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12 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National diabetes fact sheet: general information and national estimates on diabetes in the United States, 2002. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2003. http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/diabetes-statistics/. Access July 6, 2010.
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17 National Diabetes Quality Improvement Alliance. National Diabetes Quality Improvement Alliance Performance Measurement Set for Adult Diabetes. Chicago, IL: NDQIA; 2003.
18 U.S. Renal Data System, USRDS 2005 Annual Data Report: Atlas of End-Stage Renal Disease in the United States. Bethesda, MD: National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases; 2005. http://www.usrds.org/atlas.htm
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21 Sehgal AR. Impact of quality improvement efforts on race and sex disparities in hemodialysis. JAMA. 2003 Feb 26;289(8):996-1000.
22 Churak JM. Racial and ethnic disparities in renal transplantation. J Natl Med Assoc. 2005 Feb;97(2):153-60.
23 American Heart Association. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics — 2005 Update. Dallas, TX: American Heart Association; 2005.
24 National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Heart disease and medications. In: Act in Time to Heart Attack Signs. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/actintime/hdm/hdm.htm Accessed May 12, 2005.
25 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention. Basic statistics. http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/stats.htm
26 Glynn M, Rhodes P. Estimated HIV prevalence in the United States at the end of 2003. 2005 National HIV Prevention Conference, Atlanta, GA, June 12-15, 2005; Abstract 595.
27 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention. A glance at the HIV/AIDS epidemic.
28 Medicaid and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Fact Sheet; September 2004.
29 Clinical management of the HIV-infected adult: a manual for midlevel clinicians. Rockville, MD: Health Resources and Services Administration; revised 2003. http://www.seatec.emory.edu/clinicalprotocols/clinical_protocols_manual2003.pdf Accessed May 11, 2005.
30 HIV and AIDS—United States, 1981-2000. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2001 Jun 1;50(21):430-4. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5021a2.htm Accessed May 11, 2005.
31 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, 2003. Vol. 15. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2004. http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/stats/2003SurveillanceReport.htm Accessed May 11, 2005.
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36 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Mental Health: Culture, Race, Ethnicity—A Supplement to Mental Health: Report of the Surgeon General. Executive Summary. Rockville MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services; 2001.
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40 Chung H, Mahler JC, Kakuma T. Racial differences in treatment of psychiatric inpatients. Psychiatr Serv. 1995 Jun;46(6):586-91.
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44 Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Matching Treatment to Patient Needs in Opioid Substitution Therapy. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; 1995. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series #20, DHHS Pub. No. (SMA) 95 -3049.
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55 National Institutes of Health. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Strategy for Addressing Health Disparities FY 2002 — 2006. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/resources/docs/plandisp.htm Accessed August 23, 2005.
56 Davis MM. Race-based immunization recommendations and the potential to reduce health disparities. JAMA. 2004 May 12;291(18):2253-55.
57 Flannery B, Schrag S, Bennett NM, et al; Active Bacterial Core Surveillance/Emerging Infections Program Network. Impact of childhood vaccination on racial disparities in invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae infections. JAMA. 2004 May 12;291(18):2197-2203.
58 American Lung Association. Pneumonia fact sheet; June 2005. http://www.lungusa.org/lung-disease/influenza/in-depth-resources/pneumonia-fact-sheet.html Accessed July 6, 2010, 2005.
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76 Schellinger PD, Warach S. Therapeutic time window of thrombolytic therapy following stroke. Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2004 Jul;6(4):288-94.
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79 Himelhoch S, Weller WE, Wu AW, et al. Chronic medical illness, depression, and use of acute medical services among Medicare beneficiaries. Med Care. 2004 Jun;42(6):512-21.
80 Caro JJ, Ward AJ, O'Brien JA. Lifetime costs of complications resulting from type 2 diabetes in the U.S. Diabetes Care. 2002 Mar;25(3):476-81.
81 Ramsey SD, Newton K, Blough D, et al. Patient-level estimates of the cost of complications in diabetes in a managed-care population. Pharmacoeconomics. 1999 Sep;16(3):285-95.
82 Mellon M, Parasuraman B. Pediatric asthma: improving management to reduce cost of care. J Manag Care Pharm. 2004 Mar-Apr;10(2):130-41.
83 Owens PL, Thompson J, Elixhauser A, Ryan K. Care of Children and Adolescents in U.S. Hospitals. HCUP Fact Book No. 4. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; 2003. http://www.ahrq.gov/data/hcup/factbk4/factbk4.pdf Accessed May 10, 2005.
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87 Anderson EB. Patient-centeredness: a new approach. Nephrol News Issues. 2002 Nov;16(12):80-2.
88 Michie S, Miles J, Weinman J. Patient-centeredness in chronic illness: what is it and does it matter? Patient Educ Couns. 2003 Nov;51(3):197-206.
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