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National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2007

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Table 170
Failure to rescue or deaths per 1,000 discharges having developed specified complications of care during hospitalization (excluding patients transferred in or out, patients admitted from long-term care facilities), ages 18-74, by race/ethnicity, United States, 2004
Population group Total Non-Hispanic Hispanic, all races
White Black API
Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE Ratea SE
Total   122.6 0.3 122.3 0.4 116.8 0.6 140.3 2.0 130.4 1.0
Age 18-44 76.8 0.6 72.8 0.8 77.1 1.0 92.3 3.8 87.6 1.5
45-64 124.1 0.4 123.3 0.6 118.7 0.9 145.1 3.1 133.8 1.4
65-74 146.3 0.5 149.3 0.6 131.1 1.3 162.1 3.4 145.5 1.9
Gender Male 132.0 0.4 134.6 0.5 117.8 0.9 150.3 2.8 136.9 1.3
Female 111.7 0.4 114.3 0.5 103.5 0.8 132.8 2.8 109.9 1.3
Median income of patient's ZIP Code Less than $25,000 125.3 1.2 130.7 2.4 120.0 1.6 151.0 9.3 130.0 2.7
$25,000-$34,999 120.9 0.6 121.8 0.8 117.2 1.0 132.2 5.5 123.9 1.6
$35,000-$44,999 122.0 0.6 122.3 0.7 113.0 1.3 136.8 3.9 132.8 2.0
$45,000 or more 123.7 0.5 122.2 0.5 117.8 1.4 142.9 2.6 136.6 1.8
Location of patient residence Metropolitan-large 123.9 0.4 124.4 0.5 116.6 0.8 136.1 2.3 132.5 1.2
Metropolitan-small 123.9 0.6 123.5 0.7 116.7 1.5 151.0 4.3 130.7 2.0
Micropolitan 118.4 1.0 117.8 1.1 121.3 2.8 152.9 7.6 109.1 4.2
Noncore 112.2 1.1 111.5 1.3 114.6 3.1 120.1 23.5 110.9 6.5
Expected payment source Private insurance 115.4 0.6 114.2 0.7 111.5 1.4 134.4 3.8 126.9 2.3
Medicare 122.2 0.4 124.0 0.5 113.2 0.9 134.7 3.0 125.2 1.5
Medicaid 132.7 0.8 131.2 1.2 126.5 1.4 145.8 4.1 142.3 1.8
Other insurance 118.3 1.8 120.9 2.3 110.9 3.9 157.3 12.4 106.0 4.7
Uninsured/self-pay/no charge 137.1 1.3 139.2 1.7 130.3 2.6 181.4 8.4 133.8 3.3
Region of inpatient treatment Northeast 135.2 0.7 134.9 0.8 135.6 1.6 136.7 5.0 134.5 2.2
Midwest 110.1 0.6 112.0 0.7 101.4 1.3 123.4 8.9 128.1 5.3
South 117.4 0.5 117.5 0.6 117.1 0.9 120.5 5.4 116.7 1.6
West 137.5 0.7 135.8 0.9 127.6 2.2 146.3 2.4 141.7 1.5
Ownership/control of hospital Private, not-for-profit 122.6 0.3 122.9 0.4 115.0 0.8 139.5 2.4 132.4 1.2
Private, for-profit 120.1 0.8 118.0 1.0 120.1 1.8 145.1 5.0 123.8 2.0
Public 125.0 0.8 123.5 1.0 121.8 1.6 139.4 5.0 132.0 2.3
Teaching status of hospital Teaching 124.3 0.5 125.3 0.7 116.1 1.0 134.9 3.4 133.3 1.5
Non-teaching 121.7 0.4 121.0 0.4 117.3 0.9 143.2 2.4 128.5 1.2
Location of hospital Metropolitan-large 123.9 0.4 124.2 0.5 116.7 0.8 137.3 2.3 132.5 1.1
Metropolitan-small 124.3 0.5 124.1 0.6 117.8 1.4 147.6 4.2 131.2 2.0
Micropolitan 114.6 1.1 114.4 1.2 118.9 2.9 149.1 8.3 93.3 4.9
Noncore 96.2 1.9 95.2 2.1 102.4 4.7 151.3 29.0 78.1 14.5
Bed size of hospital Less than 100 103.3 1.0 102.7 1.1 101.2 3.1 147.2 8.7 108.1 3.6
100-299 125.8 0.5 124.4 0.6 121.9 1.2 145.4 2.9 136.9 1.7
300-499 121.7 0.5 121.7 0.7 116.2 1.1 141.6 3.7 124.6 1.8
500 or more 125.6 0.6 128.7 0.8 114.7 1.1 125.8 4.3 133.7 1.7

a Rates are adjusted by age, gender, age-gender interactions, comorbidities, and diagnosis related group (DRG) clusters. When reporting is by age, the adjustment is by gender, comorbidities, and DRG clusters; when reporting is by gender, the adjustment is by age, comorbidities, and DRG clusters.

Key: API: Asian or Pacific Islander; SE: standard error.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, State Inpatient Databases, disparities analysis file, 2004. This file is designed to provide national estimates on disparities using weighted records from a sample of hospitals from the following 23 States: AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, FL, GA, HI, KS, MD, MA, MI, MO, NH, NJ, NY, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, and WI.

 

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