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National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2005

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Table 135
Postoperative sepsis per 1000 elective-surgery discharges of longer than 3 days (excluding patients admitted for infection, patients with cancer or immunocompromised states, and obstetric conditions), by race/ethnicity, United States, 2002
Population group Total Non-Hispanic Hispanic (all races)
White Black API
Rate a SE Rate a SE Rate a SE Rate a SE Rate a SE
Total   11.8 0.3 11.1 0.3 16.2 0.8 12.6 1.8 13.1 0.8
Age 0-17 12.6 1.1 11.9 1.4 11.0 2.9 28.8 6.4 * *
18-44 10.9 0.6 10.4 0.6 14.0 1.2 * * 9.5 1.5
45-64 11.7 0.4 10.7 0.4 16.7 1.1 * * 13.9 1.4
65 and over 12.7 0.4 12.1 0.4 18.3 1.5 15.4 3.1 15.5 1.5
Age 65-69 11.8 0.6 10.6 0.7 20.9 2.5 * * 14.1 2.6
70-74 13.0 0.6 12.8 0.6 15.2 2.7 * * 15.9 2.5
75-79 11.8 0.7 11.3 0.7 19.6 2.9 * * 11.0 2.9
80-84 13.6 0.8 13.0 0.9 20.8 4.2 * * 17.9 4.4
85 and over 15.2 1.2 14.3 1.3 * * * * 32.8 6.4
Gender Male 11.8 0.5 11.1 0.5 17.0 1.4 14.8 2.9 11.5 1.4
Female 10.0 0.4 9.3 0.4 13.6 0.9 8.6 2.5 12.4 1.1
Median income of patient's ZIP Code Less than $25,000 14.8 1.1 13.3 1.4 17.1 2.0 * * 13.9 2.7
$25,000-$34,999 13.8 0.5 13.0 0.6 16.8 1.4 * * 17.1 1.7
$35,000-$44,999 12.2 0.5 11.6 0.5 14.7 1.4 * * 14.6 1.7
$45,000 or more 10.6 0.4 10.0 0.4 16.5 1.1 11.6 2.1 10.0 1.2
Location of patient residence Metropolitan-large 12.1 0.4 11.2 0.4 16.1 0.9 14.0 2.0 12.8 1.0
Metropolitan-small 11.1 0.4 10.7 0.5 14.7 1.5 * * 12.8 1.8
Micropolitan 11.4 0.7 11.1 0.7 17.1 3.0 * * 14.2 3.9
Noncore 12.9 0.7 11.9 0.8 22.4 3.5 * * 20.9 4.6
Expected payment source Private insurance 10.0 0.4 9.5 0.4 12.4 0.9 11.0 2.4 12.1 1.2
Medicare 12.7 0.4 11.9 0.4 18.8 1.4 14.8 3.5 15.2 1.6
Medicaid 16.1 0.9 16.0 1.1 18.6 1.8 * * 12.6 2.0
Other insurance 11.2 0.8 10.6 1.0 18.5 2.3 * * 8.8 1.9
Uninsured/self pay/no charge 12.9 1.4 10.8 1.8 16.1 3.5 * * 14.3 3.5
Region of inpatient treatment Northeast 8.6 0.5 8.5 0.6 10.1 1.6 * * 9.6 2.3
Midwest 10.5 0.4 9.8 0.4 18.3 1.5 * * * *
South 14.4 0.4 13.7 0.4 18.0 1.0 * * 15.0 1.3
West 11.3 0.5 10.7 0.6 11.0 2.0 13.8 2.2 12.3 1.2
Ownership/control of hospital Private, not-for-profit 11.1 0.3 10.5 0.3 14.6 0.8 12.8 2.1 13.1 1.0
Private, for-profit 15.3 0.7 13.8 0.7 23.8 2.0 * * 15.7 2.2
Public 13.5 0.7 13.5 0.8 17.1 2.0 * * 11.3 1.8
Teaching status of hospital Teaching 11.7 0.4 11.2 0.4 14.8 1.0 12.1 2.7 11.1 1.2
Non-teaching 11.9 0.4 11.0 0.4 17.4 1.0 13.0 2.4 14.6 1.1
Location of hospital Metropolitan-large 12.3 0.3 11.5 0.4 16.4 0.8 13.6 2.0 12.8 0.9
Metropolitan-small 11.4 0.4 10.9 0.4 15.2 1.5 * * 14.0 1.8
Micropolitan 9.9 0.9 9.3 1.0 19.2 3.9 * * * *
Noncore 9.1 1.7 7.9 1.8 * * -- -- * *
Bed size of hospital Less than 100 10.0 0.8 9.3 0.8 15.5 3.2 * * 14.6 3.2
100 - 299 11.1 0.4 10.4 0.4 16.4 1.3 14.1 2.8 12.9 1.2
300 - 499 13.3 0.4 12.5 0.5 18.3 1.2 13.2 3.1 10.9 1.6
500+ 11.9 0.4 11.2 0.5 13.4 1.2 * * 15.3 1.6

a Rates are adjusted by age, gender, age-gender interactions, comorbidities, and DRG clusters. When reporting is by age, the adjustment is by gender, comorbidities, and DRG clusters; when reporting is by gender, the adjustment is by age, comorbidities, and DRG clusters.

* Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

-- Statistic cannot be calculated.

Key: API: Asian or Pacific Islander; SE: Standard error.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, State Inpatient Databases, disparities analysis file, 2002. This file is designed to provide national estimates on disparities using weighted records from a sample of hospitals from the following 22 States: AZ, CA, CO, CT, FL, GA, HI, KS, MD, MA, MI, MO, NJ, NY, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, and WI.

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