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National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2006

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Table 52
Deaths per 1,000 pediatric heart surgery admissions, patients age less than 18 years (excluding obstetric admission; patients with transcatheter interventions as single cardiac procedures, performed without bypass but with catheterization; patients with septal defects as single cardiac procedures without bypass; heart transplant; premature infants with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure as only cardiac procedure; and age less than 30 days with PDA closure as only cardiac procedure; and transfers to another hospital), by race/ethnicity, United States, 2003
        Non-Hispanic Hispanic, all races
    Total White Black API
Population group Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE
Total 43.2 2.3 37.7 3.2 54.2 6.2 53.4 12.1 47.0 4.6
Age 0-4 44.7 2.5 38.2 3.5 58.7 7.0 46.9 13.7 50.8 5.0
5-9 36.5 7.7 * * * * * * * *
10-14 43.3 8.6 41.6 11.9 * * * * * *
15-17 * * * * * * * * * *
Gender Male 47.4 3.0 35.6 4.2 64.5 8.3 67.3 15.6 60.4 6.1
Female 37.8 3.4 40.1 4.7 40.9 9.3 * * 30.5 6.8
Median income of patient's ZIP Code Less than $25,000 55.9 10.6 * * * * * * 56.2 16.2
$25,000-$34,999 48.3 5.1 51.2 8.7 41.6 11.3 * * 39.0 8.5
$35,000-$44,999 47.7 4.4 36.1 6.2 75.5 11.8 * * 52.9 8.8
$45,000 or more 37.8 3.2 35.9 4.1 45.2 11.1 * * 46.6 7.5
Location of patient residence Metropolitan-large 44.4 2.8 35.9 4.3 54.4 7.3 58.5 14.5 50.2 5.4
Metropolitan-small 43.0 4.5 46.2 6.0 * * * * 32.6 9.5
Micropolitan 32.2 8.3 * * * * * * * *
Noncore 46.1 10.2 * * * * * * * *
Expected payment source Private insurance 42.3 3.2 35.8 3.9 47.1 11.0 * * 62.0 8.5
Medicare * * * * * * -- -- * *
Medicaid 45.8 3.5 43.6 6.0 59.1 8.0 83.4 21.8 41.5 6.0
Other insurance 33.6 8.3 * * * * * * * *
Uninsured/self pay/no charge * * * * * * * * * *
Region of inpatient treatment Northeast 35.7 6.1 * * * * * * * *
Midwest 42.4 4.7 35.9 5.5 68.1 12.6 * * 62.2 18.3
South 42.0 3.6 42.5 5.1 56.2 8.5 * * 35.2 6.8
West 49.9 4.6 40.8 7.6 * * 59.5 14.9 55.3 7.1
Ownership/control of hospital Private, not-for-profit 41.4 2.4 36.8 3.4 48.9 6.8 48.0 12.5 46.2 5.1
Private, for-profit * * * * * * -- -- * *
Public 60.3 6.6 43.9 10.0 82.2 15.3 * * 64.0 12.1
Teaching status of hospital Teaching 40.1 2.5 34.1 3.5 49.6 6.8 60.9 14.0 46.5 5.4
Non-teaching 55.6 5.0 57.0 7.7 77.6 15.1 * * 48.1 8.4
Location of hospital Metropolitan-large 41.9 2.5 34.8 3.5 53.0 6.7 59.8 13.5 46.6 5.0
Metropolitan-small 49.0 5.5 48.3 7.4 59.8 15.5 * * 48.7 10.9
Micropolitan * * * * -- -- * * -- --
Noncore -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Bed size of hospital Less than 100 * * * * * * -- -- * *
100-299 39.9 3.4 35.4 5.0 50.4 10.8 * * 43.1 6.3
300-499 31.1 4.4 26.3 6.0 37.7 10.9 * * 37.5 10.4
500 or more 56.7 4.2 47.8 5.6 72.7 10.5 83.5 22.3 60.8 8.8

a Estimates are adjusted by age, gender, age-gender interactions, and APR-DRG risk of mortality score. When reporting is by age, the adjustment is by gender and APR-DRG risk of mortality score; when reporting is by gender, the adjustment is by age and APR-DRG risk of mortality score.

* Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality or confidentiality.

-- Statistic cannot be calculated.

Key: API: Asian or Pacific Islander; SE: sandard error.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, State Inpatient Databases, disparities analysis file, 2003. This file is designed to provide national estimates on disparities using weighted records from a sample of hospitals from the following 23 States: AZ, CA, CO, CT, FL, GA, HI, KS, MD, MA, MI, MO, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, and WI.

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