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2004 National Healthcare Quality Report

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Table 1.91: Rate antibiotics prescribed at visits with a diagnosis of common cold per 10,000 populationa, United States, 1997-1998 and 2000-2001

  2000-2001c 1997-1998d
Population group Total rate per 10,000 Standard error Total rate per 10,000 Standard error
Total 184.28 22.17 232.53 24.94
Age        
    0-17 333.79 44.71 381.70 51.96
    18-44 152.52 30.38 180.49 27.07
    45-64 97.46 24.64 146.10 29.16
    65 and over 125.58 54.82 225.70 54.59
Gender        
    Male 183.47 24.42 212.20 29.87
    Female 185.05 27.39 251.89 28.62
Raceb        
    White 195.41 25.02 223.40 28.90
    Black 153.19 33.57 259.33 70.65
    Asian/Pacific DSU DSU DSU DSU
    American Indian/Alaskan Native DSU DSU DSU DSU
    Multiple race DSU DSU NA NA
Location        
    MSA 196.61 26.5 205.83 25.70
    Non-MSA 135.06 34.5 335.72 71.63

a Number of antibiotic courses ordered, supplied, administered, or continued at a specific visit for persons diagnosed with the common cold (ICD-9-CM codes 460.0, 465, or 472.0) per 10,000 population.

b Race categories were changed in 2000-2001 data.

c Year 2000 rates use US Census Bureau monthly postcensal estimates of the civilian noninstitutional population as of July 1, 2000 and are available at the Census Bureau Internet site: http://www.census.gov/popest/archives/1990s/nat_detail.html Figures have been adjusted for net underenumeration using the 1990 National Population Adjustment Matrix. Regional estimates were provided by the Division of Health Interview Statistics (DHIS), National Center for Health Statistics, and are also based on U.S. census estimates of the civilian noninstitutionalized population as of July 1, 2000. Year 2001 rates use U.S. Bureau of the Census estimates of the civilian noninstitutionalized population as of July 1, 2001 and are based on data from Census 2000. Year 2001 estimates of MSA/non-MSAs are calculated from data provided by the Office of Research and methodology (ORM) and Division of Health Interview Statistics (DHIS), National Center for Health Statistics, and are based on estimates of the civilian noninstitutionalized population as of July 1, 2002 using Census 2000 data, with adjustments to 2001 totals.

d Years 1997-1998 rates use US Census Bureau monthly postcensal estimates of the civilian noninstitutional population as of July 1, 1997 and July 1, 1998 and are available at the Census Bureau Internet site: http://www.census.gov/popest/archives/1990s/nat_monthly_noninstitutional/e0000smp.txt Figures have been adjusted for net underenumeration using the 1990 National Population Adjustment Matrix.

DSU - Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality or confidentiality. An estimate is unreliable if the unweighted N is LT 30 or the RSE is GT 30.

NA - Not applicable.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey and National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey.

 

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