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2004 National Healthcare Quality Report

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Table 5.3: Life expectancy at birth, at 65 years of age, and at 75 years of age, according to race and sex: United States, selected years 1900–2001a

      All races White Black or African Americanb
Year of birth Specified age and year Both sexes Male Female Both sexes Male Female Both sexes Male Female
  At birth Remaining life expectancy in years
1900c d . . . . . . 47.3 46.3 48.3 47.6 46.6 48.7 33.0 32.5 33.5
1950d . . . . . . 68.2 65.6 71.1 69.1 66.5 72.2 60.8 59.1 62.9
1960d . . . . . . 69.7 66.6 73.1 70.6 67.4 74.1 63.6 61.1 66.3
1970 . . . . . . 70.8 67.1 74.7 71.7 68.0 75.6 64.1 60.0 68.3
1980 . . . . . . 73.7 70.0 77.4 74.4 70.7 78.1 68.1 63.8 72.5
1985 . . . . . . 74.7 71.1 78.2 75.3 71.8 78.7 69.3 65.0 73.4
1990 . . . . . . 75.4 71.8 78.8 76.1 72.7 79.4 69.1 64.5 73.6
1991 . . . . . . 75.5 72.0 78.9 76.3 72.9 79.6 69.3 64.6 73.8
1992 . . . . . . 75.8 72.3 79.1 76.5 73.2 79.8 69.6 65.0 73.9
1993 . . . . . . 75.5 72.2 78.8 76.3 73.1 79.5 69.2 64.6 73.7
1994 . . . . . . 75.7 72.4 79.0 76.5 73.3 79.6 69.5 64.9 73.9
1995 . . . . . . 75.8 72.5 78.9 76.5 73.4 79.6 69.6 65.2 73.9
1996 . . . . . . 76.1 73.1 79.1 76.8 73.9 79.7 70.2 66.1 74.2
1997 . . . . . . 76.5 73.6 79.4 77.1 74.3 79.9 71.1 67.2 74.7
1998 . . . . . . 76.7 73.8 79.5 77.3 74.5 80.0 71.3 67.6 74.8
1999 . . . . . . 76.7 73.9 79.4 77.3 74.6 79.9 71.4 67.8 74.7
2000e . . . . . . 77.0 74.3 79.7 77.6 74.9 80.1 71.9 68.3 75.2
2001f . . . . . . 77.2 74.4 79.8 77.7 75.0 80.2 72.2 68.6 75.5
                     
  At 65 years                  
1950d . . . . . . 13.9 12.8 15.0 - - - 12.8 15.1 13.9 12.9 14.9
1960d . . . . . . 14.3 12.8 15.8 14.4 12.9 15.9 13.9 12.7 15.1
1970 . . . . . . 15.2 13.1 17.0 15.2 13.1 17.1 14.2 12.5 15.7
1980 . . . . . . 16.4 14.1 18.3 16.5 14.2 18.4 15.1 13.0 16.8
1985 . . . . . . 16.7 14.5 18.5 16.8 14.5 18.7 15.2 13.0 16.9
1990 . . . . . . 17.2 15.1 18.9 17.3 15.2 19.1 15.4 13.2 17.2
1991 . . . . . . 17.4 15.3 19.1 17.5 15.4 19.2 15.5 13.4 17.2
1992 . . . . . . 17.5 15.4 19.2 17.6 15.5 19.3 15.7 13.5 17.4
1993 . . . . . . 17.3 15.3 18.9 17.4 15.4 19.0 15.5 13.4 17.1
1994 . . . . . . 17.4 15.5 19.0 17.5 15.6 19.1 15.7 13.6 17.2
1995 . . . . . . 17.4 15.6 18.9 17.6 15.7 19.1 15.6 13.6 17.1
1996 . . . . . . 17.5 15.7 19.0 17.6 15.8 19.1 15.8 13.9 17.2
1997 . . . . . . 17.7 15.9 19.2 17.8 16.0 19.3 16.1 14.2 17.6
1998 . . . . . . 17.8 16.0 19.2 17.8 16.1 19.3 16.1 14.3 17.4
1999 . . . . . . 17.7 16.1 19.1 17.8 16.1 19.2 16.0 14.3 17.3
2000e . . . . . . 18.0 16.2 19.3 18.0 16.3 19.4 16.2 14.2 17.7
2001f . . . . . . 18.1 16.4 19.4 18.2 16.5 19.5 16.4 14.4 17.9
                     
  At 75 years                  
1980 . . . . . . 10.4 8.8 11.5 10.4 8.8 11.5 9.7 8.3 10.7
1985 . . . . . . 10.6 9.0 11.7 10.6 9.0 11.7 10.1 8.7 11.1
1990 . . . . . . 10.9 9.4 12.0 11.0 9.4 12.0 10.2 8.6 11.2
1991 . . . . . . 11.1 9.5 12.1 11.1 9.5 12.1 10.2 8.7 11.2
1992 . . . . . . 11.2 9.6 12.2 11.2 9.6 12.2 10.4 8.9 11.4
1993 . . . . . . 10.9 9.5 11.9 11.0 9.5 12.0 10.2 8.7 11.1
1994 . . . . . . 11.0 9.6 12.0 11.1 9.6 12.0 10.3 8.9 11.2
1995 . . . . . . 11.0 9.7 11.9 11.1 9.7 12.0 10.2 8.8 11.1
1996 . . . . . . 11.1 9.8 12.0 11.1 9.8 12.0 10.3 9.0 11.2
1997 . . . . . . 11.2 9.9 12.1 11.2 9.9 12.1 10.7 9.3 11.5
1998 . . . . . . 11.3 10.0 12.2 11.3 10.0 12.2 10.5 9.2 11.3
1999 . . . . . . 11.2 10.0 12.1 11.2 10.0 12.1 10.4 9.2 11.1
2000e . . . . . . 11.4 10.1 12.3 11.4 10.1 12.3 10.7 9.2 11.6
2001f . . . . . . 11.5 10.2 12.4 11.5 10.2 12.3 10.8 9.3 11.7

a Data are based on death certificates

b Data shown for 1900–60 are for the nonwhite population.

c Death registration area only. The death registration area increased from 10 States and the District of Columbia in 1900 to the coterminous United States in 1933.

d Includes deaths of persons who were not residents of the 50 States and the District of Columbia.

e Life expectancies (LEs) for 2000 were revised and may differ from those shown previously. LEs for 2000 were computed using population counts from Census 2000 and replace LEs for 2000 using 1990-based postcensal estimates.

f Life expectancies for 2001 were computed using 2000-based postcensal estimates.

Note: Populations used for computing life expectancy and other life table values for 1991–1999 are postcensal estimates of U.S. resident population, based on the 1990 census. Beginning in 1997 life table methodology was revised to construct complete life tables by single years of age that extend to age 100. (Anderson RN. Method for Constructing Complete Annual U.S. Life Tables. National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat 2(129). 1999.) Previously abridged life tables were constructed for 5-year age groups ending with the age group 85 years and over. Life table values for 2000 and 2001 were computed using a slight modification of the new life table method due to a change in the age detail of populations received from the U.S. Census Bureau. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System; Grove RD, Hetzel AM. Vital statistics rates in the United States, 1940–1960. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1968; life expectancy trend data available at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/deaths.htm; Arias E, Anderson RN, Kung HC, Murphy SL, Kochanek KD. Deaths: Final data for 2001. National vital statistics reports. Vol 52 no 3. Hyattsville, Maryland: National Center for Health Statistics. 2003.

 

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