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2005 National Healthcare Quality Report

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Table 1.98
Deaths per 1000 admissions with pneumonia as principal diagnosis, age 18 and older (excluding obstetric and neonatal admissions and transfers to another hospital), United States, 2001 and 2002
    2002 2001
Population group Ratea Standard error Ratea Standard error
           
Total   79.8 0.5 84.8 0.5
           
Age 18-44 37.3 1.6 40.3 1.7
45-64 56.9 1.1 59.5 1.2
65 and over 92.9 0.6 99.0 0.6
           
Age 65-69 71.3 1.8 76.4 1.9
70-74 68.5 1.6 74.7 1.6
75-79 82.0 1.4 87.2 1.4
80-84 94.4 1.3 100.2 1.4
85 and over 118.9 1.1 125.7 1.1
           
Gender Male 83.5 0.7 88.5 0.8
Female 76.5 0.7 81.4 0.7
           
Median income of patient's ZIP Code Less than $25,000 76.0 2.1 86.6 1.9
$25,000-$34,999 81.9 1.1 85.3 1.0
$35,000-$44,999 80.8 1.0 84.1 1.0
$45,000 or more 78.6 0.8 84.6 0.9
           
Location of patient residence Metropolitan-large 78.5 0.7 83.1 0.8
Metropolitan-small 80.4 1.0 88.1 1.0
Micropolitan 82.8 1.5 84.4 1.5
Noncore 81.0 1.5 84.9 1.6
           
Expected payment source Private insurance 87.2 1.2 89.6 1.3
Medicare 76.9 0.6 82.5 0.6
Medicaid 78.7 1.9 87.1 1.9
Other insurance 109.2 3.9 101.6 4.1
Uninsured/self pay/no charge 93.1 2.9 95.4 3.0
           
Region of inpatient treatment Northeast 87.1 1.2 90.8 1.2
Midwest 72.2 1.0 77.8 1.1
South 81.9 0.8 85.9 0.8
West 78.2 1.2 85.6 1.3
           
Ownership/control of hospital Private, not-for-profit 78.6 0.6 84.4 0.6
Private, for-profit 78.1 1.4 83.7 1.4
Public 88.0 1.4 87.9 1.4
           
Teaching status of hospital Teaching 78.3 1.0 88.6 1.1
Non-teaching 80.5 0.6 83.6 0.6
           
Location of hospital Metropolitan-large 78.3 0.7 82.9 0.8
Metropolitan-small 80.2 0.9 88.6 1.0
Micropolitan 85.1 1.5 84.6 1.5
Noncore 79.9 1.8 83.8 1.8
           
Bed size of hospital Less than 100 81.9 1.2 83.4 1.2
100 - 299 79.3 0.8 84.1 0.8
300 - 499 79.3 1.1 83.4 1.1
500+ 79.4 1.4 92.1 1.5
           

a Estimates are adjusted by age, gender, age-gender interactions, and APR-DRG risk of mortality score. When reporting is by age, the adjustment is by gender and APR-DRG risk of mortality score; when reporting is by gender, the adjustment is by age and APR-DRG risk of mortality score.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Nationwide Inpatient Sample, 2001 and 2002.

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