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2005 National Healthcare Quality Report

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Cancer

Importance and Measures

Mortality
Number of deaths (2005 est.)............................................................................................... 570,2801
Cause of death rank (2003)................................................................................................... 2nd2
   
Prevalence
Number of Americans that have been diagnosed with cancer (2001)........................................ 9,800,0001
   
Incidence
New cases (2005 est.)....................................................................................................... 1,372,9101
New cases of breast cancer in women (2005 est.)................................................................ 211,2401
   
Cost
Total costi (2005)........................................................................................................... $209.9 billion3
Direct costsii (2005)......................................................................................................... $74 billion3
Measures

Evidence-based consensus defining good quality care and how to measure it currently exists for only a few cancers and a few aspects of care. Breast and colorectal cancers have high incidence rates and are highlighted in alternate years. The 2004 NHQR highlighted colorectal cancer; this year's focus is on breast cancer— specifically, prevention. The core report measures are:

  • Mammography
  • Advanced stage breast cancer
  • Breast cancer mortality

i Total cost is composed of the cost of medical care itself (direct cost), in addition to the indirect, economic costs of morbidity and mortality.
ii Direct costs are defined as "personal health care expenditures for hospital and nursing home care, drugs, home care, and physician and other professional services." National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Fact Book Fiscal Year 2004. Bethesda, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

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Prevention: Mammography Chapter 2. Effectiveness

 

 

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