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National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2005

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Table 96
Deaths per 1000 admissions with pneumonia as principal diagnosis, age 18 and older (excluding obstetric and neonatal admissions and transfers to another hospital), by race/ethnicity, United States, 2002
Population group Total Non-Hispanic Hispanic (all races)
White Black API
Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE
Total   81.5 0.5 81.3 0.6 81.9 1.5 85.6 3.8 79.5 2.1
Age 18-44 37.4 1.6 39.6 2.1 33.1 3.2 * * 33.4 5.1
45-64 56.9 1.1 57.4 1.4 54.3 2.6 61.4 9.4 57.8 4.1
65 and over 95.2 0.6 95.6 0.7 93.0 2.1 100.0 4.4 88.5 2.7
Age 65-69 67.8 1.9 68.7 2.1 65.2 5.2 56.0 13.9 63.8 7.1
70-74 69.0 1.6 69.7 1.8 65.3 5.0 57.7 10.8 69.5 6.5
75-79 83.7 1.4 84.1 1.6 82.4 4.8 86.5 9.6 72.6 5.9
80-84 99.1 1.4 98.5 1.5 107.8 5.0 108.3 9.2 95.4 6.2
85 and over 123.0 1.1 122.0 1.2 126.6 4.1 140.1 7.8 119.2 5.0
Gender Male 84.5 0.8 84.3 0.9 83.1 2.2 98.8 5.3 82.5 2.9
Female 78.8 0.7 77.9 0.8 84.3 2.0 70.7 5.6 78.1 2.9
Median income of patient's ZIP Code Less than $25,000 82.2 2.1 84.5 3.0 78.6 3.7 124.1 21.4 75.3 5.7
$25,000-$34,999 83.9 1.0 83.5 1.2 86.3 2.7 88.4 12.5 82.2 4.1
$35,000-$44,999 79.7 1.0 79.4 1.1 82.2 3.0 81.0 8.1 79.0 4.4
$45,000 or more 81.0 0.8 80.9 0.9 78.8 2.7 84.9 4.7 79.5 3.2
Location of patient residence Metropolitan-large 79.9 0.7 80.4 0.9 78.8 1.8 74.6 4.6 77.5 2.5
Metropolitan-small 82.6 1.0 81.4 1.1 87.6 3.4 108.8 8.5 83.4 4.4
Micropolitan 83.9 1.5 82.7 1.6 95.7 6.1 114.7 11.6 77.1 9.3
Noncore 83.2 1.5 82.4 1.6 85.8 5.4 * * 102.7 11.7
Expected payment source Private insurance 88.3 1.3 87.7 1.5 85.6 3.4 110.4 9.2 95.7 5.4
Medicare 78.7 0.6 78.6 0.7 80.3 2.0 82.3 4.8 73.5 2.8
Medicaid 81.5 1.9 85.5 2.6 75.0 3.6 75.7 9.7 77.9 4.7
Other insurance 97.7 4.1 104.0 5.2 95.9 9.6 * * 80.7 11.1
Uninsured/self pay/no charge 99.9 3.0 102.2 4.0 97.6 5.7 * * 96.0 8.0
Region of inpatient treatment Northeast 88.8 1.2 88.3 1.3 95.1 3.5 82.3 14.1 77.2 5.0
Midwest 74.8 1.0 74.5 1.1 75.2 3.2 97.6 21.3 98.6 12.7
South 80.9 0.8 81.6 1.0 79.1 2.0 94.8 13.2 74.3 3.2
West 83.7 1.3 83.1 1.6 86.2 4.8 84.5 4.3 84.3 3.2
Ownership/control of hospital Private, not-for-profit 81.7 0.6 81.4 0.7 81.3 1.8 94.2 4.9 80.8 2.6
Private, for-profit 75.3 1.4 76.6 1.7 73.4 3.9 58.5 8.6 69.6 4.8
Public 85.8 1.3 85.0 1.6 90.8 3.5 85.3 8.6 83.9 4.6
Teaching status of hospital Teaching 81.6 1.1 80.9 1.3 82.3 2.3 91.0 7.0 80.1 3.7
Non-teaching 81.4 0.6 81.4 0.7 81.6 1.9 83.2 4.6 79.2 2.5
Location of hospital Metropolitan-large 80.0 0.7 80.5 0.9 78.7 1.8 74.6 4.6 77.2 2.5
Metropolitan-small 82.1 1.0 81.0 1.1 86.6 3.3 110.9 8.5 83.8 4.3
Micropolitan 83.7 1.5 82.6 1.6 95.1 6.1 112.4 11.6 81.1 9.2
Noncore 85.0 1.8 83.9 1.9 90.2 5.9 * * 111.2 15.6
Bed size of hospital Less than 100 83.0 1.1 81.7 1.2 89.7 4.3 103.6 10.6 88.1 5.4
100 - 299 81.7 0.8 81.9 0.9 84.1 2.6 82.2 5.2 76.1 2.9
300 - 499 79.1 1.1 79.4 1.3 75.7 2.6 83.6 8.1 81.7 4.5
500+ 82.0 1.4 81.3 1.7 83.5 3.1 86.1 12.1 78.8 5.5

a Estimates are adjusted by age, gender, age-gender interactions, and APR-DRG risk of mortality score.  When reporting is by age, the adjustment is by gender and APR-DRG risk of mortality score; when reporting is by gender, the adjustment is by age and APR-DRG risk of mortality score.

* Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Key: API: Asian or Pacific Islander; SE: Standard error.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, State Inpatient Databases, disparities analysis file, 2002. This file is designed to provide national estimates on disparities using weighted records from a sample of hospitals from the following 22 States: AZ, CA, CO, CT, FL, GA, HI, KS, MD, MA, MI, MO, NJ, NY, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, and WI.

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