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2003 National Healthcare Quality Report

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List of Measures

Measure Measure Specificationsa National Databasea State Databasea
EFFECTIVENESS OF CARE
CANCER
Screening for breast cancer:
Process: % of women (age 40 and over) who report they had a mammogram within the past 2 years HP2010(3-13) NHIS BRFSS
Outcome: Rate of breast cancers diagnosed at advanced stage SEER program SEER n.a.
Screening for cervical cancer:
Process: % of women (age 18 and over) who report that they had a Pap smear within the past 3 years HP2010(3-11b) NHIS BRFSS
Outcome: Rate of cervical cancers diagnosed as invasive (includes local, regional, and distant disease except in situ disease) SEER program SEER n.a.
Screening for colorectal cancer:
Process: % of men and women (age 50 and over) who report they ever had a flexible sigmoidoscopy/colonoscopy HP2010(3-12b) NHIS BRFSS
Process: % of men and women (age 50 and over) who report they had a fecal occult blood test (FOBT) within the past 2 years HP2010(3-12a) NHIS BRFSS
Outcome: Rate of colorectal cancers diagnosed as regional or distant staged cancers SEER program SEER n.a.
Cancer treatment:
Outcome: Cancer deaths per 100,000 persons per year for all cancers HP2010(3-1) Vital statistics Vital statistics
Outcome: Cancer deaths per 100,000 persons per year for most common cancers, prostate cancer HP2010(3-7) Vital statistics Vital statistics
Outcome: Cancer deaths per 100,000 persons per year for most common cancers, breast cancer HP2010(3-3) Vital statistics Vital statistics
Outcome: Cancer deaths per 100,000 persons per year for most common cancers, lung cancer HP2010(3-2) Vital statistics Vital statistics
Outcome: Cancer deaths per 100,000 persons per year for most common cancers, colorectal cancer HP2010(3-5) Vital statistics Vital statistics
Palliative care:
Process: Cancer deaths in hospice per 100 cancer deaths   NHHCS-Vital statistics n.a
Process: Median length of stay for cancer patients who received hospice care   NHHCS n.a.
EFFECTIVENESS OF CARE
END STAGE RENAL DISEASE
Management of End Stage Renal Disease:
Process: % of dialysis patients registered on waiting list for transplantation HP2010 4-5 USRDS USRDS
Process: % of patients with treated chronic kidney failure who receive a transplant within three years of registration on waiting list HP2010 4-6 USRDS USRDS
Outcome: % of hemodialysis patients with URR 65 or greater From CMS, Umich Unit Specific Report, pp.3,4,5, 18,21 U. Michigan U. Michigan
Outcome:% of patients with hematocrit 33 or greater From CMS, Umich Unit Specific Report, pp.3,4,5, 18,21 U. Michigan U. Michigan
Outcome: Patient survival rate From CMS, Umich Unit Specific Report, pp.3,4,5, 18,21 U. Michigan U. Michigan
DIABETES
Management of diabetes:
Process: % of adults with diabetes who had a hemoglobin A1c measurement at least once in past year Specs for MEPS MEPS BRFSS
Process: % of patients with diabetes who had a lipid profile in past two years Specs for MEPS MEPS n.a.
Process: % of adults with diabetes who had a retinal eye examination in past year Specs for MEPS MEPS BRFSS
Process: % of adults with diabetes who had a foot examination in past year Specs for MEPS MEPS BRFSS
Process: % of adults with diabetes who had an influenza immunization in past year Specs for MEPS MEPS BRFSS
Outcome: % of adults with diagnosed diabetes with HbA1c level > 9.5% (poor control); < 9.0 (minimally acceptable); < 7.0 (optimal) National Diabetes Quality Improvement Alliance NHANES n.a.
Outcome: % of adults with diagnosed diabetes with most recent LDL-C level <130 mg/dL (minimally acceptable); <100 (optimal)b National Diabetes Quality Improvement Alliance n.a. n.a.
