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National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2007

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Table 225c
Adults without problems getting referral to a specialist in past year, by family income,a United States, 2004
Population group Total Negative/poor Near poor/low Middle High
Percent SE Percent SE Percent SE Percent SE Percent SE
Total   72.9 0.7 62.0 2.0 70.8 1.5 73.1 1.2 75.8 1.0
Age 18-44 67.4 1.2 54.9 2.8 60.0 2.7 67.9 2.2 73.0 1.9
45-64 71.5 1.0 59.7 3.0 63.2 3.0 72.1 2.2 74.7 1.4
65 and over 83.1 1.1 79.1 3.5 85.5 2.2 82.1 2.2 83.3 1.8
Gender Male 71.8 0.9 62.2 3.1 70.0 2.8 69.9 2.0 75.1 1.4
Female 73.8 0.7 61.8 2.1 71.3 1.8 75.6 1.3 76.4 1.2
Race White, single race 74.7 0.7 63.8 2.3 73.7 1.6 74.8 1.3 76.8 1.0
Black, single race 65.2 2.2 59.8 3.9 61.8 4.4 65.5 4.6 71.7 4.0
Asian, single race 53.8 4.2 * * * * * * 60.1 5.3
NHOPI, single race * * * * * * * * * *
AI/AN, single race * * * * * * * * * *
Multiple races 57.4 5.2 * * * * * * * *
Ethnicity Non-Hispanic, all races 74.0 0.7 63.7 2.2 73.1 1.6 74.1 1.4 76.1 1.0
Non-Hispanic, White 76.1 0.8 66.4 2.6 77.0 1.8 76.1 1.4 77.2 1.0
Non-Hispanic, Black 65.2 2.2 59.4 4.0 62.4 4.5 65.6 4.7 71.4 4.0
Hispanic 61.4 1.9 52.3 3.6 57.0 3.2 63.4 3.7 69.4 3.9
Educationb Less than high school 68.2 1.6 61.6 3.1 71.1 2.7 67.7 2.8 72.8 4.3
High school graduate  76.1 1.2 64.7 3.0 75.4 2.5 78.3 2.0 78.3 1.8
At least some college 72.5 0.9 58.8 4.4 65.7 2.6 71.1 1.8 75.1 1.1
Health insurance, ages 18-64 Any private 73.4 0.9 68.1 4.0 70.4 2.5 72.2 1.5 74.9 1.2
Public only 57.1 2.1 59.0 2.8 51.3 3.6 63.3 4.7 * *
Uninsured  46.0 2.9 33.2 4.3 47.0 4.4 48.3 6.2 * *
Health insurance, age 65 and over Medicare only 83.3 2.0 * * 85.1 3.9 80.7 3.1 84.6 3.4
Medicare and private  84.9 1.2 * * 88.0 2.5 84.8 2.8 83.8 1.8
Medicare and other public 71.7 4.3 72.7 6.0 78.4 5.8 * * * *
Residence locationc Metropolitan-large 70.4 0.9 59.0 3.2 65.8 2.3 68.0 1.8 74.8 1.2
Metropolitan-small 75.9 1.1 66.5 3.2 72.9 2.5 78.8 1.9 77.2 2.0
Micropolitan  76.1 2.0 65.1 5.1 76.5 4.3 75.3 3.2 79.2 2.5
Noncore-adjacent 76.3 3.4 * * * * * * * *
Noncore-not adjacent  73.4 3.4 * * * * * * * *
Language spoken most often at home English  74.3 0.7 64.3 2.1 73.5 1.6 74.5 1.3 76.4 1.0
Other 53.5 2.3 46.7 5.1 51.2 3.9 56.1 4.5 58.1 6.1
Activity limitationsc Basic activities 70.3 1.3 60.2 2.9 71.3 2.7 73.2 2.3 72.6 2.6
Complex activities 65.7 1.7 59.6 2.9 68.0 3.2 68.6 3.1 66.2 3.9
Neither basic nor complex activities 73.8 0.7 63.2 2.6 70.3 1.9 73.2 1.4 76.4 1.1

a Negative/poor refers to household incomes below the Federal poverty line; near poor/low, over the poverty line to just below 200 percent of the poverty line; middle, 200 percent to just below 400 percent of the poverty line; and high, 400 percent of the poverty line and over.

b Less than high school refers to fewer than 12 years of education; high school graduate, 12 years of education; and at least some college, more than 12 years of education.

c For more information, see the MEPS entry in Appendix A, Data Sources.

* Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Key: AI/AN: American Indian or Alaska Native; NHOPI: Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander; SE: standard error.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Center for Financing, Access and Cost Trends, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey.

 

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