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2003 National Healthcare Quality Report

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Table 6.2: National Overall Measures

Life expectancy at birth and at 65 years of age (based on death certificates), United States, selected years 1900-2000
                   
  All races White Black
Specified age and year Both sexes Male Female Both sexes Male Female Both sexes Male Female
                   
At birth Remaining life expectancy in years
                   
1900 a, b 47.3 46.3 48.3 47.6 46.6 48.7 33.0 32.5 33.5
1950 b 68.2 65.6 71.1 69.1 66.5 72.2 60.8 59.1 62.9
1960 b 69.7 66.6 73.1 70.6 67.4 74.1 63.6 61.1 66.3
1970 70.8 67.1 74.7 71.7 68.0 75.6 64.1 60.0 68.3
1975 72.6 68.8 76.6 73.4 69.5 77.3 66.8 62.4 71.3
1980 73.7 70.0 77.4 74.4 70.7 78.1 68.1 63.8 72.5
1981 74.1 70.4 77.8 74.8 71.1 78.4 68.9 64.5 73.2
1982 74.5 70.8 78.1 75.1 71.5 78.7 69.4 65.1 73.6
1983 74.6 71.0 78.1 75.2 71.6 78.7 69.4 65.2 73.5
1984 74.7 71.1 78.2 75.3 71.8 78.7 69.5 65.3 73.6
1985 74.7 71.1 78.2 75.3 71.8 78.7 69.3 65.0 73.4
1986 74.7 71.2 78.2 75.4 71.9 78.8 69.1 64.8 73.4
1987 74.9 71.4 78.3 75.6 72.1 78.9 69.1 64.7 73.4
1988 74.9 71.4 78.3 75.6 72.2 78.9 68.9 64.4 73.2
1989 75.1 71.7 78.5 75.9 72.5 79.2 68.8 64.3 73.3
                   
1990 75.4 71.8 78.8 76.1 72.7 79.4 69.1 64.5 73.6
1991 75.5 72.0 78.9 76.3 72.9 79.6 69.3 64.6 73.8
1992 75.8 72.3 79.1 76.5 73.2 79.8 69.6 65.0 73.9
1993 75.5 72.2 78.8 76.3 73.1 79.5 69.2 64.6 73.7
1994 75.7 72.4 79.0 76.5 73.3 79.6 69.5 64.9 73.9
                   
1995 75.8 72.5 78.9 76.5 73.4 79.6 69.6 65.2 73.9
1996 76.1 73.1 79.1 76.8 73.9 79.7 70.2 66.1 74.2
1997 76.5 73.6 79.4 77.1 74.3 79.9 71.1 67.2 74.7
1998 76.7 73.8 79.5 77.3 74.5 80.0 71.3 67.6 74.8
1999 76.7 73.9 79.4 77.3 74.6 79.9 71.4 67.8 74.7
2000 76.9 74.1 79.5 77.4 74.8 80.0 71.7 68.2 74.9
                   
At 65 years
                   
1950 a 13.9 12.8 15.0 DNC 12.8 15.1 13.9 12.9 14.9
1960 b 14.3 12.8 15.8 14.4 12.9 15.9 13.9 12.7 15.1
1970 15.2 13.1 17.0 15.2 13.1 17.1 14.2 12.5 15.7
1975 16.1 13.8 18.1 16.1 13.8 18.2 15.0 13.1 16.7
1980 16.4 14.1 18.3 16.5 14.2 18.4 15.1 13.0 16.8
1981 16.6 14.3 18.6 16.7 14.4 18.7 15.5 13.4 17.2
1982 16.8 14.5 18.7 16.9 14.5 18.8 15.7 13.5 17.5
1983 16.7 14.4 18.6 16.8 14.5 18.7 15.4 13.2 17.2
1984 16.8 14.5 18.6 16.8 14.6 18.7 15.4 13.2 17.2
1985 16.7 14.5 18.5 16.8 14.5 18.7 15.2 13.0 16.9
1986 16.8 14.6 18.6 16.9 14.7 18.7 15.2 13.0 17.0
1987 16.9 14.7 18.7 17.0 14.8 18.8 15.2 13.0 17.0
1988 16.9 14.7 18.6 17.0 14.8 18.7 15.1 12.9 16.9
1989 17.1 15.0 18.8 17.2 15.1 18.9 15.2 13.0 16.9
                   
1990 17.2 15.1 18.9 17.3 15.2 19.1 15.4 13.2 17.2
1991 17.4 15.3 19.1 17.5 15.4 19.2 15.5 13.4 17.2
1992 17.5 15.4 19.2 17.6 15.5 19.3 15.7 13.5 17.4
1993 17.3 15.3 18.9 17.4 15.4 19.0 15.5 13.4 17.1
1994 17.4 15.5 19.0 17.5 15.6 19.1 15.7 13.6 17.2
                   
1995 17.4 15.6 18.9 17.6 15.7 19.1 15.6 13.6 17.1
1996 17.5 15.7 19.0 17.6 15.8 19.1 15.8 13.9 17.2
1997 17.7 15.9 19.2 17.8 16.0 19.3 16.1 14.2 17.6
1998 17.8 16.0 19.2 17.8 16.1 19.3 16.1 14.3 17.4
1999 17.7 16.1 19.1 17.8 16.1 19.2 16.0 14.3 17.3
2000 17.9 16.3 19.2 17.9 16.3 19.2 16.2 14.5 17.4
                   

aDeath registration area only. The death registration area increased from 10 States and the District of Columbia in 1900 to the coterminous United States in 1933.

bIncludes deaths of persons who were not residents of the 50 States and the District of Columbia.

DNC - Data system does not collect data for this population.

Note: Beginning in 1997 life table methodology was revised to construct complete life tables by single years of age that extend to age 100. (Anderson RN. Method for Constructing Complete Annual U.S. Life Tables. National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat 2(129). 1999.) Previously abridged life tables were constructed for 5-year age groups ending with the age group 85 years and over. Data for additional years are available.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System - Mortality; Grove RD and Hetzel AM. Vital Statistics Rates in the United States, 1940-1960. DHEW Pub. No. (PHS) 1677. Public Health Service. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1968; life expectancy trend data available at www.cdc.gov/nchs/about/major/dvs/mortdata.htm; Minino AM, Arias E, Kochanek KD, Murphy SL, Smith BL. Deaths: Final data for 2000. National vital statistics reports. vol 50 no 15. Hyattsville, Maryland: National Center for Health Statistics. 2002.

Table 6.1f: Overall Measures by State Table 6.3: National Overall Measures

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