Outcome: % of adults with diagnosed diabetes with most recent blood pressure <140/90 mm/Hg National Diabetes Quality Improvement Alliance NHANES n.a.
Outcome: Hospital admissions for uncontrolled diabetes per 100,000 population AHRQ-QI HCUP n.a.
Outcome: Hospital admissions for short-term complications of diabetes per 100,000 population AHRQ-QI HCUP n.a.
Outcome: Hospital admissions for long-term complications of diabetes per 100,000 population AHRQ-QI HCUP n.a.
Outcome: Hospital admissions for lower extremity amputations in patients with diabetes per 1,000 population HP 2010(5-10) NHDS n.a.
EFFECTIVENESS OF CARE
HEART DISEASE
Screening for high blood pressure:
Process: % of people age 18 and over who have had blood pressure measured within preceding 2 years and can state whether their blood pressure is normal or high HP2010 NHIS BRFSS
Screening for high cholesterol:
Process: % of adults 18 and over receiving cholesterol measurement within 5 years HP2010(12-15) NHIS BRFSS
Counseling on risk factors:
Process: % of smokers receiving advice to quit smoking
HP2010(1-3c) MEPS BRFSS
Treatment of AMI:
Process: % of AMI patients administered aspirin within 24 hours of admission QIO scope of work QIO QIO
Process: % of AMI patients with aspirin prescribed at discharge QIO scope of work QIO QIO
Process: % of AMI patients administered beta blocker within 24 hours of admission QIO scope of work QIO QIO
Process: % of AMI patients with beta blocker prescribed at discharge QIO scope of work QIO QIO
Process: % of AMI patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction prescribed ACE inhibitor at discharge QIO scope of work QIO QIO
Process: % of AMI patients given smoking cessation counseling while hospitalized QIO scope of work QIO QIO
Process: Median Time to Thrombolysis. Time from arrival to initiation of a thrombolytic agent in patients with ST segment elevation or left bundle branch block (LBBB) on the electro- cardiogram (ECG) performed closest to hospital arrival time QIO scope of work QIO QIO
Process: Median time to PTCA. Median time from arrival to percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTCA) in patients with ST segment elevation or left bundle branch block (LBBB) on the electrocardiogram (ECG) per- formed closest to hospital arrival time. QIO scope of work QIO QIO
Treatment of acute heart failure:
Process: % of heart failure patients having evaluation of left ventricular ejection fraction QIO scope of work QIO QIO
Process: % of heart failure patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction prescribed ACE inhibitor at discharge QIO scope of work QIO QIO
Management of hypertension:
Outcome: % of people with hypertension who have blood pressure under control HP2010(12-10) NHANES n.a.
Management of CHF:
Outcome: Hospital admissions for congestive heart failure (CHF) per 1,000 population HP2010(12-6) NHDS n.a.
EFFECTIVENESS OF CARE
HIV/AIDS
AIDS prevention:
Outcome: New AIDS cases per 100,000 population (age 13 and over) HP2010(13-1) CDC-AIDS n.a.
Management of HIV/AIDS:
Outcome: HIV-infection deaths per 100,000 population HP2010(13-14) Vital statistics Vital statistics
MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH
Maternity care:
Process: % of pregnant women receiving prenatal care in first trimester HP2010(16-6a) Vital statistics Vital statistics
Outcome: % of liveborn infants with low and very low birthweight (less than 2,500 grams, less than 1,500 grams) HP2010(16-10) Vital statistics Vital statistics
Outcome: Infant mortality per 1,000 live births HP2010(16-1c) Vital statistics Vital statistics
Outcome: Maternal deaths per 100,000 live births HP2010(16-4) Vital statistics Vital statistics
[See Safety measures for complications of obstetric care]
Immunization, childhood:
Process: % of children 19-35 months who received all recommended vaccines HP2010(14-24a) NIS NIS
Process: % of children 19-35 months who received 4 doses of DPaT vaccine HP2010(14-22a) NIS NIS
Process: % of children 19-35 months who received 3 doses of polio vaccine HP2010(14-22e) NIS NIS
Process: % of children 19-35 months who received 1 dose of MMR vaccine HP2010(14-22d) NIS NIS
Process: % of children 19-35 months who received 3 doses of Hib vaccine HP2010(14-22b) NIS NIS
Process: % of children 19-35 months who received 3 doses of hepatitis B vaccine HP2010(14-22c) NIS NIS
Process: % of children 19-35 months who received 1 dose of varicella vaccine HP2010(14-22f) NIS NIS
Immunization, adolescent:
Process: % of adolescents (age 13-15) reported to have received 3 or more doses of hepatitis B vaccine HP2010(14-27a) NHIS n.a.
