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National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2005

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Table 238c
Medicare beneficiaries age 65 and older having a flu shot in the past year, by income, 2002a
Population group Total Negative/poor Near poor/low Middle High
Percent SE Percent SE Percent SE Percent SE Percent SE
Total   68.9 0.6 58.9 1.4 67.5 0.9 70.7 0.9 74.5 1.2
Age 65 to 74 63.8 0.9 55.8 2.4 60.7 1.6 65.3 1.2 69.0 1.7
75 to 84 74.7 0.8 62.3 1.9 72.2 1.3 77.6 1.3 83.8 1.5
85 and older 73.9 1.2 61.5 3.1 74.6 1.7 76.9 2.2 83.7 2.9
Gender Male 69.0 0.8 57.8 2.4 67.5 1.5 69.4 1.3 74.4 1.6
Female 68.8 0.8 59.5 1.6 67.5 1.1 71.8 1.2 74.6 1.7
Race White 70.7 0.7 61.0 1.6 69.3 1.0 71.8 1.0 75.4 1.2
Black 55.8 1.8 54.8 3.2 57.6 3.1 51.0 4.3 67.4 6.8
AI/AN 68.1 7.5 * * * * * * * *
API 64.7 3.5 55.3 7.9 69.0 5.8 72.9 7.1 * *
Ethnicity Non-Hispanic, White 71.5 0.7 63.5 1.9 69.9 1.1 72.1 1.0 76.0 1.2
Non-Hispanic, Black 56.4 1.9 54.7 3.4 57.8 3.1 52.7 4.5 67.4 6.8
Hispanic (all races) 56.1 2.1 49.0 3.9 59.5 3.1 60.1 4.2 57.4 8.5
Health insurance Medicare and private 59.8 1.5 56.7 2.1 63.9 2.4 * * * *
Medicare and Medicaid 74.1 1.3 67.8 4.7 72.4 1.9 76.4 2.0 75.5 3.1
Medicare HMO 70.8 0.8 64.9 2.3 68.9 1.3 70.4 1.1 74.9 1.3
Medicare fee-for-service only 55.2 2.1 45.9 4.7 58.5 2.9 55.7 4.2 57.9 8.0
Residence location MSA 68.6 0.7 56.6 1.8 66.6 1.1 70.5 1.1 75.0 1.3
Non-MSA 70.0 1.2 65.3 1.8 70.2 1.4 71.5 1.7 72.0 3.3
Functional limitations No limitations 67.0 0.8 55.8 2.4 63.4 1.4 68.8 1.2 73.0 1.5
IADLs only 72.3 1.3 63.0 3.3 73.1 2.0 72.3 2.2 79.5 3.1
1-2 ADLs 71.7 1.2 63.9 2.7 69.6 1.7 75.3 2.1 78.5 3.2
3 or more ADLs 69.7 1.7 56.5 3.0 73.3 2.6 74.1 3.2 73.7 4.3
At least 1 IADL/ADL 71.5 0.8 61.6 1.9 71.5 1.2 74.0 1.4 78.1 2.2

a Full year community residents age 65 or older. Negative or poor refers to incomes below the Federal poverty line; near poor/low, over the poverty line to just below 200 percent of the poverty line; middle, 200 percent to just below 400 percent of the poverty line; and high, 400 percent of the poverty line and over.

* Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Key: API: Asian or Pacific Islander; AI/AN: American Indian or Alaska Native; MSA: Metropolitan Statistical Area; IADLs: Instrumental activities of daily living; ADLs: Activities of daily living; SE: Standard error.

Source: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey.

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