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National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2006

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Table 102
Deaths per 1,000 admissions with pneumonia as principal diagnosis, age 18 and older (excluding obstetric and neonatal admissions and transfers to another hospital), by race/ethnicity, United States, 2003
        Non-Hispanic Hispanic, all races
    Total White Black API
Population group Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE
Total 74.0 0.4 73.8 0.4 74.0 1.1 77.1 2.6 74.1 1.4
Age 18-44 36.7 1.2 38.3 1.5 29.9 2.4 46.0 9.6 40.9 3.4
45-64 54.3 0.8 55.3 1.0 48.7 1.9 72.4 6.4 53.5 2.8
65 and over 85.0 0.5 85.8 0.5 80.2 1.7 85.2 3.0 78.9 1.8
Age 65-69 67.9 1.4 67.1 1.5 68.8 3.9 72.4 9.1 70.5 4.8
70-74 61.4 1.2 61.9 1.3 56.6 3.8 56.8 7.8 65.4 4.3
75-79 70.4 1.0 70.7 1.1 70.2 3.7 70.6 6.6 64.8 4.1
80-84 85.6 1.0 86.0 1.1 87.6 3.9 84.6 6.6 75.4 4.1
85 and over 112.0 0.8 112.7 0.9 107.7 3.3 114.3 5.4 104.6 3.4
Gender Male 76.8 0.6 76.5 0.6 78.0 1.6 76.3 3.6 78.9 2.0
Female 71.5 0.5 70.8 0.6 74.2 1.5 78.1 3.9 71.2 2.0
Median income of patient's ZIP Code Less than $25,000 75.2 1.9 78.1 3.3 72.1 2.9 86.9 15.2 76.7 4.3
$25,000-$34,999 77.8 0.8 78.7 1.0 77.7 1.9 82.1 7.6 70.4 2.5
$35,000-$44,999 74.3 0.7 74.3 0.8 72.0 2.1 72.9 5.3 77.5 2.7
$45,000 or more 71.5 0.6 70.9 0.6 72.3 2.2 77.3 3.4 74.3 2.5
Location of patient residence Metropolitan-large 71.8 0.5 71.4 0.6 72.0 1.3 70.6 3.2 74.1 1.7
Metropolitan-small 74.3 0.7 73.5 0.8 76.3 2.6 93.5 5.2 74.3 2.9
Micropolitan 78.7 1.2 78.8 1.2 83.0 4.5 81.8 11.3 71.6 6.7
Noncore 78.0 1.2 77.6 1.3 79.3 4.5 * * 78.4 8.4
Expected payment source Private insurance 86.0 0.9 85.7 1.1 85.1 2.6 92.6 7.2 88.9 3.7
Medicare 69.4 0.5 69.5 0.5 68.9 1.5 72.1 3.3 66.4 1.9
Medicaid 77.8 1.3 81.3 1.9 72.2 2.6 81.4 6.5 74.0 3.4
Other insurance 97.4 2.9 105.5 3.7 83.5 7.3 * * 91.2 6.3
Uninsured/self pay/no charge 91.4 2.1 93.2 2.9 85.9 4.1 93.1 17.6 95.0 5.5
Region of inpatient treatment Northeast 79.3 0.8 78.6 0.9 81.3 2.6 109.4 7.5 76.0 3.4
Midwest 67.3 0.9 67.8 0.9 62.9 2.6 66.0 15.4 78.6 9.7
South 73.9 0.6 74.1 0.7 75.2 1.5 85.7 8.2 67.7 2.1
West 76.8 0.9 76.6 1.1 77.8 3.2 71.4 3.1 79.5 2.3
Ownership/control of hospital Private, not-for-profit 73.1 0.4 72.7 0.5 72.3 1.3 79.5 3.2 74.6 1.8
Private, for-profit 71.5 1.0 73.6 1.2 71.7 2.9 60.8 6.3 63.7 2.8
Public 80.9 1.1 79.8 1.3 82.2 2.7 82.2 7.5 87.4 3.6
Teaching status of hospital Teaching 72.7 0.8 70.9 1.0 71.0 1.8 90.8 4.3 82.1 2.7
Non-teaching 74.4 0.4 74.5 0.5 75.8 1.4 69.2 3.4 71.2 1.6
Location of hospital Metropolitan-large 71.8 0.5 71.4 0.6 71.7 1.3 71.0 3.2 74.0 1.7
Metropolitan-small 73.7 0.7 73.0 0.8 76.0 2.5 91.6 5.2 73.9 2.9
Micropolitan 79.6 1.1 79.5 1.2 88.3 4.5 83.3 11.5 69.2 6.7
Noncore 79.8 1.5 79.2 1.5 78.2 5.1 73.1 21.8 95.8 11.5
Bed size of hospital Less than 100 77.6 0.9 77.8 0.9 74.7 3.5 73.4 8.9 78.4 4.2
100-299 74.9 0.6 74.6 0.7 78.2 1.8 76.7 3.7 72.7 2.1
300-499 68.6 0.8 67.9 0.9 68.5 2.1 70.7 5.2 74.6 3.1
500 or more 73.9 1.0 73.0 1.2 74.2 2.3 92.0 6.8 73.9 2.9

a Rates are adjusted by age, gender, age-gender interactions, and APR-DRG risk of mortality score. When reporting is by age, the adjustment is by gender and APR-DRG risk of mortality score; when reporting is by gender, the adjustment is by age and APR-DRG risk of mortality score.

* Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality or confidentiality.

Key: API: Asian or Pacific Islander; SE: standard error.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, State Inpatient Databases, disparities analysis file, 2003. This file is designed to provide national estimates on disparities using weighted records from a sample of hospitals from the following 23 States: AZ, CA, CO, CT, FL, GA, HI, KS, MD, MA, MI, MO, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, and WI.

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