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2005 National Healthcare Quality Report

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Table 1.99
Rate antibiotics prescribed at visits with a diagnosis of common cold per 10,000 populationa, United States, 2000-2001 and 2001-2002
    2001-2002d 2000-2001e
Population group Rate Standard error Rate Standard error
           
Total   172.3 21.1 183.4 22.1
           
Age 0-17 324.7 41.5 334.2 44.8
18-44 119.7 26.1 152.0 30.3
45-64 119.9 29.0 96.4 24.4
65 and over 116.8 53.7 DSU DSU
           
Gender Male 167.5 26.6 182.7 24.3
Female 177.3 23.2 184.0 27.2
           
Race White 197.3 24.8 195.4 25.0
Black 80.6 20.4 155.6 34.1
Asianb 61.2 28.9 DSU DSU
NHOPI 26.3 19.5 DNC DNC
AI/AN 2.0 2.0 DSU DSU
Multiple race 1.7 1.7 DSU DSU
           
Locationc MSA 170.1 24.3 196.6 26.5
Non-MSA 180.9 42.8 135.1 34.5
           

a Number of antibiotic courses ordered, supplied, administered, or continued at a specific visit for persons diagnosed with the common cold (ICD-9-CM codes 460.0, 465, or 472.0) per 10,000 population.

b The 2000-2001 data for Asian are Asian and Pacific Islander collected in aggregate.

c Estimates of 2001-2002 data are preliminary figures based on Census 2000 data and were obtained through the Office of Research and Methodology and Division of Health Interview Statistics, NCHS. They are based on U.S. Census Bureau estimates of the civilian noninstitutional population of the United States as of July 1, 2001 and July 1, 2002.

d Estimates of the civilian noninstitutionalized population used in calculating visit rates by age, sex, race, and geographic region are from special tabulations developed by the Population Division, U.S. Census Bureau, using the July 1, 2001 and July 1, 2002 set of State population estimates, and reflect Census 2000 data.

e Year 2000 rates use U.S. Census Bureau monthly postcensal estimates of the civilian noninstitutional population as July 1, 2000 and are available at the Census Bureau Internet site: http://www.census.gov/main/www/cen2000.html. Figures have been adjusted for net underenumeration using the 1990 National Population Adjustment Matrix. Regional estimates were provided by the Division of Health Interview Statistics (DHIS), National Center for Health Statistics, and are also based on U.S. census estimates of the civilian noninstitutionalized population as of July 1, 2000.

  Year 2001 rates use U.S. Bureau of the Census estimates of the civilian noninstitutionalized population as of July 1, 2001 and are based on data from Census 2000. Year 2001 estimates of MSA/non-MSAs are calculated from data provided by the Office of Research and Methodology (ORM) and Division of Health Interview Statistics (DHIS), National Center for Health Statistics, and are based on estimates of the civilian noninstitutionalized population as of July 1, 2002 using Census 2000 data, with adjustments to 2001 totals.

DSU - Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality or confidentiality. An estimate is unreliable if the unweighted number is less than 30 or the relative standard error is greater than 30.

DNC - Data system does not collect data for this population.

Key: NHOPI: Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander; AI/AN: American Indian or Alaska Native; MSA: Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey and National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey.

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