Process: % of adolescents (age 13-15) reported to have received 2 or more doses of MMR vaccine HP2010(14-27b) NHIS n.a.
Process: % of adolescents (age 13-15) reported to have received 1 or more doses of tetanus-diphtheria booster HP2010(14-27c) NHIS n.a.
Process: % of adolescents (age 13-15) reported to have received 3 or more doses of varicella vaccine HP2010(14-27d) NHIS n.a.
Childhood dental care:
Process: % of children age 2-17 who report dental visit in last year HP 2010(21-10) MEPS n.a.
Treatment of pediatric gastroenteritis:
Outcome: Hospital admissions for pediatric gastroenteritis per 100,000 population less than 18 years of age AHRQ-QI HCUP n.a.
EFFECTIVENESS OF CARE
MENTAL HEALTH
Treatment of depression:
Process: % of adults diagnosed with a new episode of depression who had optimal practitioner contacts for medication management during the acute treatment phase HEDIS HEDIS n.a.
Process: % of adults diagnosed with a new episode of depression and initiated on an antidepressant drug who received a continuous trial of medication treatment during the acute treatment phase HEDIS HEDIS n.a.
Process: % of adults diagnosed with a new episode of depression and initiated on an antidepressant drug who remained on an antidepressant medication through the continuation phase of treatment HEDIS HEDIS n.a.
Outcome: Deaths due to suicide per 100,000 population HP2010(18-1) Vital statistics Vital statistics
RESPIRATORY DISEASES
Immunization, influenza:
Process: % of high risk persons (e.g., COPD) age 18-64 who received an influenza vaccination in the past 12 months HP2010(14-29c) NHIS BRFSS
Process: % of persons age 65 and over who received an influenza vaccination in the past 12 months HP2010(14-29a) NHIS BRFSS
Process: % of institutionalized adults (persons in long-term care or nursing homes) who received influenza vaccination in past 12 months HP2010(14-29e) NNHS n.a.
Outcome: Hospital admissions for immunization-preventable influenza per 100,000 population HP2010 (1-9c, approximate) AHRQ-QI HCUP n.a.
Immunization, pneumonia:
Process: % of high risk persons (e.g., COPD) age 18-64 who ever received a pneumococcal vaccination HP2010(14-29d) NHIS BRFSS
Process: % of persons age 65 and over who ever received a pneumococcal vaccination HP2010(14-29b) NHIS BRFSS
Process: % of institutionalized adults (persons in long-term care or nursing homes) who ever received pneumococcal vaccination HP2010(14-29f) NNHS n.a.
Treatment of pneumonia:
Process: % of patients with pneumonia who have blood cultures collected before antibiotics are administered QIO scope of work QIO QIO
Process: % of patients with pneumonia who receive the initial antibiotic dose within 8 hours of hospital arrival QIO scope of work QIO QIO
Process: % of patients with pneumonia who receive the initial antibiotic consistent with current recommendations QIO scope of work QIO QIO
Process: % of patients with pneumonia who receive influenza screening or vaccination QIO scope of work QIO QIO
Process: % of patients with pneumonia who receive pneumococcal screening or vaccination QIO scope of work QIO QIO
Treatment of URI:
Process: % of visits where antibiotic was prescribed for the diagnosis of a common cold, children & adults HP2010(14-19) NAMCS-NHAMCS n.a.
