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National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2007

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Table 164
Decubitus ulcers per 1,000 discharges of length 5 or more days (excluding transfers; patients admitted from long-term care facilities; patients with diseases of the skin, subcutaneous tissue, and breast; and obstetrical admissionsa), age 18 and over, by race/ethnicity, United States, 2004
Population group Total Non-Hispanic Hispanic, all races
White Black API
Rateb SE Rateb SE Rateb SE Rateb SE Rateb SE
Total   26.3 0.1 24.3 0.1 36.0 0.1 22.4 0.3 27.2 0.2
Age 18-44 4.4 0.1 4.0 0.1 5.5 0.1 2.9 0.4 4.4 0.1
45-64 15.0 0.1 14.7 0.1 17.0 0.1 10.8 0.5 12.8 0.2
65 and over 39.6 0.1 36.2 0.1 57.4 0.2 34.5 0.5 42.6 0.3
   65-69 25.3 0.2 23.3 0.2 33.5 0.4 20.1 1.1 24.5 0.5
   70-74 27.0 0.2 24.6 0.2 38.9 0.4 22.0 1.1 27.2 0.5
   75-79 36.7 0.2 33.5 0.2 55.1 0.5 29.6 1.2 39.7 0.6
   80-84 38.8 0.2 35.3 0.2 61.1 0.5 34.8 1.2 44.7 0.7
   85 and over 62.4 0.2 55.2 0.2 104.9 0.7 59.6 1.4 82.3 0.9
Gender Male 24.8 0.1 25.5 0.1 24.0 0.1 21.7 0.5 19.9 0.2
Female 28.7 0.1 27.3 0.1 33.5 0.1 24.5 0.5 26.9 0.2
Median income of patient's ZIP Code Less than $25,000 33.0 0.2 29.9 0.4 35.0 0.3 23.1 1.5 34.0 0.5
$25,000-$34,999 27.1 0.1 24.0 0.1 35.7 0.2 27.0 0.9 26.3 0.3
$35,000-$44,999 25.5 0.1 23.6 0.1 36.5 0.3 21.3 0.7 25.9 0.4
$45,000 or more 25.6 0.1 24.6 0.1 36.8 0.3 21.7 0.5 25.9 0.3
Location of patient residence Metropolitan-large 29.7 0.1 27.8 0.1 37.9 0.2 25.5 0.4 27.7 0.2
Metropolitan-small 22.4 0.1 21.1 0.1 30.3 0.3 17.0 0.7 26.0 0.4
Micropolitan 21.4 0.2 19.8 0.2 33.7 0.5 10.2 1.2 28.6 0.8
Noncore 22.3 0.2 20.7 0.2 34.6 0.5 17.4 3.2 21.4 1.1
Expected payment source Private insurance 19.3 0.1 18.9 0.2 23.0 0.4 14.4 0.9 17.9 0.5
Medicare 27.7 0.1 25.2 0.1 40.2 0.2 23.9 0.4 30.9 0.2
Medicaid 28.8 0.2 28.2 0.3 33.4 0.4 25.4 0.9 24.6 0.4
Other insurance 18.3 0.4 19.3 0.5 18.6 0.9 9.4 2.8 14.6 1.2
Uninsured/self-pay/no charge 16.2 0.3 16.9 0.5 17.4 0.7 16.4 2.0 14.0 0.8
Region of inpatient treatment Northeast 30.3 0.1 28.9 0.1 37.5 0.3 33.9 0.9 30.6 0.4
Midwest 22.8 0.1 20.2 0.1 36.8 0.3 12.7 1.8 16.2 1.1
South 25.7 0.1 23.0 0.1 34.2 0.2 21.9 1.0 27.4 0.3
West 27.8 0.1 27.7 0.2 41.1 0.4 20.4 0.4 25.7 0.3
Ownership/control of hospital Private, not-for-profit 25.9 0.1 23.9 0.1 35.8 0.2 24.0 0.4 26.8 0.2
Private, for-profit 27.8 0.1 25.5 0.2 37.1 0.3 20.4 0.8 29.0 0.3
Public 27.1 0.1 25.1 0.2 36.0 0.3 16.8 1.0 25.5 0.5
Teaching status of hospital Teaching 29.8 0.1 27.9 0.1 36.7 0.2 28.2 0.6 28.1 0.3
Non-teaching 24.9 0.1 23.0 0.1 35.6 0.2 20.0 0.4 26.8 0.2
Location of hospital Metropolitan-large 29.4 0.1 27.5 0.1 37.9 0.2 25.4 0.4 27.7 0.2
Metropolitan-small 22.1 0.1 20.8 0.1 29.6 0.3 16.5 0.7 25.8 0.4
Micropolitan 21.7 0.2 20.1 0.2 34.1 0.5 10.4 1.3 28.4 0.8
Noncore 25.0 0.3 22.7 0.3 41.1 0.7 19.0 3.5 27.5 2.5
Bed size of hospital Less than 100 24.2 0.1 22.4 0.2 37.6 0.5 18.8 1.4 31.9 0.6
100-299 26.3 0.1 24.4 0.1 36.4 0.2 22.3 0.5 27.9 0.3
300-499 26.3 0.1 24.1 0.1 36.0 0.2 23.4 0.7 24.6 0.4
500 or more 27.7 0.1 25.5 0.1 35.1 0.2 22.6 0.8 27.2 0.3

a Also excludes admissions specifically for such problems, such as cases from earlier admissions or from other hospitals.

b Rates are adjusted by age, gender, age-gender interactions, comorbidities, and diagnosis related group (DRG) clusters. When reporting is by age, the adjustment is by gender, comorbidities, and DRG clusters; when reporting is by gender, the adjustment is by age, comorbidities, and DRG clusters.

Key: API: Asian or Pacific Islander; SE: standard error.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, State Inpatient Databases, disparities analysis file, 2004. This file is designed to provide national estimates on disparities using weighted records from a sample of hospitals from the following 23 States: AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, FL, GA, HI, KS, MD, MA, MI, MO, NH, NJ, NY, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, and WI.

 

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