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National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2006

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Table 156
Decubitus ulcers per 1,000 discharges of length 5 or more days (excluding paralysis patients, patients admitted from long-term-care facilities, patients with diseases of the skin, subcutaneous tissue, and breast, and obstetrical admissions), by race/ethnicity, United States, 2003
        Non-Hispanic Hispanic, all races
    Total White Black API
Population group Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE
Total 24.8 0.1 22.8 0.2 35.1 0.2 19.1 0.6 25.1 0.3
Age 0-17 3.2 0.5 3.8 0.6 * * * * * *
18-44 5.5 0.3 6.1 0.4 4.9 0.6 * * 4.1 0.6
45-64 12.7 0.3 13.2 0.3 13.2 0.5 6.0 1.3 9.0 0.6
65 and over 27.6 0.3 24.5 0.3 51.6 0.6 20.7 1.0 31.1 0.6
Age 65-69 19.2 0.4 17.9 0.4 28.4 0.9 12.6 2.1 16.9 1.1
70-74 21.9 0.4 19.8 0.4 36.1 1.0 12.8 2.0 23.1 1.1
75-79 26.2 0.4 23.1 0.4 49.9 1.0 22.9 2.0 30.1 1.1
80-84 29.9 0.4 26.1 0.4 66.6 1.2 21.3 2.1 34.6 1.2
85 and over 37.5 0.4 31.9 0.4 86.7 1.2 31.5 2.2 53.8 1.3
Gender Male 24.9 0.1 23.6 0.2 32.0 0.3 18.6 0.8 24.0 0.3
Female 24.8 0.2 22.2 0.2 37.2 0.3 19.6 0.9 26.0 0.4
Median income of patient's ZIP Code Less than $25,000 32.1 0.4 28.3 0.7 35.9 0.5 15.6 3.2 29.8 0.7
$25,000-$34,999 25.4 0.2 22.4 0.3 34.2 0.4 20.8 1.8 24.3 0.5
$35,000-$44,999 23.7 0.2 21.6 0.2 34.9 0.4 19.5 1.2 24.3 0.5
$45,000 or more 24.5 0.2 23.4 0.2 36.1 0.4 18.8 0.8 24.8 0.4
Location of patient residence Metropolitan-large 28.2 0.2 26.2 0.2 37.1 0.3 21.3 0.7 26.0 0.3
Metropolitan-small 20.9 0.2 19.8 0.2 28.4 0.5 15.0 1.2 23.3 0.6
Micropolitan 20.0 0.3 18.8 0.3 33.0 0.9 11.0 2.3 22.5 1.3
Noncore 19.7 0.3 18.3 0.4 33.6 1.1 34.5 8.6 17.6 1.8
Expected payment source Private insurance 21.8 0.1 21.6 0.2 24.0 0.4 17.4 0.9 20.4 0.4
Medicare 25.9 0.2 22.7 0.2 45.3 0.4 18.3 1.0 29.3 0.5
Medicaid 27.1 0.2 27.6 0.3 29.5 0.3 22.8 1.2 23.3 0.4
Other insurance 23.4 0.3 22.4 0.5 21.8 0.8 20.9 2.2 26.8 0.6
Uninsured/self pay/no charge 20.2 0.3 21.3 0.4 20.1 0.6 19.1 2.5 17.9 0.7
Region of inpatient treatment Northeast 26.4 0.2 24.4 0.2 36.3 0.4 32.4 1.6 27.5 0.5
Midwest 22.1 0.2 19.8 0.2 36.1 0.5 16.5 2.9 18.0 1.5
South 24.5 0.2 22.2 0.2 32.7 0.3 19.8 1.6 25.8 0.4
West 27.0 0.2 27.3 0.3 41.7 0.6 16.6 0.7 23.7 0.4
Ownership/control of hospital Private, not-for-profit 24.3 0.1 22.3 0.2 35.5 0.3 19.7 0.7 24.3 0.3
Private, for-profit 27.0 0.3 24.4 0.3 38.7 0.6 19.2 1.7 28.6 0.6
Public 25.3 0.2 24.1 0.3 30.7 0.5 16.1 1.3 23.7 0.5
Teaching status of hospital Teaching 27.0 0.2 25.7 0.2 33.6 0.3 19.4 0.8 25.1 0.4
Non-teaching 23.7 0.2 21.5 0.2 36.2 0.3 18.8 0.9 25.1 0.3
Location of hospital Metropolitan-large 27.9 0.2 26.0 0.2 36.9 0.3 21.5 0.7 25.9 0.3
Metropolitan-small 20.7 0.2 19.7 0.2 28.1 0.5 14.5 1.2 23.3 0.5
Micropolitan 19.2 0.3 17.8 0.3 33.9 1.0 11.0 2.6 21.0 1.7
Noncore 20.0 0.6 17.3 0.6 40.5 1.7 * * 19.4 4.0
Bed size of hospital Less than 100 22.6 0.3 20.2 0.3 40.6 1.0 16.4 2.9 31.9 1.1
100-299 24.0 0.2 22.4 0.2 35.4 0.4 17.1 0.9 23.2 0.4
300-499 25.8 0.2 23.4 0.2 35.5 0.4 19.1 1.1 25.7 0.5
500 or more 26.0 0.2 24.1 0.2 33.3 0.4 23.8 1.1 25.6 0.4

a Estimates are adjusted by age, gender, age-gender interactions, comorbidities, and DRG clusters. When reporting is by age, the adjustment is by gender, comorbidities, and DRG clusters; when reporting is by gender, the adjustment is by age, comorbidities, and DRG clusters.

* Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality or confidentiality.

Key: API: Asian or Pacific Islander; SE: standard error.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, State Inpatient Databases, disparities analysis file, 2003. This file is designed to provide national estimates on disparities using weighted records from a sample of hospitals from the following 23 States: AZ, CA, CO, CT, FL, GA, HI, KS, MD, MA, MI, MO, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, and WI.

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