Management of asthma:
Process: % of people with persistent asthma who are prescribed medications acceptable as primary therapy for long-term control of asthma (inhaled corticosteroids) HEDIS HEDIS n.a.
Outcome: Hospital admissions for pediatric asthma per 10,000 population under age 18 HP2010 (24-2, 1-9a) NHDS n.a.
Outcome: Hospital admissions for asthma per 10,000 population HP2010(24-2) NHDS n.a.
Outcome: Hospital admissions for asthma per 100,000 population age 65 and over AHRQ-QI HCUP n.a.
Treatment of TB:
Process: % of TB patients that complete a curative course of TB treatment within 12 months of initiation of treatment   CDC, TB n.a.
EFFECTIVENESS OF CARE      
NURSING HOME AND HOME HEALTH CARE
Nursing facility care:
Chronic care: % of residents with pain CMS n.a. MDS
Chronic care: Late-loss ADL worsening CMS n.a. MDS
Chronic care: Infections prevalence CMS n.a. MDS
Chronic care: Stage 1-4 pressure ulcer prevalence CMS n.a. MDS
Chronic care: Restraint use prevalence CMS n.a. MDS
Post acute care: Failure to improve/ manage delirium symptoms CMS n.a. MDS
Post acute care: % of residents with pain CMS n.a. MDS
Post acute care: Improvement in walking CMS n.a. MDS
Home health care:
Outcome: Improvement in upper body dressing CMS n.a. OASIS
Outcome: Improvement in management of oral medications CMS n.a. OASIS
Outcome: Improvement in bathing CMS n.a. OASIS
Outcome: Stabilization in bathing CMS n.a. OASIS
Outcome: Improvement in transferring CMS n.a. OASIS
Outcome: Improvement in ambulation/locomotion CMS n.a. OASIS
Outcome: Improvement in toileting CMS n.a. OASIS
Outcome: Improvement in pain interfering with activity CMS n.a. OASIS
Outcome: Improvement in dyspnea CMS n.a. OASIS
Outcome: Improvement in urinary incontinence CMS n.a. OASIS
Outcome: Improvement in confusion frequency CMS n.a. OASIS
Outcome: Acute care hospitalization CMS n.a. OASIS
SAFETY
Complications of care:
Birth trauma AHRQ-QI HCUP n.a.
Death in low mortality DRGs AHRQ-QI HCUP n.a.
Failure to rescue AHRQ-QI HCUP n.a.
Transfusion reaction and transfusion reaction (area) AHRQ-QI HCUP n.a.
Foreign body left in body during procedure and foreign body left in body during procedure (area) AHRQ-QI HCUP n.a.
Central line-associated bloodstream infection in ICU patients HP2010(14-20b) NNIS n.a.
Central line-associated bloodstream infection in infants weighing 1000 grams or less at birth in intensive care HP2010(14-20d) NNIS n.a.
Complications of anesthesia AHRQ-QI HCUP n.a.
Decubitus ulcer AHRQ-QI HCUP n.a.
Iatrogenic pneumothorax and iatrogenic pneumothorax (area) AHRQ-QI HCUP n.a.
Infection due to intravenous lines or catheters and infection due to intravenous lines or catheters (area) AHRQ-QI HCUP n.a.
Postoperative hip fracture AHRQ-QI HCUP n.a.
Postoperative hemorrhage or hematoma AHRQ-QI HCUP n.a.
Postoperative physiologic and metabolic derangements AHRQ-QI HCUP n.a.
Postoperative respiratory failure AHRQ-QI HCUP n.a.
Postoperative pulmonary embolism or deep vein thrombosis AHRQ-QI HCUP n.a.
Postoperative septicemia AHRQ-QI HCUP n.a.
Technical difficulty with procedure and technical difficulty with procedure (area) AHRQ-QI HCUP n.a.
