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National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2004

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Racial and ethnic differences

Table 2.11a. Racial and Ethnic Differences in Timeliness

Table 2.9a. Racial and Ethnic Differences in Effectiveness of Care: Nursing Home and Home Health Care (continued)

Measure Racial Differencei Ethnic Differenceii
Black Asian NHOPI AI/AN >1 Race Hispanic
Usual Source of Careiii
People who have a specific source of ongoing care = = = =
People in fair or poor health who have a specific source of ongoing care = =     =
People with a hospital, emergency room, or clinic as source of ongoing care =   =
Patient Perceptions of Their Careiv
Families that experience difficulties or delays in obtaining health care or do not receive needed care = =iv =  
Families that experience difficulties or delays in obtaining health care due to financial or insurance reasons =       =
Adults who sometimes or never can get appointment for routine care as soon as wanted iv =  
Adults who sometimes or never can get care for illness or injury as soon as wanted iv    
Clinical Timelinessv
Pneumonia patients who receive initial antibiotic dose within 4 hours of arrival v v =  
AMI patients administered aspirin within 24 hours of admission v v =  

iCompared with whites.
iiCompared with non-Hispanic whites.
iiSource: National Health Interview Survey, 2001.
ivSource: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, 2001. This source did not collect information on Asians and NHOPIs separately but in aggr egate as Asian or Pacific Islander. This source did not collect information for >1 race.
vSource: CMS Quality Improvement Organization program, 2001-2002. This source categorizes race/ethnicity ve ry differently from other sources. Race/ethnicity information is categorized as a single item: non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, Asian or Pacific Islander. Contrasts compare each group with non-Hispanic whites.
Key: NHOPI=Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander; AI/AN=American Indian or Alaska Native

Key to Symbols Used in Quality of Health Care Tables::
=: Group and comparison group receive about same quality of health care or have similar outcomes.
↑Group receives better quality of health care than the comparison group or has better outcomes.
↓Group receives poorer quality of health care than the comparison group or has worse outcomes.
Blank cell: Reliable estimate for group could not be made.

 

 

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