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National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2007

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Table 58
Deaths per 1,000 pediatric heart surgery admissions, patients under age 18 (excluding obstetric admission; patients with transcatheter interventions as single cardiac procedures, performed without bypass but with catheterization; patients with septal defects as single cardiac procedures without bypass; heart transplant; premature infants with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure as only cardiac procedure; and age less than 30 days with PDA closure as only cardiac procedure; transfers to another hospital; patients with unknown disposition; and neonates with a birthweight less than 500 grams), by race/ethnicity, United States, 2004
Population group Total Non-Hispanic Hispanic, all races
White Black API
Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE
Total   35.4 1.3 35.0 1.8 35.0 3.5 * * 36.6 3.1
Age 0-4 35.1 1.4 34.1 1.8 35.6 3.5 * * 36.1 3.2
5-9 47.3 10.8 69.1 14.0 * * * * * *
10-14 53.9 11.9 52.2 15.5 * * * * 109.3 32.1
15-17 * * * * * * * * * *
Gender Male 35.3 1.8 33.3 2.4 36.4 4.8 * * 38.5 4.4
Female 35.5 2.0 37.2 2.7 33.4 5.0 * * 34.9 4.3
Median income of patient's ZIP Code Less than $25,000 24.4 6.7 * * * * * * * *
$25,000-$34,999 41.3 2.8 33.9 4.5 51.2 5.7 * * 44.4 5.5
$35,000-$44,999 32.2 2.7 35.1 3.7 * * * * 30.9 6.1
$45,000 or more 35.1 1.9 35.1 2.4 34.5 6.9 * * 36.4 5.2
Location of patient residence Metropolitan-large 31.3 1.8 29.8 2.6 29.5 4.5 * * 35.0 3.8
Metropolitan-small 41.0 2.4 40.4 3.2 41.5 6.1 * * 42.3 6.1
Micropolitan 38.9 4.7 43.3 5.5 46.3 13.6 * * * *
Noncore 40.1 5.5 33.6 6.3 * * * * 68.4 19.1
Expected payment source Private insurance 31.8 1.9 30.4 2.3 33.2 6.8 * * 36.6 6.1
Medicare * * * * * * * * * *
Medicaid 37.1 2.1 40.7 3.3 33.9 4.2 * * 34.7 4.0
Other insurance 50.0 5.5 54.3 8.3 * * * * 44.6 9.5
Uninsured/self-pay/no charge 50.0 10.7 66.6 16.3 * * * * * *
Region of inpatient treatment Northeast 26.5 3.1 24.9 4.1 * * * * * *
Midwest 39.6 2.5 38.6 3.0 49.4 6.3 * * 54.3 12.8
South 37.6 2.5 39.3 3.5 36.7 5.2 * * 34.3 5.6
West 34.7 2.7 31.8 4.5 * * * * 40.6 4.4
Ownership/control of hospital Private, not-for-profit 33.9 1.4 33.4 1.9 32.9 3.8 * * 34.7 3.2
Private, for-profit 49.2 12.1 * * * * * * * *
Public 48.2 4.5 47.9 5.9 42.4 8.5 * * 74.2 14.9
Teaching status of hospital Teaching 34.3 1.5 32.9 2.0 37.1 3.9 * * 36.5 3.4
Non-teaching 40.4 3.2 44.8 4.3 27.5 7.5 * * 37.6 7.6
Location of hospital Metropolitan-large 29.6 1.5 27.1 2.1 28.8 4.2 * * 33.1 3.3
Metropolitan-small 53.5 2.8 54.6 3.4 49.0 6.2 * * 64.4 9.4
Micropolitan * * * * * * * * * *
Noncore * * * * * * * * * *
Bed size of hospital Less than 100 107.4 22.1 * * * * * * 125.7 33.8
100-299 27.7 2.3 23.2 3.1 40.9 6.3 * * 32.5 5.0
300-499 30.8 2.7 29.3 3.8 31.8 7.2 * * 33.3 5.8
500 or more 44.1 2.1 46.7 2.7 31.5 5.1 * * 42.4 5.5

a Rates are adjusted by age, gender, diagnosis related group and MDC groups, and comorbidities, and stratified by the Risk Adjusted classification for Congenital Heart Surgery (RACHS).

* Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Key: API: Asian or Pacific Islander; SE: standard error.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, State Inpatient Databases, disparities analysis file, 2004. This file is designed to provide national estimates on disparities using weighted records from a sample of hospitals from the following 23 States: AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, FL, GA, HI, KS, MD, MA, MI, MO, NH, NJ, NY, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, and WI.

 

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