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2006 National Healthcare Quality Report

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Table 1.52
Deaths per 1,000 pediatric heart surgery admissions, patients age less than 18 years (excluding obstetric admissions; patients with transcatheter interventions as single cardiac procedures, performed without bypass but with catheterization; patients with septal defects as single cardiac procedures without bypass; heart transplant; premature infants with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure as only cardiac procedure; infants less than 30 days of age with PDA closure as only cardiac procedure; and transfers to another hospital), United States, 2001 and 2003
    2003 2001
Population group Ratea Standard error Ratea Standard error
Total 60.0 3.8 50.3 3.2
Age 0-4 63.8 4.3 53.5 3.6
5-9 44.6 12.2 DSU DSU
10-14 DSU DSU 42.1 11.1
15-17 58.8 17.6 DSU DSU
Gender Male 59.1 5.2 50.0 4.2
Female 61.0 5.7 50.4 4.7
Median income of patient's ZIP Code Less than $25,000 98.9 18.6 60.5 12.0
$25,000-$34,999 58.4 8.3 53.5 7.0
$35,000-$44,999 53.2 7.1 51.4 6.6
$45,000 or more 61.6 5.7 47.1 4.5
Location of patient residence Metropolitan-large 62.2 4.9 50.0 3.9
Metropolitan-small 65.8 8.3 50.9 6.4
Micropolitan 46.4 11.5 42.5 12.5
Noncore DSU DSU 66.2 17.6
Expected payment source Private insurance 53.5 5.4 44.4 4.2
Medicare DSU DSU DSU DSU
Medicaid 67.3 6.0 54.7 5.2
Other insurance 71.7 17.8 69.1 14.9
Uninsured/self pay/no charge DSU DSU 87.7 19.6
Region of inpatient treatment Northeast 43.4 8.7 49.7 6.0
Midwest 70.3 8.5 48.0 8.5
South 66.3 5.5 45.8 5.7
West 50.1 10.6 57.5 6.0
Ownership/control of hospital Private, not-for-profit 61.3 4.2 51.1 3.3
Private, for-profit DSU DSU DSU DSU
Public 60.6 10.4 49.3 10.6
Teaching status of hospital Teaching 55.1 4.4 51.4 3.4
Non-teaching 76.9 7.8 43.7 8.4
Location of hospital Metropolitan-large 57.3 4.2 52.8 3.4
Metropolitan-small 73.3 9.1 36.5 8.1
Micropolitan -- -- -- --
Noncore -- -- -- --
Bed size of hospital Less than 100 DSU DSU DSU DSU
100-299 42.3 7.7 50.0 4.4
300-499 70.4 7.9 44.4 6.6
500 or more 63.9 5.4 57.0 6.3

a Estimates are adjusted by age, gender, age-gender interactions, and APR-DRG risk of mortality score. When reporting is by age, the adjustment is by gender and APR-DRG risk of mortality score; when reporting is by gender, the adjustment is by age and APR-DRG risk of mortality score.

-- Statistic cannot be calculated.

DSU - Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Nationwide Inpatient Sample.

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