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National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2005

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Prevention: Pneumococcal Vaccination

Vaccination is an effective strategy for reducing illness, death, and disparities associated with pneumococcal disease and influenza.56,57

Figure 2.18. Adults age 65 and over who ever had pneumococcal vaccination, by race (top), ethnicity (upper middle), income (lower middle), and education (bottom), 1999-2003.

Figure 2.18. Adults age 65 and over who ever had pneumococcal vaccination, by race (top), ethnicity (middle), income (bottom), and education (bottom), 1999-2003.

[D] Select for Full Text Description.

Figure 2.18. Adults age 65 and over who ever had pneumococcal vaccination, by race (top), ethnicity (middle), income (bottom), and education (bottom), 1999-2003.

[D] Select for Full Text Description.

Figure 2.18. Adults age 65 and over who ever had pneumococcal vaccination, by race (top), ethnicity (middle), income (bottom), and education (bottom), 1999-2003.

[D] Select for Full Text Description.

Figure 2.18. Adults age 65 and over who ever had pneumococcal vaccination, by race (top), ethnicity (middle), income (bottom), and education (bottom), 1999-2003.

[D] Select for Full Text Description.

Source: National Health Interview Survey, 1999-2003.

Reference population: Civilian noninstitutionalized population age 65 and over.

  • In all 5 years, the proportion of adults age 65 and over who ever had pneumococcal vaccine was lower among Blacks compared with Whites; Hispanics compared with non-Hispanic Whites; poor compared with high income elderly; and elderly with less than a high school education compared with elderly with any college education (Figure 2.18).
  • In 4 of the 5 years, rates were also lower among Asians compared with Whites; near poor compared with high income elderly; and high school graduates compared with elderly who had any college education.
  • From 1999 to 2003, the overall proportion of adults age 65 and over with pneumococcal vaccine improved from 49.9% to 55.7%. Improvements were observed among Whites, non-Hispanic Whites, lower income groups, and lower education groups.

Racial and ethnic minorities are disproportionately of lower socioeconomic status. To distinguish the effects of race, ethnicity, income, and education on pneumococcal vaccination, this measure is stratified by income and education level.

Figure 2.19. Adults age 65 and over who ever had pneumococcal vaccination, by race (top) and ethnicity (bottom) stratified by income, 2003

Figure 2.19. Adults age 65 and over who ever had pneumococcal vaccination, by race (top) and ethnicity (bottom) stratified by income, 2003

[D] Select for Full Text Description.

Figure 2.19. Adults age 65 and over who ever had pneumococcal vaccination, by race (top) and ethnicity (bottom) stratified by income, 2003

[D] Select for Full Text Description.

Source: National Health Interview Survey, 2003.

Reference population: Civilian noninstitutionalized population age 65 and older.

Note: Estimates not available for high income Blacks and Hispanics.

Figure 2.20. Adults age 65 and over who ever had pneumococcal vaccination, by race (top) and ethnicity (bottom) stratified by education, 2003

Figure 2.20. Adults age 65 and over who ever had pneumococcal vaccination, by race (top) and ethnicity (bottom) stratified by education, 2003

[D] Select for Full Text Description.

Figure 2.20. Adults age 65 and over who ever had pneumococcal vaccination, by race (top) and ethnicity (bottom) stratified by education, 2003

[D] Select for Full Text Description.

Source: National Health Interview Survey, 2003.

Reference population: Civilian noninstitutionalized population age 65 and older.

  • Blacks of every income and education level were less likely than Whites to report pneumococcal vaccination (Figures 2.19 and 2.20).
  • Hispanics of every income and education level were less likely than respective non-Hispanic Whites to report pneumococcal vaccination.

 

 

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