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National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2006

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Table 219c
People with an emergency room visit, by family income,a United States, 2003
    Total Negative/poor Near poor/low Middle High
Population group Percent SE Percent SE Percent SE Percent SE Percent SE
Total 14.1 0.3 21.8 0.8 17.3 0.6 13.4 0.5 10.6 0.4
Age 0-17 13.5 0.5 18.2 1.0 14.5 1.0 12.4 0.8 11.0 1.0
18-44 13.4 0.4 23.0 1.2 16.0 0.9 12.6 0.7 9.6 0.6
45-64 12.8 0.5 23.6 1.8 15.6 1.3 13.0 0.9 10.3 0.7
65 and over 20.2 0.8 26.7 2.2 25.2 1.7 18.4 1.4 14.9 1.3
Gender Male 13.2 0.4 18.9 1.0 16.7 0.9 12.8 0.6 10.4 0.6
Female 15.0 0.4 24.1 1.0 17.8 0.8 13.9 0.6 10.9 0.5
Race White, single race 13.8 0.3 21.9 1.0 17.1 0.7 13.2 0.5 10.6 0.4
Black, single race 17.2 0.8 22.3 1.3 19.0 1.2 14.8 1.3 12.8 1.7
Asian, single race 7.4 0.8 * * 9.6 2.1 7.2 1.5 7.0 1.2
NHOPI, single race 12.2 3.0 * * * * * * * *
AI/AN, single race 23.9 2.9 * * * * * * * *
Multiple races 20.4 2.1 37.6 5.6 22.3 4.9 18.6 3.7 12.0 3.1
Ethnicity Non-Hispanic, all races 14.4 0.3 23.9 1.0 18.8 0.8 13.6 0.5 10.7 0.4
Non-Hispanic, White 14.1 0.4 25.5 1.4 19.1 1.0 13.5 0.6 10.7 0.5
Non-Hispanic, Black 17.1 0.8 22.3 1.3 18.9 1.2 14.5 1.3 12.7 1.7
Hispanic, all races 12.5 0.5 15.6 1.1 12.2 0.8 12.1 0.9 9.4 1.3
Educationb Less than high school 19.5 0.7 25.6 1.3 20.4 1.3 17.3 1.2 12.8 1.5
High school graduate 14.8 0.5 23.2 1.8 19.5 1.2 13.5 0.8 10.8 0.9
At least some college 11.7 0.4 21.1 1.9 14.9 1.4 12.3 0.8 10.0 0.5
Health insurance, under age 65 Any private 11.7 0.3 17.4 1.6 14.7 0.9 12.4 0.5 10.1 0.4
Public only 22.1 0.7 25.1 1.0 20.3 1.1 18.1 1.5 19.0 4.1
Uninsured 11.7 0.7 16.3 1.5 11.0 1.2 10.9 1.1 8.6 1.7
Health insurance, age 65 and over Medicare only 19.8 1.4 28.1 4.3 23.0 2.6 18.4 2.6 12.3 2.1
Medicare and private 19.2 1.1 26.1 4.5 25.0 2.6 18.5 1.7 15.2 1.6
Medicare and other public 27.2 2.6 26.4 2.8 30.8 4.1 21.2 5.6 * *
Residence locationc Metropolitan-large 12.7 0.3 19.5 0.9 14.9 0.7 12.7 0.6 10.0 0.5
Metropolitan-small 15.3 0.6 21.5 1.4 20.3 1.1 14.3 1.0 11.2 0.7
Micropolitan 17.0 0.9 26.6 2.7 19.5 1.8 14.7 1.2 13.2 1.3
Noncore-adjacent 16.9 1.5 34.1 4.6 17.7 2.2 13.0 1.7 11.6 2.0
Noncore-not adjacent 14.8 2.3 29.5 4.9 16.5 2.9 10.2 2.4 10.3 2.8
CSHCN Yes 17.5 1.1 25.8 2.4 19.0 2.2 15.5 2.0 13.5 2.2
No 12.8 0.5 16.8 1.1 13.6 1.0 11.7 0.9 10.8 1.1
Preferred language English 14.6 0.3 24.4 0.9 18.8 0.7 13.8 0.5 10.8 0.4
Other 9.4 0.5 11.1 0.8 9.4 0.8 8.9 0.9 8.3 1.2
Born in U.S. Yes 14.5 0.3 23.5 0.8 18.1 0.7 13.5 0.5 10.9 0.4
No 10.2 0.5 11.5 1.0 11.0 0.9 11.2 1.1 8.2 1.0

a Negative/poor refers to household incomes below the Federal poverty line; near poor/low, over the poverty line to just below 200 percent of the poverty line; middle, 200 percent to just below 400 percent of the poverty line; and high, 400 percent of the poverty line and over.

b Persons age 18 and over. Less than high school refers to fewer than 12 years of education; high school graduate, 12 years of education; and at least some college, more than 12 years of education.

c See MEPS entry in the Data Sources Appendix (Appendix A) for more information.

* Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality or confidentiality.

Key: AI/AN: American Indian or Alaska Native; NHOPI: Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander; CSHCN: children with special health care needs; SE: standard error.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Center for Financing, Access and Cost Trends, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey.

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