Postoperative wound dehiscence and postoperative wound dehiscence (area) AHRQ-QI HCUP n.a.
Obstetrical trauma - vaginal with instrument AHRQ-QI HCUP n.a.
Obstetrical trauma - vaginal without instrument AHRQ-QI HCUP n.a.
Obstetric trauma - cesarean delivery AHRQ-QI HCUP n.a.
Prescribing medications:
% of community dwelling elderly who had at least one prescription (from a list of 11 medications and from a list of 33 medications) that is potentially inappropriate for the elderly. AHRQ-QI MEPS n.a.
% of adults who report that usual source of care asks about prescription medications and treatments from other providers Specs for MEPS MEPS n.a.
TIMELINESS
Basic access:
% of persons who report that they have a usual source of medical care, by place of care HP2010(1-4) NHIS n.a.
% of families who experienced difficulty in obtaining care, by reason HP2010(1-6) MEPS n.a.
Getting appointments for care:
% of persons who report that they can get an appointment for routine care as soon as they wanted (always, usually, sometimes/never) Specs for MEPS MEPS NCBD
% of persons who report that they can get care for illness/injury as soon as they wanted (always, usually, sometimes/never) Specs for MEPS MEPS NCBD
Waiting time:
ED visits: % of patients with waiting time to be seen by physician greater than or equal to one hour (presented separately for emergent, urgent, semi-urgent, and NAMCS-non-urgent visits) NCHS NAMCS- NHAMCS n.a.
ED visits: % of patients who left NAMCS-without being seen NCHS NAMCS- NHAMCS n.a.
PATIENT CENTEREDNESS
Patient experience of care:
% of patients who report that doctor listens carefully (always, usually, sometimes/never), adults and parents of children Specs for MEPS MEPS NCBD
% of patients who report that doctor explains things clearly (always, usually, sometimes/never), adults and parents of children Specs for MEPS MEPS NCBD
% of patients who report that doctor showed respect for what you had to say (always, usually, sometimes/never), adults and parents Specs for MEPS MEPS NCBD
% of patients who report that doctor spent enough time with them (always, usually, sometimes/never), adults and parents of children Specs for MEPS MEPS NCBD
RESOURCE CONSUMPTION
National Health Expenditures by Source of Funds: Selected Calendar Years   NHA n.a.
Total per capita health expenditures in dollars: Selected countries and years   NCHS n.a.
Total Personal Health Care as a Percent of Gross State Product by State   n.a. NHA
OVERALL MEASURES
Overall rating of health care received Specs for MEPS MEPS NCBD
Life expectancy (at birth, at age 65)   Vital statistics n.a.
Days of activity limitation due to health   NHIS n.a.

Notes

aAHRQ-QI=AHRQ Quality Indicators (Prevention Quality Indicators and Patient Safety Indicators)
BRFSS=Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
CDC TB=Centers for Disease Control & Prevention National Tuberculosis Surveillance System
HCUP=Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project
HEDIS=Health Plan and Employer Data Information Set
HP2010=HealthyPeople2010 JCAHO=Joint Commission for Accreditation of Healthcare Organization's hospital core measures.
LHI=Leading Health Indicators.
MEPS=Medical Expenditure Panel Survey
MDS=Minimum Data Set
NAMCS=National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey
NCBD=National CAHPS Benchmarking Database
NCQA=National Committee for Quality Assurance's HEDIS measure set
NHA=National Health Accounts
NHANES=National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
NHIS=National Health Interview Survey
NHHCS=National Home Health and Hospice Care Survey
NHAMCS=National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey
NHDS=National Hospital Discharge Survey
NIS=National Immunization Survey
NNHS=National Nursing Home Survey
NQF=National Quality Forum
OECD=Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development Health Data File
Vital statistics=National Vital Statistics System, Mortality
SEER=Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program
USRDS=United States Renal Data System
WHO=World Health Organization

b Measure listed is part of approved final NHQR measure set. However, data were unavailable for first NHQR.

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