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2005 National Healthcare Quality Report

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Table 1.51
Deaths per 1000 pediatric heart surgery admissions, patients age less than 18 years (excluding obstetric admission; patients with transcatheter interventions as single cardiac procedures, performed without bypass but with catheterization; patients with septal defects as single cardiac procedures without bypass; heart transplant; premature infants with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure as only cardiac procedure; and age less than 30 days with PDA closure as only cardiac procedure; and transfers to another hospital), United States, 2001 and 2002
    2002 2001
Population group Ratea Standard error Ratea Standard error
           
Total   43.1 3.2 50.3 3.2
           
Age 0-4 42.7 3.5 53.5 3.6
5-9 37.4 10.1 DSU DSU
10-14 47.2 11.7 42.1 11.1
15-17 61.8 16.1 DSU DSU
           
Gender Male 42.5 4.2 50.0 4.2
Female 43.8 4.7 50.4 4.7
           
Median income of patient's ZIP Code Less than $25,000 45.8 13.5 60.5 12.0
$25,000-$34,999 47.6 7.5 53.5 7.0
$35,000-$44,999 41.7 6.5 51.4 6.6
$45,000 or more 41.9 4.3 47.1 4.5
           
Location of patient residence Metropolitan-large 44.4 3.9 50.0 3.9
Metropolitan-small 43.7 6.7 50.9 6.4
Micropolitan DSU DSU 42.5 12.5
Noncore 55.4 13.2 66.2 17.6
           
Expected payment source Private insurance 34.7 4.4 44.4 4.2
Medicare DSU DSU DSU DSU
Medicaid 49.7 4.9 54.7 5.2
Other insurance 50.9 13.7 69.1 14.9
Uninsured/self pay/no charge 82.8 20.6 87.7 19.6
           
Region of inpatient treatment Northeast 67.1 11.4 49.7 6.0
Midwest 33.3 6.9 48.0 8.5
South 39.1 5.1 45.8 5.7
West 47.5 5.4 57.5 6.0
           
Ownership/control of hospital Private, not-for-profit 40.8 3.4 51.1 3.3
Private, for-profit DSU DSU DSU DSU
Public 58.8 8.6 49.3 10.6
           
Teaching status of hospital Teaching 48.1 3.5 51.4 3.4
Non-teaching DSU DSU 43.7 8.4
           
Location of hospital Metropolitan-large 43.7 3.4 52.8 3.4
Metropolitan-small 40.3 8.2 36.5 8.1
Micropolitan DSU DSU -- --
Noncore -- -- -- --
           
Bed size of hospital Less than 100 DSU DSU DSU DSU
100 - 299 32.7 5.5 50.0 4.4
300 - 499 40.1 5.3 44.4 6.6
500+ 56.3 5.7 57.0 6.3
           

a Estimates are adjusted by age, gender, age-gender interactions, and APR-DRG risk of mortality score. When reporting is by age, the adjustment is by gender and APR-DRG risk of mortality score; when reporting is by gender, the adjustment is by age and APR-DRG risk of mortality score.

DSU - Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Nationwide Inpatient Sample, 2001 and 2002.

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