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2004 National Healthcare Quality Report

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Table 1.48: Deaths per 1000 pediatric heart surgery admissions a, patients age less than 18 years, trends 1994-2001 and by patient and hospital characteristics, 2001, United States

  Adjusted rateb
Trends Estimate Standard error
     
    Total United States, 2001 49.766 3.399
    Total United States, 2000 48.294 3.654
    Total United States, 1997 65.119 3.433
    Total United States, 1994 77.116 4.049
     
  2001 adjusted rateb
Population group Estimate Standard error
     
Patient characteristic    
Age groups for pediatric conditions    
    0-4 53.794 3.846
    5-9 33.402 11.209
    10-14 36.877 11.741
    15-17 38.309 15.386
     
Gender    
    Male 48.916 4.559
    Female 50.435 5.079
     
Median income of patient ZIP Code    
    Less than $25,000 59.053 12.937
    $25,000-$34,999 57.495 7.574
    $35,000-$44,999 48.440 7.060
    $45,000 or more 46.019 4.812
     
Location of patient residence    
    Metropolitan 49.935 3.576
    Micropolitan 39.128 13.460
    Noncore 64.924 18.532
     
Expected payment source    
    Private insurance 43.492 4.516
    Medicaid 54.296 5.662
    Other insurance 68.420 15.613
    Uninsured / self pay / no charge 92.223 20.733
     
Hospital characteristic    
Location of inpatient treatment    
    Northeast 49.482 6.541
    Midwest 50.677 9.280
    South 45.654 6.101
    West 54.341 6.297
     
Ownership/control    
    Private, not-for-profit 49.960 3.598
    Private, for-profit 11.551 22.532
    Public 56.776 11.607
     
Teaching status    
    Teaching 50.105 3.663
    Non-teaching 47.677 9.108
     
Location of hospital    
    Metropolitan 49.744 3.405
    Micropolitan * *
    Noncore * *
     
Bedsize    
    Less than 100 * *
    100 - 299 48.588 4.662
    300 - 499 41.151 7.143
    500+ 60.566 6.907
     

aDenominator excludes obstetric admissions, patients with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligation as a single cardiac procedure, patients with prosthetic closures of septal defects without bypass, patients with only PDA closure with catheterization, and patients with occlusion of thoracic vessel without congenital heart defect, and transfers to another hospital.

b Rates are adjusted by age, gender, age-gender interactions, and APR-DRG risk of mortality score. When reporting is by age, the adjustment is by gender and APR-DRG risk of mortality score; when reporting is by gender, the adjustment is by age and APR-DRG risk of mortality score.

* Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Nationwide Inpatient Sample.

 

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