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2004 National Healthcare Quality Report

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Table 1.46: Percent of adults age 18 and over with hypertension whose blood pressure is under controla, United States, 1988-1994 and 1999-2000

  1999-2000 1998-1994
Population Group Percent Standard Error Percent Standard Error
Total 26.8 2.8 23.1 1.4
Age (not age adjusted)        
    18-44 26.4 4.4 19.5 2.5
    45-64 39.6 2.7 32.5 1.5
    65 and over 24.2 2.4 23.9 1.3
Race        
    American Indian or Alaska Native DSU DSU DSU DSU
    Asian or Pacific Islander DSU DSU DSU DSU
      Asian DSU DSU DSU DSU
      Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander DSU DSU DSU DSU
    Black or African American DSU DSU DSU DSU
    White DSU DSU DSU DSU
Ethnicity        
    Hispanicb DSU DSU DSU DSU
      Mexican American *15.1 3.8 15.4 1.9
    Non-Hispanicb 27.4 3.0 23.2 1.4
      Black or African American 21.6 3.3 22.2 1.5
      White 30.0 3.3 23.8 1.8
Gender        
    Male 27.7 3.1 17.0 1.6
    Female 26.7 4.2 32.0 2.5
Family income        
    < 200% of poverty level DSU DSU 24.4 1.9
    > 200% of poverty level DSU DSU 22.3 1.8
    Unknown DSU DSU 23.0 3.9
Education (age 25 and over)        
    Less than high school 21.7 3.0 26.4 2.3
    High school graduate 29.1 4.3 27.4 2.2
    At least some college 34.6 4.5 21.4 1.8

a Percents are age adjusted to the 2000 standard population using 3 age groups: 18-39, 40-59, 60+ for Total, race, ethnicity, gender, family income and 25-39, 40-59, 60+ for education.

b Includes all races.

* Relative standard error of 20-30 percent.

Blood pressure under control is defined as average systolic blood pressure less than 140 mmHg and average diastolic blood pressure less than 90 mmHg and taking antihypertension medication.

Hypertension is defined as either having elevated blood pressure (average systolic pressure of at least 140 mmHg or average diastolic pressure of at least 90 mmHg) or taking antihypertension medication.

DSU - Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality or confidentiality.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

 

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