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2006 National Healthcare Quality Report

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Table 1.103
Deaths per 1,000 admissions with pneumonia as principal diagnosis, age 18 and older (excluding obstetric and neonatal admissions and transfers to another hospital), United States, 2001 and 2003
    2003 2001
Population group Ratea Standard error Ratea Standard error
Total 73.4 0.5 84.8 0.5
Age 18-44 36.0 1.6 40.3 1.7
45-64 53.6 1.1 59.5 1.2
65 and over 84.5 0.6 99.0 0.6
Age 65-69 65.3 1.8 76.4 1.9
70-74 60.1 1.6 74.7 1.6
75-79 68.5 1.4 87.2 1.4
80-84 86.6 1.3 100.2 1.4
85 and over 112.7 1.1 125.7 1.1
Gender Male 75.2 0.7 88.5 0.8
Female 71.7 0.7 81.4 0.7
Median income of patient's ZIP Code Less than $25,000 68.6 2.4 86.6 1.9
$25,000-$34,999 74.7 1.1 85.3 1.0
$35,000-$44,999 73.4 0.9 84.1 1.0
$45,000 or more 73.1 0.8 84.6 0.9
Location of patient residence Metropolitan-large 72.7 0.7 83.1 0.8
Metropolitan-small 73.6 1.0 88.1 1.0
Micropolitan 75.0 1.5 84.4 1.5
Noncore 73.7 1.5 84.9 1.6
Expected payment source Private insurance 85.0 1.3 89.6 1.3
Medicare 69.1 0.6 82.5 0.6
Medicaid 76.8 1.8 87.1 1.9
Other insurance 94.5 3.7 101.6 4.1
Uninsured/self pay/no charge 89.4 2.9 95.4 3.0
Region of inpatient treatment Northeast 81.4 1.1 90.8 1.2
Midwest 64.7 1.0 77.8 1.1
South 73.8 0.8 85.9 0.8
West 74.9 1.2 85.6 1.3
Ownership/control of hospital Private, not-for-profit 73.2 0.6 84.4 0.6
Private, for-profit 69.8 1.4 83.7 1.4
Public 77.2 1.3 87.9 1.4
Teaching status of hospital Teaching 71.4 1.0 88.6 1.1
Non-teaching 74.0 0.6 83.6 0.6
Location of hospital Metropolitan-large 72.7 0.7 82.9 0.8
Metropolitan-small 73.2 0.9 88.6 1.0
Micropolitan 76.0 1.5 84.6 1.5
Noncore 73.6 1.7 83.8 1.8
Bed size of hospital Less than 100 75.9 1.1 83.4 1.2
100-299 73.1 0.8 84.1 0.8
300-499 70.8 1.0 83.4 1.1
500 or more 74.6 1.3 92.1 1.5

a Estimates are adjusted by age, gender, age-gender interactions, and APR-DRG risk of mortality score. When reporting is by age, the adjustment is by gender and APR-DRG risk of mortality score; when reporting is by gender, the adjustment is by age and APR-DRG risk of mortality score.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Nationwide Inpatient Sample.

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