurance Differenceiii
<100% 100-199% 200-399% <HS HS Grad Uninsured
Childhood Screening and Counselingiv
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care in first trimester    
Children 2-17 with advice about physical activity    
Children 2-17 with advice about eating healthy    
Children 3-6 with a vision check    
Children with advice to parent or guardian about smoking in the house     =
Children 0-40 lbs with advice to parent or guardian about using child car safety seats = = =     =
Children 40-80 lbs with advice to parent or guardian about using booster seats    
Children over 80 lbs with advice to parent or guardian about using lap and shoulder belts =    
Children 2-17 with advice about using helmets    
Childhood Dental Careiv
Children 2-17 with dental visit in past year    

iCompared with persons with family incomes 400% of Federal poverty thresholds or above.
iiCompared with mothers with any college education.
iiiCompared with children with any private health insurance.
ivSource: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, 2001. This source did not collect information on Asians and NHOPIs separately but in aggregate. This source did not collect information for >1 race.

Key: HS=high school

Key to Symbols Used in Quality of Health Care Tables:
=: Group and comparison group receive about same quality of health care or have similar outcomes.
↑ Group receives better quality of health care than the comparison group or has better outcomes.
↓ Group receives poorer quality of health care than the comparison group or has worse outcomes.
Blank cell: Reliable estimate for group could not be made.

 

 

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