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2004 National Healthcare Quality Report

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Table 1.90: Deaths per 1000 admissions with pneumonia as principal diagnosisa, age 18 and older, trends 1994-2001 and by patient and hospital characteristics, 2001, United States

  Adjusted rateb
Trends Estimate Standard error
     
    Total United States, 2001 84.700 0.531
    Total United States, 2000 87.698 0.525
    Total United States, 1997 87.322 0.547
    Total United States, 1994 98.167 0.642
     
  2001 adjusted rateb
Population group Estimate Standard error
     
Patient characteristic    
Age groups for conditions affecting any age    
    18-44 40.236 1.655
    45-64 59.445 1.197
    65 and over 98.900 0.634
     
Age groups for conditions affecting primarily elderly    
    65-69 76.308 1.893
    70-74 74.603 1.602
    75-79 87.043 1.411
    80-84 99.959 1.379
    85 and over 125.592 1.124
     
Gender    
    Male 88.385 0.766
    Female 81.268 0.736
Median income of patient ZIP Code    
    Less than $25,000 86.525 1.945
    $25,000-$34,999 85.224 1.011
    $35,000-$44,999 83.939 1.034
    $45,000 or more 84.494 0.853
     
Location of patient residence    
    Metropolitan 84.758 0.608
    Micropolitan 84.346 1.476
    Noncore 84.723 1.611
     
Expected payment source    
    Private insurance 89.486 1.274
    Medicare 82.396 0.633
    Medicaid 86.985 1.941
    Other insurance 101.394 4.100
    Uninsured / self pay / no charge 95.320 2.979
     
Hospital characteristic    
Location of inpatient treatment    
    Northeast 90.111 1.219
    Midwest 77.811 1.120
    South 85.923 0.826
    West 85.656 1.266
     
Ownership/control    
    Private, not-for-profit 84.251 0.627
    Private, for-profit 83.725 1.419
    Public 87.854 1.395
     
Teaching status    
    Teaching 88.326 1.098
    Non-teaching 83.536 0.606
     
Location of hospital    
    Metropolitan 84.759 0.600
    Micropolitan 84.585 1.483
    Noncore 84.363 1.782
     
Bedsize    
    Less than 100 83.316 1.166
    100 - 299 83.995 0.815
    300 - 499 83.462 1.074
    500+ 91.570 1.501
     

a Denominator excludes obstetric and neonatal admissions and transfers to another hospital.

b Rates are adjusted by age, gender, age-gender interactions, and APR-DRG risk of mortality score. When reporting is by age, the adjustment is by gender and APR-DRG risk of mortality score; when reporting is by gender, the adjustment is by age and APR-DRG risk of mortality score.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Nationwide Inpatient Sample.

 

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