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National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2005

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Table 50
Deaths per 1000 pediatric heart surgery admissions, patients age less than 18 years (excluding obstetric admission; patients with transcatheter interventions as single cardiac procedures, performed without bypass but with catheterization; patients with septal defects as single cardiac procedures without bypass; heart transplant; premature infants with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure as only cardiac procedure; and age less than 30 days with PDA closure as only cardiac procedure; and transfers to another hospital), by race/ethnicity, United States, 2002
Population group Total Non-Hispanic Hispanic (all races)
White Black API
Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE
Total   45.3 3.3 36.8 4.4 44.3 9.4 * * 70.9 7.8
Age 0-4 45.9 3.7 36.1 4.9 45.2 10.5 * * 76.0 8.7
5-9 39.8 11.2 * * * * * * * *
10-14 48.6 12.3 53.3 15.6 * * * * * *
15-17 * * * * * * * * * *
Gender Male 46.2 4.5 39.9 5.8 * * * * 69.0 10.6
Female 44.2 5.0 32.6 6.7 49.1 12.8 * * 73.2 11.6
Median income of patient's ZIP Code Less than $25,000 50.7 15.1 * * * * * * 113.2 30.9
$25,000-$34,999 52.9 8.6 * * 73.1 21.0 * * * *
$35,000-$44,999 55.3 7.0 56.8 9.3 * * * * 82.8 17.2
$45,000 or more 38.7 4.4 28.7 5.6 * * * * 63.2 10.3
Location of patient residence Metropolitan-large 47.6 4.1 34.1 5.8 45.1 10.3 * * 72.0 8.7
Metropolitan-small 37.3 6.9 37.5 8.5 * * * * * *
Micropolitan 43.9 12.6 * * * * * * * *
Noncore 55.1 15.9 * * * * -- -- * *
Expected payment source Private insurance 35.2 4.4 29.2 5.3 * * * * 75.8 13.4
Medicare -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Medicaid 58.2 5.8 52.2 9.1 52.2 13.6 * * 61.1 10.5
Other insurance 56.5 12.0 * * * * * * 95.6 26.4
Uninsured/self pay/no charge 122.0 33.3 * * * * * * * *
Region of inpatient treatment Northeast 51.3 9.8 * * * * * * * *
Midwest 40.2 5.4 37.4 6.4 * * * * 121.9 22.5
South 55.1 10.0 * * * * * * 91.8 25.6
West 45.6 5.4 32.1 7.8 * * * * 58.9 9.5
Ownership/control of hospital Private, not-for-profit 44.4 3.4 35.5 4.5 49.8 10.1 * * 68.5 8.2
Private, for-profit * * * * -- -- -- -- * *
Public 61.0 13.9 * * * * * * 99.3 27.2
Teaching status of hospital Teaching 44.6 3.6 36.5 4.7 38.8 11.0 * * 72.3 8.0
Non-teaching 50.2 9.4 * * * * * * * *
Location of hospital Metropolitan-large 44.5 3.7 36.1 5.0 41.6 10.0 * * 64.7 8.3
Metropolitan-small 49.3 7.8 39.1 9.0 * * * * 118.0 22.5
Micropolitan -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Noncore -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Bed size of hospital Less than 100 * * * * -- -- -- -- -- --
100 - 299 39.1 4.5 34.2 5.9 * * * * 59.2 11.0
300 - 499 * * * * * * * * * *
500+ 52.6 5.1 40.6 6.8 50.1 12.4 * * 81.1 11.4

a Estimates are adjusted by age, gender, age-gender interactions, and APR-DRG risk of mortality score. When reporting is by age, the adjustment is by gender and APR-DRG risk of mortality score; when reporting is by gender, the adjustment is by age and APR-DRG risk of mortality score.

* Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

-- Statistic cannot be calculated.

Key: API: Asian or Pacific Islander; SE: Standard error.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, State Inpatient Databases, disparities analysis file, 2002. This file is designed to provide national estimates on disparities using weighted records from a sample of hospitals from the following 22 States: AZ, CA, CO, CT, FL, GA, HI, KS, MD, MA, MI, MO, NJ, NY, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, and WI.

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